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For other uses, see Empire (disambiguation).
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"Imperius Unitada ober Totallex"
Atrisian Basic motto and name of a propaganda piece, literally translating to "Empire united over all"[src]

The Galactic Empire, also known as the First Galactic Empire or the New Order—and commonly referred to as the Empire or the Order—was the galactic, constitutional monarchy and fascist government that replaced the Galactic Republic in the aftermath of the Clone Wars. In its fractured state, Imperial holdouts were referred to as Imperial remnants. In the decades that followed the Imperial government's dissolution, it was remembered as the Old Empire.

Rising to power in the final years of the Republic, the Sith Lord Darth Sidious gradually secured the government under his control through the persona of Sheev Palpatine, the last Supreme Chancellor of the Republic. Through his machinations as both Sidious and Palpatine, the Sith were restored to a position of dominance amidst the fall of the Jedi Order and the marginalization of the Galactic Senate. Without the Jedi guardians of peace and justice to oppose him, Sidious brought an end to a thousand years of democracy; in its place he installed the absolute rule of himself as Galactic Emperor.

For over two decades, opposition to the Imperial regime was ruthlessly suppressed by the rapidly expanding armed forces of the Empire. Throughout most of the Empire's existence, the Imperial Senate stood within the Empire as the last surviving symbol of the Republic. With the completion of the Death Star, the Emperor felt confident enough to dissolve the body of galactic representatives while maintaining his control over the galaxy through a collective of sector governors and the overall fear that the new battle station would inspire. However, the growing resentment to Imperial rule gradually led to the rise of various resistance movements that ultimately culminated in the formation of the Alliance to Restore the Republic. United by a common goal, the Alliance became a viable threat to the Empire after its successful theft of the Death Star plans and the station's subsequent destruction at the Battle of Yavin.

Throughout the Galactic Civil War, Imperial and Alliance forces fought across the galaxy in a conflict that culminated in the deaths of Darth Sidious and his apprentice, Darth Vader, at the Battle of Endor in 4 ABY. With the Sith extinct, the Grand Vizier of the Imperial Ruling Council, Mas Amedda, effectively succeeded Palpatine as Emperor in all but name but held limited power beyond Coruscant as the Empire fully evolved into a stratocracy dominated by military officers. It was during this time when the Empire split into a variety of separate factions, dominated by various warlords, moffs, and admirals, while the loyalist Imperial government remained on Coruscant. However, as the shattered forces of the Empire struggled to maintain their war effort against the rising momentum of the newly formed New Republic, the power of Amedda and the centralized government faded with the rise of Fleet Admiral Gallius Rax, a warlord who controlled the largest fraction of the Imperial Navy. Within a year of the Palpatine's demise, the Empire now led by "Emperor" in effect Rax under the position of Counselor to the Empire made its final stand on the desert world of Jakku and suffered a decisive defeat after Rax's death, consequently resulting in its capitulation to the Republic through the signing of the Galactic Concordance in 5 ABY which lead to the eventual dissolution of the Imperial government. Yet despite its fall, the Empire's legacy endured for decades in the Unknown Regions, where former Imperial officers plotted their revenge against the Republic. Driven by the goal of returning to power, some elements of the Imperial remnant evolved into the First Order—a military junta inspired by the ideals of the Empire.

HistoryEdit

Early FoundationsEdit

"I have good news for you, my Lord. The war has begun."
"Excellent. Everything is going as planned."
―Dooku and Darth Sidious[src]

For at least a thousand years,[17] the dominant governing body of the galaxy was the unicameral and democratic Galactic Republic, led by an elected Supreme Chancellor.[17][18]

In the last decades of its existence, the Republic Senate became mired in bureaucracy, rendering it woefully ineffectual as a governing body. Darth Sidious, the Dark Lord of the Sith known publicly as Senator Sheev Palpatine of Naboo, privately lamented the declining state of the Senate, noting that the Republic was "not what it once was."[18][19]

Thirteen years before the Republic's end as a democracy, Darth Sidious orchestrated the invasion of Naboo by the Trade Federation, in order to create a leadership crisis in the Senate. Sidious used the crisis to manipulate the then Queen of the Naboo, Amidala, into calling a Vote of No Confidence against sitting Supreme Chancellor Finis Valorum. The vote passed, and in the subsequent election, Sidious—in his public persona of Palpatine—secured the position of Supreme Chancellor of the Galactic Republic for himself.[18] Ultimately, he would be the last individual to hold this office.[1]

In the decade that followed, Sidious secretly manipulated galactic events to the extent that war became inevitable. Besides persuading a dead Jedi Master, Sifo-Dyas, to create a secret clone army, he also tasked his Sith apprentice, Darth Tyranus, with exacerbating political tensions in the Republic and engineering a Separatist Crisis. These actions would culminate in the outbreak of the Clone Wars, the last conflict of the Republic, while Sidious himself "reluctantly" accepted emergency powers.[17][1]

Birth of the New OrderEdit

"In order to ensure our security and continued stability, the Republic will be reorganized into the First Galactic Empire, for a safe and secure society!"
―Darth Sidious, on the birth of the New Order[src]
Republic fleet TCW

The Republic Navy was deployed across the galaxy and became a symbol of security and stability.

Since the onset of the Clone Wars in 22 BBY, the Republic endeavored to strengthen its security and stability through the creation of new organizations such as the Commission for the Protection of the Republic (COMPOR), which utilized propaganda to increase public morale, promote patriotism, and foster anti-Separatist sentiment within the general population.[6] As the Republic became increasingly centralized, however, Chancellor Palpatine's powers continued to grow through additional assets ceded to the Office of the Chancellor, including the galactic banking system that was placed under his direct oversight.[20]

The Chancellor remained a popular leader for the duration of the war, having managed to stay in office at the will of the Senate far longer than his term permitted. As he consolidated and centralized his own power, his influence expanded to an unprecedented level while the Republic shifted from a democratic government to an increasingly militarized and authoritarian regime on the grounds of security and stability. In addition to his authority as Commander-in-Chief of the Republic military, the Chancellor exerted more control over the Senate, the courts,[1] and even the media with HoloNet News becoming a state-run program in order to ensure that information would not be compromised by the Confederacy of Independent Systems.[21] Sidious' hold over the Republic further expanded with additional amendments to the Galactic Constitution[1] while public support for the Jedi weakened as the war carried on,[22] paving the way for his ultimate ascension as Emperor of the galaxy.[1]

PalpatineRedGuard-TWJ

Palpatine's leadership became more authoritarian during his wartime chancellery.

As the war neared its end in 19 BBY, the Jedi Order had grown skeptical about the Chancellor after accumulation of power and the consequent erosion of the democracy in Republic and began to suspect that a plot to destroy the Jedi was close to fruition. The ruling council started discussing forcibly removing Palpatine from office and temporarily overseeing the Senate in order to maintain political stability during the transition period. However, the Jedi learned of Palpatine's true identity as Dark Lord of the Sith, Darth Sidious. Following an attempt to arrest him, a brief but vicious fight ensued in which Sidious killed several Jedi and was himself visibly injured. The intercession of Jedi Knight Anakin Skywalker, who was a personal friend of Chancellor Palpatine and already disillusioned with both the Order and the war, ensured Sidious' victory. The prodigal Jedi was turned to the dark side of the Force, while Sidious had a pretext upon which to turn the Republic against the Jedi.[1]

Darth Sidious immediately purged the Jedi Order, issuing to the clone army Order 66: to exterminate the Jedi commanding forces across the galaxy. With this command programmed into the clones since their beginnings on Kamino,[23] the Republic soldiers (minus Captain Rex, Commander Wolffe and Captain Gregor) immediately turned on their Jedi commanders and exterminated the vast majority of the Jedi Order in an instant. Meanwhile, the once-charming Skywalker, now rechristened as Sidious's new apprentice Darth Vader, attacked the Jedi Temple and wiped out what remained of the Order. However, certain Jedi survived the purge, such as Grand Master of the Jedi Yoda,[7] Skywalker's former Jedi Master Obi-Wan Kenobi,[2] Masters Luminara Unduli and Uvell, Knights Zubain Ankonori, Khandra, Mususiel and Nuhj, Skywalker's former Padawan Ahsoka Tano and a Padawan of Master Depa Billaba named Caleb Dume. Many of them went into hiding after Yoda and Kenobi fought their way into the Temple and transmitted a holographic message warning the other Jedi about the Republic trap waiting for them there, right before the two Masters failed to destroy the Sith and headed into exile themselves. Some of which, however, were initially found and either turned to the dark side, as members of an agency of Dark Jedi which later became known as the Inquisitorius were before being tasked by Sidious with hunting down and destroying the remaining Jedi, or taken prisoner, as Unduli was within the Spire on Stygeon Prime until her execution, after which her remains were preserved by the Inquisitorius to lure other Jedi to their fate.

Declaration2

With the end of the Clone Wars, Darth Sidious became Emperor of the First Galactic Empire.

