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"Well, the Force is what gives a Jedi his power. It's an energy field created by all living things. It surrounds us and penetrates us; it binds the galaxy together."
Obi-Wan Kenobi — Gnome-speakernotesListen (file info)[src]
Mine mine mine

Kylo Ren and Rey, vessels of the darkness and the light, respectively, used the Force in a tug of war over Skywalker's lightsaber.

The Force, also known as the Ashla to the Lasats or It to the dianoga Omi, was an energy field that connected everything in the galaxy and was created by all living entities. While the Force resided in all lifeforms, it was especially powerful in a select group of individuals who were born with a high concentration of midi-chlorians in their blood. These people were deemed Force-sensitive, and therefore, could harness the various powers of the Force. Unlike organic beings, droids and other artificial creations existed outside of the Force. As such, they possessed no connection to the energy field that was created and sustained by life. Apart from its scientific aspect, the Force was the basis of various religious organizations such as the Church of the Force, the Guardians of the Whills, and most notably the Jedi Order. In addition, the Lasats believed that the Force was "the spirit of the galaxy."

The Force as a recorded concept existed for well over twenty-five thousand years. There were multiple aspects of the Force. The Living Force was fueled by the energies of all lifeforms and, in turn, fed into the Cosmic Force—the Force that bound everything together and communicated through the midi-chlorians. A certain aspect of the Force was referred to as stonepower; its power was derived from a blue stone imbued with the Living Force. The Jedi Order followed a code of selflessness and service to others; therefore, they adhered to the light side of the Force. Their adversaries, the Sith, sought power and domination over the galaxy, making them followers of the dark side of the Force. Their differing views and goals resulted in millennia of conflict, concluding with the extinction of the Sith and the near annihilation of the Jedi.

DescriptionEdit

"In darkness, cold.
In light, cold.
The old sun brings no heat.
But there is heat in breath and life.
In life, there is the Force.
In the Force, there is life.
And the Force is eternal."
Sunset Prayer of the Guardians of the Whills[src]

The Living Force represented the energies of all living things, and those energies were fed into the Cosmic Force that bound the galaxy together and communicated to individuals through the midi-chlorians.[1]

Though only certain individuals were Force-sensitive, the Force resided within all living things and could be extracted.[2] Because of this, Force-sensitives could feel a "disturbance in the Force" whenever there was a great loss of life. Droids, however, being mechanical creations, and thus possessing no midi-chlorians, could never sense the Force.[3]

The ability to use the Force could run in a family line. The siblings Leia Organa and Luke Skywalker, children of the powerful Anakin Skywalker, were both Force-sensitive.[4] Organa would later bear a Force-sensitive child, Ben, with Han Solo, who was not Force-sensitive.[5] Despite this, the Jedi policy of recruiting Padawan younglings at a young age and not having families typically meant in the time of the Galactic Republic that most individuals strong in the Force were born to those who did not have power in the Force.[6] It was possible for siblings born to non-Force-sensitive parents to not share a talent for Force sensitivity. Such was the case with Zare Leonis and Dhara Leonis. While Dhara from an early age could always sense her brother's presence, Zare never had this talent, or indeed, any special abilities that could be attributed to the Force.[7]

Powers and abilitiesEdit

LukeObiWanDagobah

Obi-Wan Kenobi speaks to Luke Skywalker after the death of his body

Usage of the Force granted a number of useful powers, such as the ability to sense impending attacks;[8] to push, lift, and otherwise manipulate physical objects; influence the minds of others;[4] to sedate or induce sleep;[9][5] and even see the future or maintain one's consciousness after death.[10] Dark side users strong with the Force could project lightning from their hands and fingers. The Jedi taught younglings that the Force could be used for many purposes, including protection, persuasion, wisdom, the manipulation of matter and the performance of great physical feats.[11]

HistoryEdit

Origins and early studiesEdit

"All that surround us is the foundation of life, the birthplace of what your science calls midi-chlorians, the foundation of what connects the Living Force and the Cosmic Force. When a living thing dies, all is renewed. Life passes away from the Living Force into the Cosmic Force and becomes one with it. One powers the other. One is renewed by the other."
Serenity[src]

The Force existed as a recorded concept in the galaxy for well over twenty-five thousand years prior to the era of the Galactic Civil War, with disparate schools of study evolving in parallel on countless planets.[12] It was believed that the midi-chlorians, which connected the Living Force to the Cosmic Force and allowed a Force-sensitive individual to feel the will of the Force, originated on the Wellspring of Life.[13] Over time, the Jedi Order became the most well-known organization that practiced the ways of the Force, although the galaxy hosted many other religions, orthodoxies, and observances even among those who did not exhibit control or manipulation of the energy field—such as the Guardians of the Whills,[12] who held the Jedi in high esteem.[14]

The Hundred-Year DarknessEdit

"Once we were brothers in the Force. But from the Hundred-Year Darkness were born the Sith."
―Unidentified Jedi[src]
Dooku Force lightning

Count Dooku using force lightning

Thousands of years before the Clone Wars,[15] the unity of the Jedi Order was fractured by a rogue Jedi who came to believe that the true power of the Force could only be reached by tapping into the power of the dark side rather than the contemplation and passivity of the light. The Jedi High Council at the time balked at this new direction and the fallen Jedi was banished from the Order. Nevertheless, a group of renegade Jedi followed the rogue into exile,[16] resulting in a schism that gave way to the Hundred-Year Darkness[17] and the rise of the Sith Order.[17]

