In his youth, he was a reputable freighter pilot, but he fell victim of gambling and alcoholism and had to take up a smuggling career to pay off his many debts. He was known for losing crew members, valuable cargo, and even entire ships.
- "Out of the Cradle"—Star Wars Adventure Journal 2 (First appearance)
- "A Bitter Winter"—Star Wars Adventure Journal 5 (Mentioned only)
- The Black Sands of Socorro
- The Complete Star Wars Encyclopedia
- The Essential Reader's Companion
- Strongholds of Resistance