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Aggressive ReConnaissance-170 starfighter

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ARC170starfighter
ARC-170 starfighter
Production information
Manufacturer
Model

ARC-170 Aggressive Reconnaissance starfighter[2]

Class

Starfighter[2]

Cost
Technical specifications
Length

14.5 meters[1]

Width

22.6 meters (wingspan)[1]

Height/depth

4.78 meters[1]

Maximum acceleration

2,600 G[1]

MGLT

100[3]

Maximum speed (atmosphere)

1,000 km/h[4] to 44,000 km/h (with deflector shields on)[1]

Hyperdrive rating

Class 1.5[1]

Hyperdrive range

5,000 LY[1]

Shielding

5 × 1016 W[5]

Countermeasures

Sensor jammers

Armament
Crew
Passengers

None[2]

Cargo capacity

110 kg[2]

Consumables

5 days[1]

Other systems

S-foils

Usage
Role(s)
Year introduced

c. 22 BBY[8]

Era(s)
Affiliation
"Get to an ARC-170, X2. This is where the fun begins!"
Jedi Master Ferroda to X2, during the battle on Cato Neimoidia[src]

The Aggressive Reconnaissance-170 starfighter, also known as the ARC-170 starfighter and Advanced Recon fighter,[10] was a heavy starfighter/bomber that saw widespread use by the Republic Navy in the later days of the Clone Wars.[11]

Designed and manufactured by the Incom Corporation, the ARC-170 was an ancestor of the T-65 X-wing starfighter, which would be mainly used by the Alliance to Restore the Republic.[11]

CharacteristicsEdit

"We can lose the V-wings, but those ARCs have Class One-point-five hyperdrives. They'll follow us to Hell and back."
Reeze Duurmun, escaping Coruscant with Tobb Jadak following the Battle of Coruscant[src]

DesignEdit

ARC170 ICS

ARC-170 cross-section.

The ARC-170 was jointly produced by Incom and Subpro Corporation. Like their other starfighter designs of its time, such as the lighter Z-95, and the heavier PTB-625, and NTB-630, the ARC-170 had a narrow spaceframe flanked by large engines. The ARC-170 also possessed an S-foil system, which helped to radiate heat, something that aided the fighter's shielding. This also provided additional stability during atmospheric flight.[11]

Using its front deflector shield projectors to disperse heat generated from air resistance, the ARC-170 could reach supersonic speeds in atmospheric flight .[11]

The ARC-170 was a departure from other starfighter designs of the Clone Wars era. Fighters such as the Alpha-3 Nimbus and the Eta-2 Actis were built to be small, fast, and maneuverable, at the cost of heavy weapons, shields, and hyperdrives. On the other hand, the ARC-170 was large, rugged, and capable of long independent operations.

Military roleEdit

Arc170 pair

A pair of ARC-170s over Coruscant.

The ARC-170 was often sent on dangerous scout missions and raids deep in enemy territory.[11] To allow the ARC-170 to perform these missions, the fighter was equipped with a Class 1.5 hyperdrive, and its nose was filled with powerful sensors, scanners, and jammers.

The ARC-170 carried enough consumables for five days of operation. However, the supplies and additional equipment had a price and the ARC-170 was quite slow. Durable armor and shielding, as well as two tail guns, helped the ARC-170 to survive when surrounded by swarms of smaller, faster enemy fighters, although it remained vulnerable to enemy anti-fighter guns.

WeaponryEdit

The ARC-170 possessed powerful weaponry. It carried six proton torpedoes, and its wingtip-mounted medium laser cannons were unusually large for a starfighter.[11] ARC-170s were often used as the heavy-hitters in strike forces, escorted by V-wings and Eta-2s.

The ARC-170 was crewed by three clones: a pilot, a forward gunner who operated the wingtip-mounted lasers, and a tail gunner who operated the rear-mounted cannons. The fighter also carried an astromech droid to perform onboard repairs and navigation. It was also possible for the pilot to operate the wingtip laser cannons if a co-pilot wasn't available.[11]

CustomizationEdit

During the Clone Wars, it was common for elite pilots to customize their vessels with elaborate designs, such as the elite Razor Squadron.[12]

The ARC-170 that shot down Plo Koon's Delta-7 Aethersprite-class light interceptor during Order 66 was kitted out to display information on its cockpit display screen using an unidentified script.

HistoryEdit

Clone WarsEdit

Malastare EP bomb run

ARC-170's attacking CIS forces on Malastare

Originally introduced and adopted by the Republic shortly before the Clone Wars,[8] ARCs were used fairly extensively during the late Clone Wars. During the Battle of Malastare, a squadron of ARC fighters escorted a squadron of BTL-B Y-wings carrying the electro-proton bomb and provided cover against AATs by strafing enemy ground formations.[13] They were also used in the Defense of Kamino[14] and later in a rescue mission to Lola Sayu[15].Shortly before the Battle of Coruscant, a squadron of ARCs provided cover for Obi-Wan Kenobi and Anakin Skywalker on Tythe, but were mostly destroyed.[16]

Spacebattle

ARC-170s during the Battle of Coruscant.