Shortly afterward, Palpatine turned his eye to the Confederacy of Independent Systems and dispatched Darth Vader to wipe out Nute Gunray and the rest of the Separatist government on Mustafar, following which Imperial financier Arsin Crassus plundered the Trade Federation's accounts to fund the new Imperial government.[1][9] Now able to demonstrate threats to the Republic from both within and without, a visibly injured and scarred Sidious addressed the Galactic Senate to announce the reforms which had been his endgame since the beginning. To the thunderous applause of the Senators, Sidious—now known publicly as Emperor Palpatine—announced that in order to preserve security and continued stability, the Republic would be reorganized into the Galactic Empire.[1]

Age of the EmpireEdit

"Emperor unveils ambitious plan for Imperial fleet expansion"
"Count Vidian contributes star power to new industrial inspection tour"
"Leftover unexploded ordinance from Clone Wars remains a concern"
―Headlines, Imperial HoloNews (Gorse Edition)[src]

Following the conclusion of the Clone Wars with the death of Viceroy Nute Gunray and the Separatist leadership on Mustafar, the Confederacy of Independent Systems collapsed immediately, and its Droid Army was promptly shut down and its fleets dismantled at locations across the galaxy such as the Bilbringi shipyards. However, various droid models and Separatist technology escaped Imperial appropriation and managed to work their way onto the black market, with many modules taken from Separatist frigates and destroyers, including pieces from Admiral Trench's warship, the Invincible. Despite Separatist-era technology continuing to be used and appearing in locations such as the Corporate Sector, the Empire continued to root out remaining holdouts of the Confederacy four years after the Clone Wars, while criminal organizations composed of repurposed battle droids such as the Droid Gotra operated in Coruscant's underground.[6]

In 18 BBY, seeking to make examples of worlds who continued to harbor secessionist tendencies, Moff Wilhuff Tarkin was assigned to make an example of Antar 4, a populous moon that had been a part of the Separatist Alliance and involved in a scheme involving Republic Intelligence to train locals into well-armed resistance groups. While COMPNOR initially stifled information regarding the killings, word soon leaked out about the operation through inquisitive reporters such as Anora Fair and Hask Taff, while the event was soon penned as the Antar Atrocity, capturing the attention of many Coruscanti and other citizens from the Core Worlds.[6]

Tarkin-Vader

Tarkin and Vader descend the Carrion Spike's boarding ramp.

In 16 BBY, various survivors of the Antar Atrocity and other malcontents joined together under the leadership of the former Captain Teller, who organized them into a rebel cell intent on stalling the development of the Emperor's newest weapon under construction at Geonosis. After stealing the Carrion Spike, an advanced starship based on a prototype stealth corvette used during the Battle of Christophsis during the Clone Wars, the rebels managed to wreck havoc across numerous star systems including Lucazec, Galidraan III and Nouane all while transmitting holovids of their attacks on Imperial HoloNet frequencies, increasing anti-Imperial propaganda across thousands of Mid and Outer Rim star systems before the Empire was able to shut down the communications grid. After lengthy fleet redeployment's and the discovery of a mole within the Imperial ranks, Tarkin aboard the Imperial-class Star Destroyer Executrix managed to disable the rebel warship and capture the dissidents after a brief battle and timely arrival of Star Destroyers Compliant and Enforcer. As an award for proving his skill, the Emperor promoted Tarkin to the newly created rank of Grand Moff and gave him personal command of the Executrix as well as oversight of the Outer Rim Territories, all while the recent attacks on Imperial facilities were made to look like an elaborate plot to root out rebel cells. The Empire had effectively dealt with a potentially disastrous situation, rooted out a traitor and kept details regarding the development of its superweapon at Geonosis a mere rumor.[6]

As pirates, smugglers, and ex-Separatists were routinely imprisoned and destroyed, the Empire faced little serious resistance to its rule. A rare exception revolved around the Outer Rim world of Ryloth, where Moff Delian Mors and Colonel Belkor Dray were busy fighting an insurgency known as the Free Ryloth movement, led by former Twi'lek Resistance leader Cham Syndulla, who established hidden bases across Ryloth and executed raids against the Empire, including those on its lucrative spice and slave trade in the sector. Composed of freedom fighters who fought with the Galactic Republic and Jedi Master Mace Windu during the Clone Wars to free their homeworld from Separatist occupation by Emir Wat Tambor, the newly formed Free Ryloth movement would continue its struggle for independence against the Galactic Empire for decades.[24]

ImperializationEdit

"With shipyards turning out Imperial-class Star Destroyers, any revolt will be hard pressed to make so much as a dent in the Emperor's armor."
Artoz[src]

Almost immediately as part of the new regime, existing government bodies were renamed to reflect the change in authority. The Grand Army of the Republic became the Imperial Army,[25] while the Republic Navy became the Imperial Navy and the Galactic Senate was rechristened the Imperial Senate.[2] The renowned Senate Plaza, with its name reminding residents of the Old Republic, was promptly changed to the Imperial Plaza, while an enormous statue of the Emperor was erected in its place.[6] In addition, the former roundel of the Republic was replaced with the new Imperial crest, adorned on almost everything having to do with Palpatine's Empire.[26] For the next decade and a half, Imperial rule—bolstered by the military created to fight in the Clone Wars—dominated the galaxy and was largely unchallenged. The Empire soon began to upgrade their military hardware, replacing V-wing and ARC-170 fighters with newer TIE models five years after the end of the Clone Wars, but Republic-era military equipment continued to be used for a while on distant outposts and locations such as Galidraan Station.[6] The Republic's Phase II clone trooper armor would be replaced by superior stormtrooper armor, whose development had been headed by the Imperial Department of Military Research.[26]

Throughout this period, dubbed the "dark times" by Jedi survivor Obi-Wan Kenobi, any survivors of Sidious' Jedi purge were systematically hunted down and killed either by Darth Vader[2] or any of the Emperor's additional agents among the Inquisitorius. When Zubain Ankonori and his nest of fellow Jedi (such as Khandra, Mususiel and Nuhj), for example, were all found by the Empire in hiding within the Jedi shrine on Anoat, they were forced to separate and flee, only to be tracked and killed by an Inquisitor one by one.[27] Within two decades, only a few known Jedi were still alive and in exile to avoid the Empire's wrath: Yoda went into hiding on Dagobah to continue his studies of the Force and watch from afar as other Jedi operated throughout the galaxy; Kenobi went into hiding in the Jundland Wastes on Tatooine as a strange hermit called "Old Ben" to give Vader's newborn son Luke Skywalker to the father's stepbrother Owen Lars and watch over the boy as he grew up on the Lars homestead; Uvell went into hiding in an abandoned Geonosian colony on a remote moon after giving antiques dealer Antron Bach numerous Jedi scrolls, lightsabers and other objects of historical significance to hide;[28] Ahsoka Tano went into hiding on the farming moon Raada as a mechanic called "Ashla" to make a life for herself in the farming community;[29] and Caleb Dume changed his name to Kanan Jarrus before going into hiding in Gorse City on the tidelly-locked Inner Rim planet Gorse as a bartender for The Asteroid Belt bar and freighter pilot carrying baradium bisulfate for Moonglow Polychemical between Gorse and its moon, Cynda.[30] In order to draw out any of these Jedi and the children capable of touching the Force who they might take as their Padawans, the Empire charged the Inquisitorius with not only tracking the Order 66 survivors down, but also preventing the Force-sensitive youth of the galaxy from being used against the Empire.[31] [32] The Empire also initiated Project Harvester, an clandestine operation designed to root out children with force sensitivity and detain them at an underground facility connected to the Arkanis Academy, located on the Outer Rim world of Arkanis.[33]

The Tarkin DoctrineEdit

"This bold vision of the future requires not only the service of those of immaculate reputation and consummate skill in the just exercise of power, but also the service of a vast military dedicated to upholding the laws necessary to ensure galactic harmony."
―An excerpt from the Tarkin Doctrine[src]
Moff Tarkin

Vader, Sidious, and Tarkin oversee the Death Star's construction.

Immediately following it rise, the Empire took over construction on a massive battle station with enough firepower to destroy an entire planet, later known simply as the Death Star, that had formerly been a Separatist project engineered by Geonosian archduke Poggle the Lesser's hive colony for Darth Tyranus, who was entrusted with the project's plans for safekeeping throughout the Clone Wars, with supplies coming from various planets and locations such as Sentinel Base and Geonosis.[17][2] The Emperor's long-term plan was to allow what he called the "skeleton of the Republic" to remain in place until the Death Star was completed; this included maintaining the Imperial Senate to make the systems believe that they still had a part to play in government. However, upon the superweapon's completion, the Emperor planned to dissolve the Senate and grant its legislative and administrative powers to the military-industrial complex. The Death Star would also provide order to the galaxy, as part of Grand Moff Wilhuff Tarkin's Doctrine of Terror, by making its inhabitants too afraid to defy an Imperial command and stand against the Empire.[34]

Expansion into the RimsEdit

"Eventually the Empire will claim the Outer Rim. It is not without precedence to go to the periphery to secure the center."
―Emperor Sheev Palpatine[src]
SloaneKanan

Sloane questions Jarrus during the Gorse conflict.

