- "One of the other crucial pieces is a focusing crystal. The most powerful and sought-after gems are rare Kaiburr crystals. However, though lightsabers are powerful weapons, their design is so flexible that practically any kind of crystal can be used."
- ―Luke Skywalker to his students on making a lightsaber.
A lightsaber crystal was a term used to describe any variety of crystals, gems, stones, or other objects used as the focus in the construction of a lightsaber.
At the heart of every lightsaber was a set of crystals that resonated to produce the efficient, powerful blade. While the most common crystals used in the process were from the Adega system, Ilum, and Dantooine (in the so-called "Crystal Cave"), Jedi and Sith used a variety of crystals to produce various colors, effects and unique abilities. Some crystals could even enhance the Force skills of a particular user. Other gems, such as colored crystals or diamonds, were used exclusively for prismatic effects. However not all lightsaber crystals were actually crystals at all. There were plenty of exceptions where a Jedi or Sith would use a different material or substance in place of a crystal, such as physical remains, shards of glass, and even special micro machinery.
During the Great Sith War epoch, many lightsabers were created using Kunda stones, a natural geologic formation from the planet Kadril, in place of crystals. These stones boasted numerous practical applications in medicine and communications; however, when added to other focusing crystals, they produced a broader beam.
- "The crystal is not, by itself, the power source of the weapon. Like the Force user, the crystal is attuned to the Force. Without that attunement, the crystal is just a rock. And while a non-Force user could probably ignite and wield a lightsaber, provided the crystal was properly attuned to the Force, all that lightsaber would be for him is a shaft of superheated plasma. But for a Jedi, the lightsaber becomes more: it is a manifestation of a Jedi's connection to the Force."
- ―Jaden Korr
Before placing the crystal in the lightsaber, the Jedi or Sith had to imbue them with the Force. To do this, the Force-user was required to meditate on the crystal for many days. Luke Skywalker meditated on his crystal in Ben Kenobi's home for many days with only R2-D2 to keep him company.
While the Jedi used natural crystals, the Sith mostly used red-hued synthetic crystals. Sith-made synthetic crystals create a slightly more powerful blade when energized by the dark side of the Force. Sith lightsaber blades have been known to "break" the blade of a Jedi Saber, but such occurances are rare. Darth Sidious made Darth Maul use a special furnace to make his own crystals. Maul worked constantly for several days to make the four crystals needed for his double-bladed lightsaber. Their creation required intense concentration, as Darth Maul had to use the Force not only to make them the proper shape and to ensure that the crystals were free from impurities, but also to keep himself alive for the long time it took in the blistering heat of the furnace. Maul was particularly proud of this achievement and believed it to be an example of the Sith's superiority over the Jedi. However, it should be noted that Sidious did not make his subsequent apprentices—Tyranus and Vader—create their crystals in such a manner, instead supplying them himself.
Luke Skywalker, who had decided to create his lightsaber crystal instead of using a natural one, also used a special furnace he found in Obi-Wan Kenobi's home to prepare his crystal. As exemplified in both Skywalker and Maul's cases, the creator of a synthetic crystal channeled his Force energies and personality into the crystals as it was formed, making it unique in every way, including the color.
The Jedi Order had an advanced technique that allowed, in case of need, the cleaning of synthetic crystals made by Dark Side users from the hate of their former owners. In 41 ABY, Jaden Korr, who had lost his lightsaber, used the Force to banish the Dark Side from the red crystal of a Dark Jedi he had killed. Through meditation, he was able to remove all traces of the Dark Side and imbue the crystal with the Light Side, turning the Dark Jedi's lightsaber into a yellow-bladed Jedi weapon.
Significance of colorsEdit
Around 4,000 BBY, lightsaber crystals were used to indicate a Jedi's chosen class. Blue indicated a Jedi Guardian, a Jedi who used the Force on a more physical level. Green indicated a Jedi Consular, a Jedi who preferred to reflect on the mysteries of the Force and fight the dark side at its heart. Yellow indicated a Jedi Sentinel, a Jedi who honed their skills in a balance of combat and scholarly pursuits.
This distinction fell out of practice in later years when most Jedi used blue or green crystals from Ilum Caves based on personal choice, and when the use of crystals coming from various source worlds became marginal. Purple, yellow, and orange crystals were still used by some Jedi until the fall of the Jedi Order, but they were exceedingly rare, and often passed down through generations.[source?] During the Galactic Civil War, the Galactic Empire banned trade and possession of all lightsaber crystals.[source?] No longer having Ilum crystals at their disposal, Jedi of the New Jedi Order favored the use of various crystals and gems, creating lightsaber blades of multiple colors.
The synthetic crystals, favored by users of the dark side for their offensive properties, being impregnated with the negative energies of their creators which gave to the crystals their red color; the majority of the Sith and Dark Jedi wielded crimson-bladed lightsabers.
Known lightsaber crystalsEdit
There were a number of different stones, minerals, and crystals that could be used in the construction of a lightsaber. Some jewels were known for creating different colors and effects in the lightsabers in which they were placed. Often, the rarer the crystal, the more powerful its effects on a lightsaber was.
- Ankarres Sapphire
- Allya's Redemption
- Allya's Exile
- Bnar's Sacrifice
- Bane's Heart
- Barab ore
- Blackwing crystal
- Bondara's Folly
- Baas' Wisdom
- Compressed energy crystal
- Cunning of Tyranus
- Dantooine crystal
- Dawn of Dagobah
- Enhancement jewel
- Heart of the Guardian
- Kenobi's Legacy
- Krayt dragon pearl
- Kun's Blood
- Lava crystal
- Life Drain
- Lignan crystal
- Mantle of the Force
- Meditation crystal
- Meetra Surik crystal
- Permafrost crystal
- Rainbow gem
- Sunrider's Destiny
- Ulic's Redemption
- Windu's Guile
Known color crystalsEdit
For millennia, the Jedi Order lit lightsabers in every color and hue imaginable. However, following the Battle of Ruusan, the hues of most available crystals had been limited to either blue or green. Lightsaber color crystals could also be compressed, resulting in a pulsating blade, or they could be unstable, resulting in a core which swirled and sparkled.