As a result of the schism between the Jedi and the Sith, the Force came to be seen as divided between their two philosophies: the Jedi's selfless commitment to serving and defending others came to be regarded as the light side of the Force, whereas the Sith's use of emotion and violence became known as the dark side of the Force.[8]

The Force at warEdit

As the schism between Jedi and Sith grew, their open hostility eventually turned to open war for both control of the galaxy and to impose their own philosophy with regards to the Force. During the days of the Old Republic, Sith and Jedi fought countless wars to destroy one another. Great battles were fought between the two warring orders and various ways of using the Force were discovered but later lost. The Sith also took to sacrificing Jedi in ancient chambers on their homeworld of Moraband, places which would remain forever tainted with the darkness of the events that happened in there. The Sith also used these arts to create monsters, such as Sith snakes, which remained on Moraband until the days of the Clone Wars.[18]

The wars between the Sith and the Jedi raged for centuries and several worlds of the galaxy were broken by their conflict, such as Moraband, which the Sith were eventually forced to abandon, and Malachor, the site of an enormous battle that left the planet scorched with no survivors on either side. The Sith tombs in the Valley of the Dark Lords were also marked with the darkness of the deeds of those who had been buried there. Both the Jedi and the Sith used lightsabers as their main weapons. These devices were powered by kyber crystals, special crystals with a strong connection to the Force. In addition to their study of the dark side, the Sith also took to building superweapons of power sufficient to destroy an entire planet. They would sometimes use giant kyber crystals to power these weapons.[19] As such, gaining control of the source of the kyber crystals (which had a strong connection the Force) was vital to both sides of the conflict.[20][21]

Eventually, in the waning days of the Old Republic, Sith infighting had practically destroyed themselves and the Jedi finally emerged victorious. A new galactic government, the Galactic Republic, emerged from the ruins of the previous regime and, with the Jedi as its guardians and advisers, they expanded throughout the galaxy and begun an age of peace and prosperity which would last for a thousand years.[22][8][6]

However, despite the Jedi's victory and the fact that the Force was now dominated by their light side philosophy, the Sith had secretly survived. Darth Bane emerged as the sole surviving Sith Lord and, realizing that the Sith's defeat had come from their infighting and greed, created a new guiding principle for their Order known as the Rule of Two: instead of several, there would now only be two Sith Lords; a Master, who possessed the power, and an apprentice, who craved it. As such, the infighting of the past would no longer occur and the Sith could regain their power in secret until the time was right for them to have their revenge on the Jedi and reclaim the rule of the galaxy.[18][23] Although the Jedi eventually discovered that Darth Bane had survived, they believed that, upon his death, the Sith were truly extinct.

Ten years before the Clone Wars, Jedi Master Qui-Gon Jinn, discovered a boy named Anakin Skywalker on Tatooine, that was more powerful in the Force than any known Jedi. The boy became the most powerful Jedi Knight ever seen and fought in the Clone Wars as a general of the Grand Army of the Republic. Then he was seduced by the dark side of the Force by the lies of his future master, the Sith Lord Darth Sidious, becoming, after his ultimate fall to the dark side, the most powerful and fearsome Dark Lord of the Sith of all times, Darth Vader, and was the key to the rise of the Galactic Empire.

Jedi PurgeEdit

The reign of the Galactic Empire saw the near-destruction of the Jedi Order. The Jedi were hunted down and eliminated by Darth Sidious and the Imperial Military of his new Empire, which claimed that the Jedi were responsible for the Clone Wars that had ravaged the galaxy. For over two decades, surviving Jedi were forced into hiding from the Inquisitorius, who either turned such Jedi to the dark side or killed them. The Empire was so effective in erasing the memory of both the Force and the Jedi that the majority of individuals that were not Force-sensitive sometimes doubted its very existence. For example, Han Solo once stated, when asked by Luke Skywalker if he believed in the Force, that "I've never seen anything to make me believe that there's one all-powerful Force controlling everything."[8] Solo's adventures with Skywalker, however, did eventually change his opinion.[4] This was also the case of Imperial officers during the later days of the Empire's reign: this led to several officers, such as Conan Antonio Motti, seeing Darth Vader as being nothing more than a sorcerer and the ways of the Force as now an "ancient religion."[8] However, higher-ranking officers who had been around during the Clone Wars, such as Grand Moff Wilhuff Tarkin, knew that the power of the Force was real; they simply believed that the Jedi were extinct and that Vader was the last who could use their power.[24][8]

Ultimately, the Chosen One who was responsible for the Empire's rise would kill Darth Sidious after confronting his own son aboard the Death Star II, and through his redemption he fulfilled his destiny as Anakin Skywalker, the Chosen One, and brought the balance back to the Force, as the prophecy said, by destroying the Sith once and for all.

Behind the scenesEdit

The leitmotif of the Force is called Binary Sunset. In The Clone Wars, a deep rumble was typically used as the sound effect for the dark side of the Force. In Star Wars Rebels, a high-pitched tone likened to a wind is used as the sound effect for the light side of the Force.[25]

AppearancesEdit

I find your lack of faith disturbing

I find your lack of sources disturbing.

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Non-canon appearancesEdit

SourcesEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

External linksEdit