As the Galactic Empire grew, Palpatine had come one step closer to his ultimate plan of ruling the entire galaxy and unlocking the secrets of the Sith Masters that had come before him. With the near extermination of the Jedi Order and the Empire swelling in size and strength, the Emperor ultimately planned to possess the powers of the dark side to reshape reality itself into something of his own creation, and an omnipotent Empire would allow all the galaxy's inhabitants to be held in his dark embrace.[35][6]

As the early Empire expanded into the galaxy's periphery, most worlds would see their planets ecologically devastated, with rampant industrialization and mass-produced garments eroding local culture and ecological health. Men and women would see their sons and daughters drafted into Imperial service, while corrupt governors and magistrates would often exploit local populations on worlds such as Jelucan, Devaron and Tangenine. Parades, obligatory attendance at patriotic functions and the erection of barracks and garrisons on various worlds across the galaxy would become the norm. While the Empire turned a blind eye to various abuses, it still maintained a policy of zero corruption and maintained its high standards of conduct, resulting in numerous Imperial Security Bureau (ISB) officials actively hunting down corrupt and negligent officials, even resulting in investigations by Lord Vader himself. Despite this, many citizens were content with the geopolitical situation in the galaxy, believing that strict measures were necessary to maintain order and stability after the destructive Clone Wars. Many also believed that the Empire, while not the best, was a better alternative than anarchy and chaos,[35][36][6] with many tolerated and even supported the Empire, many worlds and their people would continue to hold separatist tendencies and even exude hostility, with those that fought in the Clone Wars seeing the transformation of the Empire from a source for order into a brutal bully in a quest for control. During this so-called Age of the Empire, worlds such as Naboo would see rampant beautification projects in an effort to produce idealized versions of life in the Empire as a whole, with the state-sponsored HoloNet continually citing new building projects, successful trade negotiations and endless economic prosperity. Many supported the growing view of the Empire as a nearly invincible force.

Despite its seemingly endless expansion, such as on Raada, where Imperial forces arrived on in order to harvest food which destroyed the quality of the moon's soil and presence led to an growing oppression that angered the people of Raada, to the point where they staged an uprising after weeks of planning, with the help of Ahsoka Tano, and the forces of Imperial Senator Bail Organa in secret, but a major turning point against the Empire's advance into the Outer Rim would occur eight years after the end of the Clone Wars and eleven years before the Battle of Yavin, with the Empire engaging in a small skirmish in the vital Inner Rim system of Gorse. This event would see the meeting of later rebels Hera Syndulla and Jedi survivor Kanan Jarrus, who were confronting efficiency expert Count Denetrius Vidian and his aggressive methods of extracting thorilide—a vital component in the construction of turbolaser batteries and thus essential for the expansion of the Imperial fleet. The Gorse conflict ultimately ended with the transferring of local thorilide mining operations to Imperial-aligned Baron Lero Danthe, while Hera Syndulla and Kanan Jarrus departed on the heavily modified VCX-100 light freighter Ghost, and would become essential to the eventual formation of the Rebel Alliance.[30][37] Meanwhile, more and more worlds within the Empire began to realize its true intentions: After various massacres on Kashyyyk and increasingly brutal tactics, such as the Empire committing genocide on the Lasat homeworld of Lasan, a growing number of citizens of the galaxy began to rebel against Imperial dominion. At least nine years after the proclamation of the New Order, the Corellian Resistance fought the Empire from its headquarters on the planet Corellia.[28]

In the Outer Rim, the Empire ended the Noble Court's independence, taking over and installing Adelhard as Governor of the Anoat sector that Nobles had ruled over, and issuing a number of kill orders on the nobles, claiming to have wiped out the Anoat nobility. However, many members of the Court survived and went into hiding as a government in exile, working to restore the kingdom. The Empire, meanwhile, did not grant independence to the Mandalore system following the end of the Clone Wars, instead beginning an occupation of Mandalore with Gar Saxon ruling as its Viceroy.[27][38]

Foreseeing a new threatEdit

"The Emperor has foreseen a new threat rising against him: the children of the Force. They must not become Jedi."
―Darth Vader, to the Grand Inquisitor[src]
Kallus shoots in the Senate

Agent Kallus and several stormtroopers engaging the Spectres

Around fourteen years into Palpatine' rule as Emperor, the Outer Rim world Lothal joined the Imperial Registration Program seeking protection and economic opportunities whereby local citizens would find work in the local Sienar Fleet Systems facilities.[39] Ostensibly this was to grow the local economy, but was in fact secretly part of a much larger five-year plan involving numerous Outer Rim worlds.[11] Lothal's industrial importance soon came to the fore for the Empire as the Emperor began to make plans to further expand Imperial dominion over the Outer Rim Territories and beyond. In order to maximize the worth of newly occupied systems, worlds such as Lothal soon bore witness to Imperial authorities relocating farmers away from their farmlands to mine for Imperial purposes, leading to the development of settlements such as Tangletown[25] and Lothal re-settlement camp 43, known by the residents as "Tarkintown."[29]

This aggressive dislocation of persons and high tax rate eventually led to the development of a small but serious insurgency in 5 BBY against the Empire on Lothal and other. Although the insurgency itself (and several others across the Imperial territories) was of little consequence, the Emperor did foresee a new threat rising against the Empire—the children of the Force. But the Empire overall did not fear that the various rebel cells could unite and form a more potent menace against the Empire and its interests in the Outer Rim. Imperial Military command maintained a list of known Rebel sympathizers on several Outer Rim worlds, including Lothal, but most of them were not arrested due to their having powerful allies in the Senate, a known hotbed of corruption and decadence.[40] Among these cells on Lothal was the Rebel crew of a VCX-100 light freighter called the Ghost, consisting of Jedi Purge survivor Kanan Jarrus, the Twi'lek pilot Hera Syndulla, the Lasat genocide survivor Garazeb Orrelios, a sixteen-year-old Mandalorian Imperial Academy dropout Sabine Wren and the now fifteen-year-old Ezra Bridger. When rumor on the discovery of Jarrus' Jedi identity and his duty on leading the insurgency begun to emerge, the Empire sent the leader of its Inquisitorius, the Grand Inquisitor, to track him down.[41][42]

Eventually, in 4 BBY, in a daring battle over Mustafar, the Ghost crew joined with a growing rebellion. The rebels, commanded by former Padawan Ahsoka Tano, were part of a larger rebel movement across the entire galaxy which included several cells, led by Tano and Imperial Senator Bail Organa, and purposely kept in darkness about the existence of one another to prevent information leaks and Imperial crackdowns. Following rumors of an Imperial defeat over Mustafar, spontaneous riots and unrest on several Imperial worlds occurred. The size of the rebellion had also caused concern in the higher ranks of the Empire. With the Grand Inquisitor's death, the Emperor sent his loyal enforcer, Darth Vader, to quash the threat to the Empire's reign.[43]

Vader attacks the Phoenix fleet

Lord Vader himself attacks the Phoenix fleet

Following the events on Mustafar, Lord Vader imposed a complete lockdown and blockade of the planet as a disillusioned Minister Tua contacted the Spectres to defect to the rebellion with Agent Kallus using this lure the rebels back to Lothal and to capture them but Tua was killed during the escape attempt. This prompted Kallus to frame the rebels for her murder and sent Imperial forces to search for them. The rebels managed to evade arrest by hiding in the Imperial Complex only to be met by Darth Vader and a duel; however, the rebels managed to escape in a stolen shuttle. Vader then ordered Kallus to raze Lothal re-settlement camp 43, known as Tarkintown, to punish the locals for accepting help from the rebels. After breaking the Imperial blockade, Vader attacked the Phoenix Squadron fleet that had been sent from the Organa-Tano alliance of rebel cells who had come to the aid of the Spectres and inflicted high casualties on it, forcing both rebel cells to retreat into hyperspace. With this, the Empire's operations had been a success and while remaining a threat after pushing the rebels off-world, had never the less fully regained control of the vital world of Lothal and caused a major setback to the rebellion.[44]

‎A growing rebellionEdit

"I will start my operations here, and pull the rebels apart piece by piece. They will be the architects of their own destruction."
Grand Admiral Thrawn[src]
Thrawn briefing

Grand Admiral Thrawn was a leading officer during the insurgency in the Outer Rim

After the insurgency on Lothal ended, the Empire realized that a greater rebellion had begun to develop in the Outer Rim and was growing with the help of the exiled Ghost Crew, Admiral Konstantine continued hunting for these rebels. He was accompanied by the Imperial Security Bureau Agent Kallus, who also had experience dealing with these rebels during the revolt on Lothal which had traveled to the desert planet of Seelos to make contact with several retired Clone troopers: Rex, Wolffe, and Gregor and hoped to win them over to their cause but Wolffe who distrusted the rebels sent a coded transmission that was picked up by the Relentless. Agent Kallus led a ground assault with three AT-AT walkers, Admiral Konstantine remained aboard the Relentless to render air support to Kallus' forces. However, the clones and rebels joined forces and put up a fierce fight and succeeded in immobilizing Kallus AT-AT walkers. The Admiral, however, had been unable to render air support because Lord Vader had ordered him to rendezvous with his shuttle in space[45] but instead of meeting Vader, Admiral Konstantine received another Inquisitor known as the Fifth Brother. When Konstantine raised his concerns that the diversion might have compromised Agent Kallus' mission, the Inquisitor merely replied that his struggles were of no concern to him and pledged to stop the rebels himself.[46]

The rebels later help delivered relief supplies to the famine-stricken planet Ibaar, which was being blockaded by an Imperial fleet. The Empire had doubled the Ibaarians work quotas and reduced their rations, creating a famine. The first attempt failed and ended with the destruction of the CR90 corvette transporting the supplies. Still, the rebel network persisted and the rebels succeeded in breaking through the blockade with the help of a Blade Wing prototype starfighter, which destroyed one of the Arquitens-class command cruisers. This enabled the rebels to deliver supplies to the Ibaarian resistance, which subsequently distributed the supplies.[47] While searching for a missing patrol in the Del Zennis system, Commander Sato, Ezra, and several other rebels were captured by an Imperial Interdictor, a prototype warship equipped with gravity well projectors capable of dragging ships out of hyperspace. In response, Kanan, along with Rex and Chopper, staged a rescue mission which ended with the destruction of the Interdictor, dealing a serious blow to Imperial forces.[48]