Lightsaber crystals of different hues could also be used in the same lightsaber to make a new blade color; for example, Galen Marek used Rahm Kota's green crystal along with his father's blue crystal to create an aqua blade.
The following is a list of all known blade colors.
- Acid Yellow (Anja Gallandro's lightsaber)
- Amethyst (such as Mace Windu's lightsaber)
- Aqua (Galen Marek's modified lightsaber)
- Azure (Nikkos Tyris's lightsaber)
- Black (White with black core)
- Blue (traditional Jedi lightsaber color)
- Blue, w/ black core
- Blue, w/ cyan core
- Blue, Dark (such as Anakin Skywalker's lightsaber, Kenobi's Legacy)
- Blue, Icy (Permafrost crystal)
- Blue, Jade
- Bright Gold
- Bronze (Lowbacca's lightsaber)
- Bronze w/ yellow core (Heart of the Guardian)
- Brown (Bnar's Sacrifice)
- Burgundy (Solimon Dambrizi's lightsaber)
- Carmine (Bane's Heart)
- Clear (Barab ore)
- Cobalt (One of Saesee Tiin's many lightsaber's)
- Crimson (such as Adi Gallia's lightsaber in 32 BBY)
- Cyan (such as Meetra Surik's lightsaber)
- Cyan w/ silvery glow (Mantle of the Force)
- Electric Blue
- Emerald (such as Jacen Solo's lightsaber before his ascension to Sith Lord)
- Gold (such as Qu Rahn's lightsaber)
- Green (Luke Skywalker's lightsaber)
- Green, Dark
- Green, Jade
- Green, Light
- Green, Sage (Rahm Kota's lightsaber)
- Green, Lime
- Green w/ black core (Dahgee crystal)
- Magenta (such as Mara Jade Skywalker's lightsaber)
- Orange (such as Kyle Katarn in 10 ABY or Freedon Nadd)
- Orange w/ black core
- Orange w/ yellow core
- Pearl White (Krayt dragon pearl, Wisdom crystal)
- Pewter (Raynar Thul's lightsaber)
- Pink (Lambent)
- Purple w/ black core
- Red (Darth Andeddu's Crystal, generic Sith/Dark Jedi lightsaber)
- Red, w/ black core
- Red w/ orange core
- Red, Blood (Qixoni crystal)
- Red, Dark
- Red, Light
- Sapphire (Yarael Poof's lightsaber)
- Scarlet (Depa Billaba's lightsaber)
- Sickly green (Jedgar's lightsaber)
- Silver (Durindfire (crystal))
- Silvery-blue (Toro Irana's lightsaber)
- Silvery-green (Viridian crystal)
- Teal (Sunrider's Destiny)
- Transparent Blue (Pix's lightsaber)
- Violet (such as Anakin Solo, Kyp Durron, and Jaina Solo's lightsabers)
- Violet, Dark
- Violet, Light
- Violet w/ Black Core
- White (Imperial Knights, Star Wars: The Old Republic)
- White-black (white with black core)
- Yellow (such as the new Impact Crystal, a Force Unleashed 2 Collectors Edition Exclusive, and Yun's lightsaber)
- Yellow, Dark
- Yellow, Light
- Yellow-White (Nelani Dinn's lightsaber)
- Yellowish-green (such as Ahsoka Tano's Shoto)
- Yellow w/ Black Core
Behind the scenesEdit
Crystals first appeared in the Star Wars galaxy simply as an embedded decoration on the lightsaber hilt in the A New Hope novelization. Aside from this single instance, there are no crystals mentioned in the original trilogy or its novelizations.
Most crystals with special properties were from various video game and role playing game sources. Since these special powers were often a function of game play, and not of the storyline, it is questionable if these powers are truly canon. However, since there are several examples of crystals with special powers in actual storylines (e.g. Lambent, Kaiburr, etc.), it is generally accepted that other crystals had special powers as well.
In Star Wars Galaxies, players must "tune" lightsaber crystals to themselves before they may use them in a lightsaber. Once tuned, the crystal can only be used by that player, and only in lightsabers created by that player.
In Star Wars: The Old Republic, players are able to gain lightsaber crystals to use with their lightsabers.
- The New Jedi Order Sourcebook
- Star Wars: The Complete Visual Dictionary
- Star Wars: Roleplaying Game Revised Core Rulebook
- The New Essential Guide to Weapons and Technology
- The Unknown Regions
- The Jedi Path: A Manual for Students of the Force
- Star Wars: Darth Maul, Sith Apprentice
- Book of Sith: Secrets from the Dark Side
- Star Wars: Beware the Sith
- The Essential Guide to Warfare
Notes and referencesEdit
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 Shadows of the Empire novel
- ↑ Attack of the Clones: The Visual Dictionary
- ↑ Dark Lord: The Rise of Darth Vader
- ↑ Star Wars: Knights of the Old Republic
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 Star Wars Galaxies
- ↑ Coruscant Nights II: Street of Shadows
- ↑ The Mandalore Plot
- ↑ Revenge of the Sith: The Visual Dictionary
- ↑ 9.00 9.01 9.02 9.03 9.04 9.05 9.06 9.07 9.08 9.09 9.10 9.11 Star Wars: The Old Republic
- ↑ 10.0 10.1 Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope (novel)
- ↑ Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back (novel)
- ↑ Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi (novel)