The Droid Rights movement was an attempt to "liberate" droids from their "forced servitude" and give them legal protection under the Rights of Sentience clause of the Galactic Constitution. It opposed ownership of droids and anybody advocating anti-droid propaganda, instead advocating that their sentience programming and personality matrices gave them said protection.
Problems arose as, at times, droids started their own uprisings against their organic masters, such as the infamous Great Droid Revolution started by HK-01 and his droid army. Such incidents only hindered the movement and sentients who believed in it continued the struggle.
- Star Wars: The Old Republic (Codex entry)
- AI Equality on Wikipedia