Lacking a permanent base, one rebel group—the Phoenix Squadron—hid in several spaceports scattered across the planet Garel, but the Empire learned of the rebel presence there and sent a fleet to crush them with most retreating.[49] Following the losses on Garel, Imperial Senator Organa sent his adopted daughter Princess Leia Organa to deliver three Hammerhead corvettes to the Rebellion. Since the Alderaanians could not be seen directly supporting the Phoenix rebels, Bail arranged for Leia to deliver the vessels to Lothal, where in secret the rebels would "steal" the ships. However, the local Imperial commander Yogar Lyste had fitted the Hammerhead corvettes with gravity locks, but this failed when the rebels managed to steal the vessel during a skirmish with Imperial forces.[50]

With the Empire hunting down the rebels throughout the Outer Rim Territories, the rebels decided to create a new route through the Lothal sector. Sabine identified the Concord Dawn system as a viable route that the rebels could use. The system was home to the Journeyman Protectors, a Mandalorian faction that was led by Fenn Rau, a veteran of the Clone Wars. Commander Sato sent Phoenix Leader Hera and Sabine on a mission to negotiate safe passage through the Concord Dawn system with Rau. However, Rau had already aligned the Protectors with the Empire and attacked Hera's mission, seriously wounding Hera and killing at least one Phoenix Squadron pilot. In retaliation, Sabine and Kanan infiltrated the Protectors' camp on the third moon of Concord Dawn and destroyed their Fang fighters. The rebels also managed to capture Rau, who agreed to give the rebels safe passage through the Concord Dawn system in return for keeping his capture a secret from the Empire.[51]

The light and the dark

Imperial Inquisitors fighting the Jedi and Maul

Eventually, a Inquisitor called the Eighth Brother was sent to seek a shadow on Malachor, within the depths of the Sith Temple on the planet's surface. At the same time Kanan, Ezra and Ahsoka from the rebellion arrived and immediately recognized him as the Nightbrother and former Sith Lord Maul, to who also the Inquisitors confirmed was alive and after the death of the three Inquisitors, Maul would turn on his Jedi allies and blinded Kanan. The rebels' problems were further complicated by the arrival of Darth Vader, who had come to take the secrets of the temple for himself. The Jedi managed to remove the holocron from the temple's obelisk, which triggered an implosion that damaged much of the temple. While the two Jedi managed to escape on the Phantom with Chopper, Ahsoka stayed behind to hold back Vader. The Imperial mission to Malachor was partial failure as both the Jedi and Maul escaped, but Jarrus was blinded in a duel against Maul while Ezra began exploring the dark side, and the rebellion Jedi leadership was broken.[52]

But the rebellion continued working on growing and expanding as the Spectres set out to the Reklam Station where the Empire was dismantling thousands of Republic era Y-wing starfighters where Imperial security forces failed to prevent both the destruction of the station and the rebels from stealing five Y-wings which were transferred to General Jan Dodonna's unit. Meanwhile, all the increased rebel activity led to Governor Arihnda Pryce of the Lothal sector requesting the aid of the Seventh Fleet to deal with the Phoenix Squadron, which was granted by Grand Moff Wilhuff Tarkin and led by Grand Admiral Thrawn, who was promoted for wiping out the rebel presence in the Batonn sector. While Agent Kallus was concerned about the high civilian casualties, Pryce justified Thrawn's actions on the ground that there were no more rebels there and was given control over the efforts to destroy the growing rebellion before it could become a true threat to the Galactic Empire's reign over the galaxy by setting out a strategy.[53] The rebels later, along with the Free Ryloth movement led by Cham Syndulla, went on a mission to Ryloth where they learned that Thrawn—who had studied the tactics used by the rebellion and now had direct command of Imperial forces—had made military advances in the Tann province.[54]

Later the Imperial Viceroy, Gar Saxon, discovered that the rebels were using the Concord Dawn system to avoid Imperial sector patrols. Saxon destroyed the Protectors' encampment on the third moon of Concord Dawn in an attempt to lure Fenn Rau back.[38] The Empire had planned to impose martial law on the planet Mykapo which rebels made efforts to evacuate rebel sympathizers. Upon arriving, the flotilla encountered a light freighter, which was engaged in a dogfight with an Imperial advance patrol calling themselves the Iron Squadron. Thrawn, who was aware of this Rebel presence in the system, dispatched an light cruiser to assess the situation who placed it under the command of Admiral Kassius Konstantine in order to test the officer's questionable capabilities. The admiral was successful in crippling the Iron Squadron's freighter, prompting the crew with the exception of Mattin to escape aboard the Phantom II with the Spectres. The rebels returned with reinforcements from Phoenix Squadron to rescue Mattin. During the skirmish, Konstantine's cruiser was badly damaged and most of his forces were destroyed. The rebels fled into lightspeed just as the Chimaera arrived in the system.[55]

Soon after, the rebels returned to Lothal and began an infiltration of the Imperial Armory Complex to obtain the blueprints for a prototype TIE fighter. However, their mission coincided with a visit by Grand Admiral Thrawn on behalf of Imperial High Command, who was investigating the high rate of sabotage within the factory. The rebels, however, escaped the factory with sensitive Imperial information with the help of the now disillusioned ISB Agent Kallus, who had become an informant for the rebellion. As a result of this rebel attack, Thrawn realized that the Empire had a traitor among their ranks.[56] Following this, there was an increase of the Imperial Navy presence such as capital ships in and around Lothal as part of Imperial orbital defenses.[57]

Beyond the Lothal system, rebellious activities increased such as on Geonosis where Captain Brunson responded to a triggered proximity sensor and discovered the Spectres vessel Ghost on the planet who had saved both Saw Gerrera after his Partisans scout team were killed. Hoping to earn herself and her crew promotions, she attempted to destroy the rebels using TIE bombers, rocket troopers, and finally by trapping the rebels in an underground cavern in attempt to bury them alive. When she used her cruiser to block their escape, this backfired as the Ghost fired two proton torpedoes resulting in the destruction of her ship with the rebels who were able to recover images of the poison canisters that were used for the sterilization of Geonosis in order to show the Imperial Senate and rally more systems to their cause.[58]

Thrawn later dispatched several E-XD infiltrator droids to search the Outer Rim for rebel bases. However, Kallus used the rebel identity Fulcrum to warn the bases Chief of Security Garazeb Orrelios about the threat. As a result, he and his fellow rebels Chopper and AP-5 managed to stop the infiltrator droid EXD-9 from infiltrating rebel base on Atollon. They then turned E-XD9 into an improvised bomb that destroyed a Star Destroyer. Despite their efforts, Thrawn was able to narrow the search for the rebel base to 94 systems.[59] The Empire lost a local ally in the form of Viceroy Gar Saxon, the Emperor's Hand and puppet ruler of Mandalore. Gar Saxon was defeated during a duel with the rebel Sabine Wren on the planet of Krownest. Saxon's death triggered a power vacuum among the Mandalorians. Sabine then joined forces with her mother Ursa Wren and the former Protectors' leader Fenn Rau to reunify the Mandalorians.[60]

Continuing his investigation into the rebel mole, Grand Admiral Thrawn began screening the Imperial sector command staff within the Lothal sector with the help of the Imperial Security Bureau Colonel Wullf Yularen, a veteran of the Clone Wars. Thrawn summoned several Imperial officials including Agent Kallus, Lieutenant Yogar Lyste, Captain Brunson, and Commander Brom Titus for questioning aboard his flagship Chimaera. After learning that Thrawn was intercepting Kallus' transmissions, the Spectres and Rex mounted a mission to rescue Kallus. During the course of the mission, Kallus joined forces with the rebels to delete the planet Atollon, which hosted Chopper Base, from Thrawn's database. However, Kallus elected not to escape with the rebels and instead framed his colleague Lyste as Fulcrum. Thrawn learned of Kallus' deception but kept this information secret since he hope to manipulate Kallus into uncovering the Phoenix rebel base.[61]

Galactic Civil WarEdit

"Even though I've only been in active service for a few weeks, it has already become evident to me that the Rebel Alliance is a far larger and more dangerous group than official broadcasts have ever acknowledged. We do not operate as a peacetime military. Our preparations are more appropriate for a time of war."
Officer Jude Edivon[src]

Eventually, the Alliance to Restore the Republic was formed in the few short years before the destruction of the Death Star at the Battle of Yavin, with the Alliance's Sixty-First Mobile Infantry striking at Imperial-held worlds such as Mygeeto, Crucival and Vir Aphshire for at least two months prior.[36]

Search for the missing plansEdit

"I have traced the Rebel spies to her. Now she is my only link to finding their secret base."
―Darth Vader[src]
Aldnds3

The Death Star closes in on Alderaan.