During the Battle of Coruscant, Clone Flight Squad Seven (operating with ARC-170s) covered for Kenobi and Skywalker as they made their way to the Invisible Hand. Although Squad Seven suffered many casualties, they allowed the two Jedi to successfully board the ship and rescue Supreme Chancellor Palpatine. Large numbers of ARC-170s were destroyed by droid tri-fighters in the battle.[17]

Galactic EmpireEdit

ARC-170

An Imperial ARC-170 fighter with S-foils retracted.

Later, after Palpatine issued Order 66, ARC-170s flying over the skies of Cato Neimoidia under the command of Clone Captain Jag turned on Jedi Master Plo Koon. The ARC-170 squadron fired upon his Delta-7 starfighter, destroying the fighter's engines. Plo Koon could not regain control of his ship and plunged to his death as he and what remained of the forward part of the fighter crashed into a building on one of Cato Neimoidia's bridge-cities.[17]

Several years after the Declaration of a New Order, the ARC-170s of Green Squadron were deployed from an Star Destroyer. They took part in the second portion of the Shrouded Offensive at Ostor. They strafed the city shield, but were ambushed by followers of the rogue clone trooper Kaddak in V-19 Torrent starfighters. The attackers were fought off, but quickly disappeared. Vader led the squadron back to cover the Star Destroyer. After Commander Hock Malsuum disabled the shield, the ARC-170s attacked the city, leaving it in ruins.[18]

During the Galactic Civil War, ARC-170s could be found in both Imperial and Rebel fleets, where they were considered elite craft.[19] As with all craft commissioned by the new Empire, ARC-170s were henceforth given the standard 'Imperial gray' color scheme, doing away with the variety of colorful markings that military vessels bore to identify their squadron affiliations with during the Clone Wars. Incom would go on to produce the T-65 X-wing starfighter, the successor to the ARC-170.

One old ARC-170 was found in an old secret hangar of the Rebel Alliance on the planet Dathomir. The Wookiees Imarrra and Orrekazzapirr took this ARC-170 after they had been freed from the Imperial prison facility and managed to punch a hole through the Imperial blockade around the planet.[20]

Queen Kylantha of Naboo also owned several old ARC-170s. Her personal ship technicians had rehauled a few of them and turned them into formidable fighters again. She gave one to an adventurer as a token of appreciation for helping the Wookiees Imarrra and Orrekazzapirr escape from captivity.[20]

Behind the scenesEdit

The ARC-170 was named after "ART-170," the title of the artwork form by concept artist Ryan Church that inspired the finalized design. Originally, it was referred to simply as a "clone fighter" in the script for Revenge of the Sith.

ARC170 concept

ARC-170 concept art.

The HUD seen on Odd Ball's ARC-170 cockpit during the Battle of Coruscant has the same targeting display as Luke Skywalker's X-wing in A New Hope.[17]

The joint development of the ARC-170 by Incom and Subpro Corporations seems to contradict a HoloNet News report that claims the companies severed their partnership shortly before the onset of the Clone Wars. This issue may possibly be retconned by the fact that most of the design for the ship took place before the split. Even so, it was released as an Incom/Subpro design, and it is extremely unusual for design credit to continue to be shared between companies who have broken off relations.

In Star Wars: Battlefront II, the ARC-170 fighter is considered a medium starfighter, and equivalent to a T-65 X-wing starfighter. The game also only allows one individual to board it, rather than three to fill all the positions.[21]

In Labyrinth of Evil, the ARC-170 is stated to be equipped with multiple missile launchers. This, however, may be attributed to General Grievous' limited knowledge of the vehicles at the time, as the ships are described from his viewpoint.[16]

In the Star Wars: Revenge of the Sith: The Visual Dictionary, the starfighter was said to have a projectile cannon above their wing mounted laser cannons.

In 2005, LEGO released an ARC-170 set, which included three clone pilots (which oddly had V-wing pilot uniforms; this was due to technical limitations, however) and R4-D5. A strange thing about this set is that it had only one rear laser cannon. LEGO released another ARC-170 in 2010, which is more accurate in depicting the fighter (and pilots) and includes one standard clone pilot, Captain Jag, Kit Fisto and R4-P44. An Episode 3 Collectors Set (set 65771) was released in 2005. In the set was an ARC-170, a droid Tri-Fighter, a buzz droid, three clone pilots, R4-D5, an Episode 3 LEGO poster and a CD-ROM "From the LEGO Vaults."

In the Clone Wars episode The Zillo Beast, the ARC-170 squadron escorting the Y-Wings that drop the electro-proton bomb during the course of the episode have the same engine noise as the X-Wings in the Original Trilogy. This is probably implemented to highlight that the ARC-170 is the precursor to the X-Wing.

AppearancesEdit

ARC 170

Front view of an ARC-170.

Non-canon appearancesEdit

SourcesEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

External linksEdit

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