Nineteen years after the proclamation of the New Order, Rebel forces captured the plans for the Death Star, seeking to find a way to destroy the battle station. Imperial forces commanded by Darth Vader captured one of the leaders of the Alliance and the one who possessed the plans, Imperial Senator and Princess of Alderaan Leia Organa—who, unknown to Vader, was his own daughter.[1][62] While nearly all of the old institutions of the Republic had been swept away in the intervening decades, this provided Sidious the opportunity to finally wipe away the last vestiges of the old democracy, and dissolve the Imperial Senate permanently. With this, governance of the various systems of the Empire came to be directly under the purview of the Regional Governors and the Imperial Military.[2]

Organa's presence, and her refusal to give up the location of the Alliance's base precipitated Grand Moff Tarkin's decision to test-fire the newly completed Death Star's primary weapon on her homeworld, Alderaan. In an instant, the Imperial Military's superweapon utterly destroyed the populous, influential world. In so doing, Tarkin hoped not only to force Organa to submit, but also to strike fear into any others who sought to rebel against Imperial rule.[2]

Soon after the destruction of Alderaan, dubbed "the Disaster" by Alderaanian refugees, vigils for the dead were held on Coruscant's Level 3204, with many on the level having formerly lived on Alderaan. However, as soon as the circumstances behind the event became clear, the once peaceful vigils turned into violent riots, with many calling for justice and revolution against the Empire. Imperial stormtroopers and Coruscant underworld police were soon called in to restore the peace, and began arresting and eventually relocating those who questioned Imperial rule.[63]

Exds

The Death Star, at the moment of its destruction

Eventually, Organa was rescued from the Death Star by the unlikely alliance of Han Solo, a smuggler, Jedi survivor Obi-Wan Kenobi, who later sacrificed himself in his duel with Darth Vader, and her unknowing twin brother, Luke Skywalker. The group escaped the Imperial fortress and fled to the Alliance base on Yavin 4, pursued by the Death Star.[2]

At Yavin 4, the Empire and the Rebels engaged in a major battle, with the fate of the rebellion hanging in the balance. Despite destroying a great many of the Alliance's starfighters, the battle ultimately ended up a major defeat for the Imperial forces, when young Skywalker successfully fired the shot which destroyed the Imperial battle station. The Death Star was destroyed, marking the Rebellion's first major victory against the Empire.[2]

An Empire besiegedEdit

"We kept the skeleton of the Republic for nearly twenty years while the Death Star was constructed. Twenty years, my apprentice. All that planning is now a layer of dust orbiting around Yavin... Now, we no longer have the Senate to hold order. We do not have the Death Star to force it. Our greatest weapon is gone. Our production is in ashes. We are besieged. In all these years, we have never skirted closer to disaster."
―Darth Sidious to Darth Vader[src]

Now viewing the growing Alliance as a credible threat, Palpatine issued a communique the morning after the Death Star's destruction ordering all ongoing ISB operations be superseded for the immediate detention of known and suspected rebel sympathizers. Admiral Kendal Ozzel ordered the fleet into battle readiness.[64]

In an attempt to keep the Rebellion off balance, the Empire engaged in a policy of rushed and scrambled offenses across the galaxy and raided spice worlds such as Kerev Doi in an attempt to cut off possible sources of income for the Alliance.[35] With major military redeployments occurring around the clock, the Imperial Military began to mobilize for a full-scale galactic war, while the Rebellion began to push into the populous Imperial Mid Rim in a failed operation that only months later would become known as the Mid Rim Retreat, its ultimate demise owing in large part to the Empire's numerical superiority.[36] Following losses at Phindar and Portocari two weeks following the Battle of Yavin, members of the Nashtah Squadron learned at the Zero Angle bar on the Bright Jewel Oversector Flight Base on Axxila III that the military would undergo a mass reorganization, rescinding the classification between Imperial Navy and Imperial Army pilots.[65]

Unbeknownst to the Empire following the destruction of the first Death Star, the Rebel Alliance had successfully evacuated their base on Yavin 4 and was orbiting the remote world of Orto Plutonia in the Pantora system, located in the Sujimis sector, with the nearest Imperial presence being Moff Abran Balfour, who patrolled the world of Llanic situated at the intersection of the Llanic Spice Route and Triellus Trade Route. A brief skirmish erupted when Luke Skywalker, in the luxury yacht the Desert Jewel, attacked two TIE fighters assaulting a Kupohan ship. Unknown to Skywalker at the time, the ship was in reality carrying a Kupohan spy with vital intelligence regarding Drusil Bephorin, a Givin woman with a reputation for being able to slice into security systems at an astonishing rate and interpret encoded messages at breathtaking speed.[66] Desperately searching for the Alliance Fleet, the Empire sought to convince Drusil to use her cryptographic skills to aid them in their efforts and kept her in a sort of luxurious imprisonment on Denon in an effort to sway her favor. Secretly, Drusil offered to join the Alliance as long as the rebels could successfully extract her family to the ocean world of Omereth, a task given to Major Bren Derlin. After a side mission to the Deep Core, Luke Skywalker, R2-D2 and Nakari Kelen managed to successfully extract Drusil after an elaborate chase across the galaxy, hampering the Empire's plans for a retaliatory strike against the Rebellion.[66]

Luke and Sarco Plank in Eedit

Skywalker and Sarco Plank in the Temple of Eedit

In addition to rebel agents wreaking havoc internally, the Empire suffered desultory raids by rebel forces emboldened by their successful strike against the Death Star, with the rebels that destroyed it—Red Squadron—continuing to harass the Empire, especially during a mission above Giju where a transport carrying underground rebel leaders was evacuated from the planet. The Empire also continued to suffer setbacks from the Rebellion's golden boy, Luke Skywalker, including the trespass by the Jedi Purge survivor into the Temple of Eedit—an abandoned Jedi temple under guard of the Empire—on Devaron.[67]

Despite the temporary turmoil instilled by the Rebel's bold strikes, the Alliance sought to attempt even bigger operations to capitalize on its former success. Most notably an attempt to assault, infiltrate and destroy Weapons Factory Alpha located in the Corellian Industrial Cluster on Cymoon 1, reputedly home to the largest weapons factory in the galaxy. In the meantime, the Empire opened negotiations with the Hutt Clan, led by Jabba the Hutt, to secure raw materials for Imperial Military production and secure their support for their expansion in the Outer Rim. The Rebels were ultimately successful in destroying the factory, crippling Imperial production and causing another major setback.[68][69][70]

Vader concludes negotiations with Jabba

Vader concludes negotiations with the Hutt Clan.

For his failure to stop the destruction of both the Death Star and the loss of Cymoon 1, Vader was relieved of much of his authority by Emperor Palpatine and was assigned to serve in the Imperial Military instead of commanding it. As much of the Empire's military command had been lost with the Death Star, the Emperor appointed General Cassio Tagge, the Chief of the Imperial Army, to the rank of Grand General and assigned him command of Imperial Military matters due to his foresight to fear the Alliance Fleet and doubt the invincibility of the Death Star. The Emperor pressed the military to focus its efforts on the conquest of the Outer Rim and the destruction of the Rebellion for, with the Death Star gone and the Senate disbanded, the Empire lacked efficient means to keep dissenting systems in line. Additionally, Imperial statisticians noted predictable increases in piracy following the Death Star's destruction. As a result, the military was to preserve order by any means necessary until the second Death Star was completed.[71]

Under Tagge's command, the conquest of the Outer Rim progressed, with Tagge launching a significant crackdown on criminal elements that had gone unchecked in the past. The only criminal powers allowed to survive were the Hutts, per Vader's agreement with Jabba. The destruction of competitors also allowed the Hutts to capitalize on "new markets" supplied by the Empire.[72]

Mid Rim RetreatEdit

"[…] Our forces just chased half the Alliance out of the Mid Rim. How many other rebel ships managed to escape an engagement in this sector after sustaining damage—in the past week, say? How many others need repairs, as well? It's your hunt."
"It's our hunt. All of ours!
"
―Captain Tabor Seitaron and Prelate Verge on tracking down the rebel ship Thunderstrike during the Mid Rim Retreat.[src]

Following the destruction of the First Death Star, the Rebellion embarked on a massive military campaign to liberate hundreds of worlds under Imperial control by pushing into the heavily populated Mid Rim. With thousands of starships, hundreds of battle groups and dozens of worlds involved in the operation, it was initially met with stunning success as Imperial forces, unprepared for such a large-scale operation and shattered from the recent shake-ups in the Imperial hierarchy, fell back from world to world, allowing the Rebellion to press further into Imperial space. Taking the factory-deserts of Phorsa Gedd and the Ducal Palace of Bamayar, the Rebellion's advance gradually slowed as Imperial resistance stiffened. Eighteen months into the operation, fearing to overextend the fleet and occupied with the consolidation of worlds now under Rebel control, High Command ordered for the defense of occupied territories, and shortly thereafter the slow withdrawal of Alliance military resources back towards the Outer Rim.[36]

Assaulting Echo BaseEdit

"Make ready to land our troops beyond their energy field, then deploy the fleet so that nothing gets off the system."
―Darth Vader[src]

While the loss of both Tarkin and the Death Star itself were significant, Imperial resolve toward putting down the rebellion only increased. For the next three and a half years, Imperial forces under the direct command of Darth Vader relentlessly pursued the Alliance. While the hunt was personal for Vader, having learned that the young rebel Skywalker was actually his son, the Imperial Military nevertheless scoured the galaxy with Imperial probe droids.[7]

Battle of Hoth

The Empire crushes the Rebellion on Hoth.

Eventually, the Empire's search came to fruition when one of its probe droids located the Alliance's new base on the ice planet Hoth. The massive Imperial fleet, led by the command ship Executor, arrived in the system and deployed ground forces at the Moorsh Moraine, a glacial feature on the planet in preparation for a major assault on the Alliance forces at Echo Base. Overwhelmed, the rebels were forced to flee, and the Empire claimed a decisive victory.[7]

The Imperial pursuit of the rebels, however, did not stop at Hoth. The Imperial fleet continued to chase down the fleeing rebels, pursuing Leia Organa and now-General Han Solo into the Hoth asteroid belt. Though Solo's ship, the Millennium Falcon, did manage to elude Imperial pursuit, Vader engaged the services of bounty hunters to track down the fleeing Alliance leadership.[7]

One of these bounty hunters was successful in tracking Organa and Solo back to Cloud City on Bespin, enabling Imperial forces to capture them and lay a trap for Luke Skywalker. The trap was eventually sprung, and Skywalker learned of his true relation to Vader, but the Imperial forces found themselves betrayed and, at least initially, overwhelmed by Cloud City's local authorities. The rebel leaders escaped Imperial custody again, but not without cost. Skywalker was maimed in a duel with Vader, while Solo was frozen in carbonite and handed over to the bounty hunter. Battered and bruised, the Alliance was once again in flight from pursuing Imperial forces.[7]

Splintering of the RebellionEdit

"Since the destruction of the Alliance base over fifteen rebel outposts and seven members of the enemy leadership have surrendered. Emperor Palpatine is reportedly considering public trials for select combatants in the hope that others—witnessing their fair treatment—will follow their example and turn themselves in."
―Imperial HoloNet News[src]

Following the disastrous Battle of Hoth, the Alliance Fleet was scattered across the galaxy, and the absence of clear orders and the condition of Alliance High Command put the movement into its most critical stage in the war effort. With Imperial forces required to maintain the Mid Rim border and combat active war zones, vast numbers of Imperial forces from the Core Worlds were deployed to finally quash the Rebellion in the Outer Rim. This redeployment, however, left the Core's defenses enervated if only by a slight margin. Knowing the Empire's reliance on the Imperial shipyards at Kuat and their vital importance in planetary containment and fast infantry deployment, the Rebel Sixty-First Mobile Infantry launched Operation Ringbreaker, an initiative designed to destroy the Empire's orbital facilities at Kuat. Ultimately, the plan would falter and end on Sullust owing to logistical concerns.[36]

Conflict at EndorEdit

"Everything that has transpired has done so, according to my design. Your friends, out there on the sanctuary moon, are walking into a trap, as is your Rebel fleet. It was I who allowed the Alliance to know the location of the shield generator - it is quite safe from your pitiful little band. An entire legion of my best troops awaits them. Oh, I'm afraid the deflector shield will be quite operational when your friends arrive."
―Emperor Palpatine explaining his plan to Luke Skywalker during the Battle of Endor[src]

Six months after the Rebellion's catastrophic loss at Hoth, the Rebel Fleet split into small fragments across the galaxy in an attempt to avoid another propaganda victory for the Empire, further extending the Imperial fleet in an effort to engage them. Despite its previous advantages following the Battle of Yavin, the Rebellion was sitting on a knife's edge after learning of Emperor Palpatine constructing another battle station. Following the loss of the first Death Star, the Emperor made clear his determination to create another planet-shattering space station, this time more powerful than the first. Utilizing S-thread boosters to carve a secret hyperspace lane through the Outer Rim, the Emperor planned to destroy the rebels in a doomed engagement over the forest moon of Endor, construction site of the Death Star II, which, unbeknownst to the rebels, had a fully operational superlaser. Following the presumed destruction of a sizable portion of the Alliance's military capabilities, the Emperor planned to deploy some of the largest invasion fleets seen in centuries to blockade the known rebel strongholds of Mon Cala and Chandrila until the Death Star could destroy them, successfully eliminating any hope of a successful galactic resistance and thus permanently ending the Alliance to Restore the Republic through sheer terror and intimidation.[73]

With the Alliance Fleet assembling over Sullust, the Emperor decided to proactively approach the Rebel problem. Rather than guard the station's secrets, as with the first Death Star, Sidious opted to leak just enough information to bait the Alliance into striking at the station before it was completed—including the fact that he would be overseeing the final stages of the station's construction personally.[62] After the Bothan spynet successfully transmitted intelligence regarding the Empire's new and improved Death Star to Alliance High Command, an emergency summit was held on the remote trade world of Zastiga, far from the Galactic Core. There, Rebellion leaders and generals were to be informed of the construction of the second Death Star located over Endor which, they knew, had to be destroyed before it became operational. Needing to buy time for the scattered fleet to assemble over Sullust, Princess Leia Organa devised a strategy—Operation Yellow Moon—to divert Imperial attention to her instead of the upcoming mission to Endor.[73] Ultimately, with the successful completion of Yellow Moon, the Rebel Alliance had gained valuable time for its now consolidated fleet to finally be able to strike at an incomplete Death Star.[73]

Unknown to the Rebels, large portions of the Imperial Starfleet had already begun massing in the Hudalla system, while Imperial engineers had ensured that the new Death Star's main weapon was fully operational. Eventually, Imperial Military command had discreetly moved the gathered warships to a staging point on the far side of Endor's moon, where the Death Star was orbiting. Simultaneously, a legion of Imperial troops was deployed on the surface to stop any attempt at sabotaging the station's ground-based SLD-26 planetary shield generator, which neutralized any attempt at directly assaulting the station.[62]

EndorStrikeTeamCapture

The Alliance strike team is captured by the Emperor's troops.

Imperial intelligence reports indicated that Sidious' trap was indeed well underway when it was discovered that the Rebel fleet was massing at Sullust, as a staging ground for their strike at Endor. Per the Emperor's design and command, Imperial Military authorities were ordered to ignore the buildup so that the Rebels would commit their entire force to a doomed attack. When the Alliance fleet arrived en masse, the Emperor's trap was sprung. The Rebel ground forces had taken the bait and been captured, allowing the Death Star's shield to remain active, while the Imperial fleet moved into position to trap the Rebels. With the Alliance Fleet trapped between the bulk of the Imperial fleet and a shielded, fully operational Death Star, victory for the Empire seemed assured.[62]

On the surface of Endor, the tables were turned on the Imperial forces when they were unexpectedly attacked by the planet's indigenous Ewok population, who had allied themselves with the Rebels, giving the Alliance ground forces a free hand to destroy the Death Star's shield generator. With the shield down, Alliance starfighters were able to launch an assault on the Imperial station's reactor core.[62]

Battle of Endor

The Rebel fleet and the Imperial fleet engage each other.

Meanwhile, aboard the station, a blow of an entirely different kind was struck against the Empire. A captive Luke Skywalker, now a Jedi, convinced Darth Vader to turn on his master. Vader—once again Anakin Skywalker—seized the Imperial head of state and hurled him down a shaft to his death. Soon after, the Rebel starfighters successfully attacked the Death Star's reactor core. The station was destroyed—like its predecessor, lost with all hands.[62] With the loss of both the Emperor and his right-hand man, Vader, the destruction of the Death Star itself, and significant losses inflicted on the Imperial fleet, the Imperial remnants were forced to withdraw to the Annaj system.[74] The Empire had suffered a decisive defeat.[62]

Fragmentation of the OrderEdit

"This isn't some kind of inspirational story. Some scrappy, ragtag underdog tale, some pugilistic match where we're the goodhearted gladiator who brings down the oppressive regime that put him in the arena. They get to have that narrative. We are the ones who enslaved whole worlds full of alien inhabitants. We are the ones who built something called a Death Star under the leadership of a decrepit old goblin who believed in the 'dark side' of some ancient, insane religion."
"Were this a better day, you'd be executed for treason, General Shale."
[…]"Then why do governors turn away from us every day? Why do we lose more ships every week? Why do we see holovids of freed worlds throwing parades and tearing down statues? They did so much with so little, Pandion. You misunderstand our place in history.
"
―General Jylia Shale and Moff Valco Pandion[src]
Endor base assault begins

The Rebel assault against the Imperial outpost on Endor, the day after the Death Star II's destruction

With the destruction of the Death Star and death of the Order's totalitarian ruler, many worlds across the galaxy began to celebrate the Empire's defeat over Endor with the incorrect notion that the war was over.[75] Despite being at the heart of the Galactic Empire, the Imperial Center would also see tumultuous festivities by its populace, eventually leading to a riot breaking out in Monument Plaza that would eventually coalesce into a full-scale civil war.[8] Owing to the lack of a clear system of succession following the Emperor's death, chaos gripped the galaxy as former Imperial expansionism stalled. Both members of the Imperial Council and various other military warlords attempted to grab onto what territories they could, while tailored propaganda messages often contradicted each other. Some refused to legitimize the New Republic, and thus banned referring to it by name. Others portrayed it as a monstrous terrorist organization, swallowing up Imperial worlds for plunder and conquest, while others still refused to even acknowledge the Emperor's death for months.[5][8] Governor Adelhard, who was in charge of the Anoat sector, attempted to downplay the Empire's defeat over Endor and cover up the Emperor's death. Shutting down all travel and communications in and out of the Anoat sector, Governor Adelhard established the Iron Blockade and formed his own remnant faction Citizens who dared to fight back and speak of so-called "rumors" of the Empire's defeat were hunted and eliminated by Commander Bragh and his Purge Troopers.[76] While some such as Grand Moff Lozen Tolruck of Kashyyyk suggested that the Emperor had escaped the Death Star II through miraculous means, others claimed the even wilder notion that the Emperor was still leading the Empire from beyond the grave.[8]

Battle of Cawa City

The Alliance assaults Imperial positions on Sterdic IV.

With the Empire fragmented, the Rebel Alliance embarked on numerous campaigns such as the Beltire Liberation and the Battle of Cawa City[77] to capitalize on its stunning success over Endor, resulting in numerous Imperial defeats. Twenty days after Endor, the posthumous contingency plan of the late Emperor known as Operation: Cinder would be delivered to numerous Imperial captains by messenger droids. The plan would order the scouring of his homeworld of Naboo along with at least a dozen other worlds such as Burnin Konn, Candovant, Abednedo, and Commenor with climate disruption arrays. Utilizing N-1 starfighters dating 36 years earlier to the Battle of Naboo, the Alliance managed to destroy the satellites along with the aid of an MC80 star cruiser and the Alliance Fleet. Despite the Order's defeat over Naboo, the Empire would still attempt to execute the operation on numerous worlds in the three months following the Battle of Endor.[78][79]

After the Battle of Endor, illicit holovids of the Emperor's defeat over Endor and rebel propaganda detailing the liberation of worlds such as Naboo began to disseminate throughout the galaxy, with many risking arrest and execution for spreading what the Empire deemed lies. However, the increasing view that the Empire was weakened, reinforced by the insistence of authorities claiming otherwise, prompted thousands of planets to join the Alliance, while Imperial Military defections steadily began to increase. In order to counter the reports of the Emperor's demise, a proxy actor was installed in his place, but some citizens noticed slight differences in the facsimile. Eventually, the truth of the Emperor's demise became known to the general citizenry. Declarations of a new Emperor were announced almost every day, but none were able to consolidate any substantial power. Former aide to Emperor Palpatine since the Clone Wars, Grand Vizier Mas Amedda attempted to keep the Empire together while splinter fleets and other Imperial officials fought each other to support the various claimants to the throne.[35]

Eventually, the Galactic Empire had to contend with the New Republic, a rival galactic government formed in the wake of the Rebel Alliance's victory at Endor. Suffering a string of defeats against the Republic including the loss of Sevarcos and Malastare, along with a failed attempt to restart the former Separatist droid foundries on Geonosis, the Empire gradually began to crumble. Self-appointed Grand Moff Valco Pandion and other military leaders began to jockey for power, while corrupt sector governors accepted payments for the Republic's allocation of Imperial ships or sued for peace at the earliest convenience.[9] The captains of two of the Empire's thirteen Executor-class Star Dreadnoughts even surrendered to the New Republic.[8]

With most of the Empire's veteran troops killed on the second Death Star or Vader's command ship Executor, military paucity and tactical clumsiness soon hampered the Empire's efforts at a concerted strike aimed against the Republic. The Imperial Military began suffering numerous losses of warships and troops, and began expending more ordinance than it could produce fighting Republic forces. This ultimately led to a supply deficit forcing Imperial-class Star Destroyers to make do with an inadequate supply of TIE/LN starfighters and resulted in both the Imperial Navy and Imperial Army utilizing untrained personnel pulled early from the numerous Imperial academies across the Empire. Consequently, many planets were either captured or seceded to the New Republic. With the loss and failure of three successive sieges to retake the Mid Rim world of Naboo, birthplace to the Emperor and thus an influential rallying point for the New Order's shattered forces, the Empire retreated to numerous fallback positions on strategically unimportant worlds such as Naalol, often drawing the New Republic into long and indecisive conflicts, forestalling its slow push toward the Core Worlds. Despite these efforts, the Republic had already established its capital on Chandrila, a planet located within the Core.[9]

Purge on AkivaEdit

"The rebels—because that's what they are, rebels, criminals, deviants—did what they did with almost no war machine in place. Insurgents, all of them. They managed a few lucky shots with their slingshots but we still have the ships, the men, the training. The money."
―Moff Valco Pandion[src]

Despite the lack of a clear chain of command, old loyalists and a common fear of the rising Rebellion kept a vague semblance of unity between the surviving Imperial forces. Existing on a knife's edge, many officers wondered when someone of prominence would break away from commonality and begin to overtly act against the greater body, ushering in chaos and anarchy. To avoid this, the surviving Imperial leaders and their military forces converged on the Outer Rim planet of Akiva in an attempt to evade New Republic detection and stabilize the remaining factions of the Empire in the months following Endor, with various portions of the Outer Rim still occupied by Imperial forces. During the Akiva summit, various Imperial delegates discussed the future of the Empire in the aptly named Imperial Future Council.[9]

Amid the conference, the various Imperial leaders were divided over how the Empire should deal with their newfound situation, and whether or not it would be wise to continue the war, or enter into a state of cold war. Additionally, the continued funding of the Imperial Military was hotly disputed, with some arguing that plundering the InterGalactic Banking Clan and other monetary bodies would plunge the galaxy into an economic depression. The notion of abandoning the Empire's dark-side devotion was even discussed, while Imperial Advisor Yupe Tashu—a long-time admirer of Palpatine and dark-side cultist—suggested sending the Imperial remnants to the outskirts of the galaxy to search for the source of the dark-side. With the more pressing objective to organize and thus strike out against the New Republic before it could grow any stronger, the delegates soon began discussing who should lead the Empire as the new Galactic Emperor.[9]

Before any real progress could be made, Akiva was ultimately liberated after a New Republic fleet arrived, forcing the Imperials to scatter once more and resulting in Akiva to be the first Outer Rim planet to formally join the New Republic. In reality, Imperial Fleet Admiral Gallius Rax, a warlord who controlled one of the larger fragments of the fallen Empire, had been secretly manipulating the entire event in an attempt to weed out those that he saw as weak in the Empire under the guise of "The Operator", and had been giving the New Republic secret Imperial intelligence for quite some time following Endor.[9]

War of AttritionEdit

"This is Grand Admiral Rae Sloane, commander of the Imperial Navy and de facto leader of the Galactic Empire. The Empire remains vigilant in combating the anarchist criminal government calling itself the New Republic. The dream of a safe, sane, and unified galaxy did not die with the glorious Emperor Palpatine. The Galactic Empire continues to march forward, tirelessly diligent in its quest to return order and stability where none before existed. Meanwhile, the New Republic continues its own mission to destroy what we have built together. Crime has returned to the galaxy tenfold as the underworld dynasties have regained dominance over worlds once kept free of their toxic influences by the Empire. Supply lines have been cut, and many worlds are now starving without adequate food. The corrosive influence of the New Republic has caused a seemingly insurmountable loss of jobs, income, and even lives. But fear not. The Empire remains, as sure as a mountain, as certain as the stars across all the systems. We will defeat the insurgency. We will make this false government pay for its crimes against you. Even now we are building new ships, new bases, and founding new technologies to keep you safe. The Empire is coming. We will deliver you from harm. And we will strike back against our enemies. Remain calm. remain loyal. With true hearts, victory for us—and for the whole galaxy—will soon be at hand."
―Grand Admiral Rae Sloane, in a OIP propaganda piece.[src]

Roughly two months after the Battle on Akiva, the Galactic Empire's territorial possessions were rapidly shrinking. Numerous systems left the Empire or waged their own resistance movements, declared their independence, and established their own fiefdoms or joined the New Republic. Criminal syndicates flourished in this atmosphere of conflict, especially the reptilian pirate Eleodie Maracavanya, who had captured the SSD Annihilator and used it to forge her own criminal empire. Various moffs and governors rebelled against the Empire, while the question of what exactly the Empire was saw itself asked more and more often. Agencies, personnel, and whole planetary systems started to drift apart, each adopting differing tactics and methods for combating the New Republic, and each other.[8]

Grand Vizier Mas Amedda was acting as Emperor after Palpatine death but in reality was nothing more then a proxy Emperor who held little real influence beyond the throneworld of Coruscant with his reign being met with whole sectors of Coruscant started to revolt and was entrenched in government districts. Rax refused to allow Sloane to send reinforcements to Amedda as the throneworld had no place in his vision of a renewed Empire. Sometime later he met with Chancellor Mon Mothma and Senator Leia Organa who refused his surrender during a meeting on Velusia and demanded he instead find a way to gain full control of the Galactic Empire and ordering him to work towards signing a treaty of surrender to clear his name.[8]

Upon his return back to Coruscant, Amedda considered suicide by jumping off of one of the Imperial Palace's balconies. However, he changed his mind after meeting Sloane. After Sloane inquired about the identity of Fleet Admiral Gallius Rax, Amedda decided to strike an alliance with her. In return for assisting her investigation into Rax's background, Amedda agreed to align with Sloane. Sloane believed in the New Order that developed after the Clone Wars as opposed to Rax, who wished for an renewed Empire ruled by the dark side as it was under Darth Sidious. Following their agreement, Amedda revealed the droids that contained the information she sought were aboard the wreckage of the Imperalis on the junk moon Quantxi.[8]

As the war grew more desperate, TIE fighter pilots even began suicide attacks on entrenched Republic positions, and wholesale massacres of native populations were executed by various commanders. The HoloNet, now free of Imperial censorship, brought such atrocities to the public spotlight. Other Imperial officials went AWOL and holed up in distant, hyper-secure outposts to avoid the Republic Tribunal and its sentencing of Imperial war criminals. Additionally, the Emperor's Super Star Destroyer, the Eclipse, had disappeared from the galaxy.[8]

Gallius Rax's hourEdit

While the Empire appeared to be receded as the New Republic grew in size, Fleet Admiral Gallius Rax—who had earlier staged the IFC to eliminate rivals in his ascent to power—consolidated more and more systems to his cause. Publicly, Grand Admiral Rae Sloane was recognized as the de facto leader of the Empire's largest remnant faction and Imperial Navy, but was in reality nothing more than a pawn in Rax's game. Despite having been a personal friend to Palpatine, Rax saw the Empire of old as weak, corrupt, and overripe. To him, by allowing the New Republic to gain ground, he not only eliminated potential competition, but consolidated the leftover pieces of the Order.[8]

Unbeknownst to the Republic, Rax had secretly moved hundreds of Star Destroyers and thousands of light ships to hide in the Vulpinus, Almagest, Recluse's, Queluhan, Ro-Loo Triangle, and Inamorata nebulae following Endor. With the shipyards of Kuat, Xa Fel, Anadeen, and Turco Prime having already been lost or contested, Rax planned to use the Empire's last foothold in the Outer Rim as a "strangling cord" to tie around the New Republic. While the Empire of old relied on third-party corporations to produce its military hardware, Rax had nationalized all aspects of the production chain to be solely Imperial. To conclude his plan, Rax founded the Shadow Council after rescuing the final member of the council, Brendol Hux, from Arkanis. This "Shadow Council" was to serve as a secret advisory board comprised of the "best and brightest," with the ultimate motive of secretly guiding the Empire into a new golden age.[8]

Roughly three months after the Battle of Akiva, Rax sent Rae Sloane on a mission to the New Republic's capital with the overtures of signing a peace treaty who reassured her that her mission to Chandrila would cement her role as Emperor. The signing coincided with the New Republic's celebration of Liberation Day, a holiday celebrating the release of captives from the Imperial prison Ashmead's Lock on Kashyyyk, with many of the captives having been held in suspended animation since the days of the early Rebellion. In reality, the survivors were a part of an elaborate assassination scheme by Rax. Executed by his lackey, Windom Traducier—a disillusioned Senate Guard—by utilizing inhibitor chips that had been installed within the survivor's brains. As the New Republic officials shepherded the liberated prisoners and their families onto a stage, Rax ordered Grand Moff Randd to prepare the Imperial fleets to travel to a series of coordinates, which turned out to be the planet Jakku. Rax also convened a meeting of the Shadow Council.[8]

The survivors then attacked and fired on the crowd after the chips' activation by Traducier, with the survivors targeting Chancellor Mon Mothma and various members of the Republic military during a dedication speech to their rescue. Watching the carnage from the balcony, Sloane realized that this terror attack was the "attack" Rax had foreshadowed to her. Already disagreeing on Rax's methods for administering the Empire, Rae announced her intention to confront Rax aboard the Ravager to her aide, Adea Rite, a secret supporter of Rax. As a result, Rite attempted to assassinate Sloane but she managed to escape offworld. Traducier then freed Tashu from the Republic and told him that he still served the late Emperor Sheev Palpatine even after Rax had given himself the title of Emperor. The attacks demoralized the New Republic but failed to turn the tide of the war against the Empire, which lost Kashyyyk following an uprising led by Han Solo and Chewbacca.[8]

Claiming that Sloane had been captured during the attack on Chandrila, Gallius Rax proclaimed himself Counselor to the Empire and took over leadership of the Imperial remnants. When Borrum asked why they were traveling to the barren world of Jakku, Rax responded that he wanted to "test" the mettle of his new armada above the planet.[8] In secret, Rax planned to eliminate the other Council members with the exception of Brendol Hux as part of the Emperor's posthumous Contingency. The late Emperor had decreed prior to his death that the Empire would not be allowed to outlive him because it had failed to protect its leader.[16]

Meanwhile, Sloane joined forces with the former rebel Brentin Lore Wexley to hunt down and kill Rax. While Sloane had received information from the bounty hunter Mercurial Swift that he had discovered that Rax had come from Jakku, the two then traveled to the desert planet. After landing, Brentin and Rae visited a bar owned by Corwin Ballast in an attempt to find information about Rax. Ballast yielded no information but the pair soon got their answer when they witnessed Rax's Super Star Destroyer Ravager exiting hyperspace with his massive Imperial armada, the Emperor had returned home.[8]

Showdown on JakkuEdit

Battle of Jakku

The Imperial-class Star Destroyer Inflictor crashes onto the surface of Jakku

For several months, Counselor Rax's forces waited on Jakku for the New Republic to launch their attack. Under Rax's leadership, the Imperial remnant forces on Jakku was tested and exhausted by the harsh conditions on the desert world. Rax claimed that hardship was part of the purification process of building a stronger and ideologically purer Empire. In line with Rax's cult-like philosophy, Imperial training became harsher and more savage while dissidents were harshly treated. With the help of Brendol Hux, Rax kidnapped local orphans and street children and trained them into a force of child killers led by Brendol's young son Armitage Hux.[16]

Meanwhile, New Republic forces launched mopping-up operations against Imperial holdouts on Kashyyyk and Cloud City. Norra Wexley and her team eventually discovered the Imperial presence on Jakku. Her son Temmin Wexley and the former Imperial loyalty officer–turned–New Republic operative Sinjir Rath Velus managed to warn Princess Leia and Chancellor Mothma. However, the New Republic's Galactic Senate was deadlocked on the matter of interceding on Jakku due to the machinations of the Black Sun and Red Key crime syndicates. After Han Solo, Sinjir, and his team helped secure the necessary votes, the Senate voted to send New Republic forces to Jakku.[16]

A year and four days after Endor in 5 ABY, the Empire and the New Republic fought a major battle over and on the Inner Rim planet Jakku as the rebels sought to defeat the Empire and expand their territory into a vital sector in the galactic war. With the Empire controlling most of the galaxy's major shipyards, the Republic sought to expand their fleet by capturing Imperial vessels, along with destroying a secret Imperial weapons facility on the planet.[80][10] The battle took place in space and the barren deserts of Jakku as New Republic forces sought to destroy the Imperial presence on the planet.[16]

At first, the battle was initially in the Empire's favor. Under the command of Grand Moff Randd, the Imperial fleets formed a tight defensive formation around the Super Star Destroyer Ravager. This impenetrable formation blunted the New Republic naval onslaught and enabled the Ravager to periodically bombard the New Republic fleet. On the ground, General Hodnar Borrum's forces put up a stiff resistance against the New Republic. As the battle raged, Counselor Rax, Adviser Yupe Tashu, Brendol and Armitage Hux, and the child soldiers traveled to the Jakku Observatory. There, Rax had a replica of the Emperor's yacht Imperialis waiting to take them to secret coordinates in the Unknown Regions. The Observatory also concealed a borehole which led to Jakku's core. Rax and Tashu planned to initiate a dark side ritual that would cause the planet to explode, destroying the orbiting Imperial and New Republic fleets as part of the Contingency.[16]

The tide of the Battle of Jakku turned in the New Republic's favor when the New Republic Captain Kyrsta Agate's Mark One Starhawk Concord took advantage of a gap in the Imperial formation to bombard the Ravager. Through the Concord was crippled by the Ravager, she managed to drag the larger ship down to Jakku's surface using her powerful tractor beams. With the Imperial command ship destroyed, New Republic forces were able to outflank the Imperial forces on all fronts. With the battle turning against the Empire, the surviving Imperial forces began pulling ships onto the planet's surface utilizing their tractor beams, killing most of the occupants in an instant.[16]

Rax's plot to detonate Jakku was ultimately foiled by the combined efforts of Grand Admiral Sloane and her former adversaries Norra and Brentin Wexley. Following Rax's death, Sloane inherited the final stages of the Contingency and accompanied Brendol, Armitage, and the child soldiers into the Unknown Regions where they found the Eclipse, which had in fact been sent into hiding. Meanwhile, Grand Vizier Amedda escaped house arrest with the help of a group of child resistance fighters known as the Anklebiter Brigade. After initiating contact with Chancellor Mothma, Amedda signed the Instrument of Surrender and the Galactic Concordance with the New Republic; ending the Galactic Civil War. Under the terms of the Instrument of Surrender, the Empire was ordered to surrender, the centralized Imperial government on Coruscant desolved, and all Imperial military officers were designated as war criminals.[16]

Fall of the EmpireEdit

"In the month since the Battle of Jakku, the Empire has attempted no further large-scale offensives. Sources report all Imperial vessels within the Core and Inner Rim staying within the boundaries defined by the treaty. A few prominent members of the Provisional Senate have speculated that the New Republic's war with the remnants of the Empire has finally come to an end and that a final surrender may be imminent. However, in her address today, the chancellor warned that all planets should remain on high alert, and that the New Republic Starfleet should be kept on a war footing for the foreseeable future."
―A news holo a month following the Battle of Jakku[src]

Despite the Galactic Concordance, Imperial ground forces on Jakku held out for several months before surrendering. In addition, the New Republic had to contend with scattered Imperial remnants across the galaxy[16] including Grand Moff Randd's and Commander Nash Windrider's forces which had regrouped in the Queluhan Nebula for a renewed offensive against the New Republic.[35] Some surviving Imperials fled into the Unknown Regions while the surface of Jakku would became littered with wreckage from the battle for decades to come.[10]

Following the signing of the Galactic Concordance, treaty stipulations would ban the recruitment and mobilization of stormtroopers, and the Imperial remnants would be force to pay heavy war reparations and adhered to strict disarmament treaties. The treaty also ordered the abandonment of the numerous Imperial Academies scattered across the Empire, the surrender of Coruscant to the New Republic, and banned torture.[10] The Empire was also required to remain within pre-determined boundaries in the Core Worlds and the Inner Rim.[35] Meanwhile the New Republic began arriving in the remaining Imperial sectors to announce the signing of the Galactic Concordance.[81] The Empire withered away into a remnant of hardliners locked in a cold war with the New Republic. Eventually, many elements of the former Imperial Navy fled to the Unknown Regions, where they were instrumental in the foundation of the First Order, a successor state to the Galactic Empire.[5]

LegacyEdit

"One conqueror replaces another..."
Sinjir Rath Velus[src]
ThisIsTotallyNotHothAndJakkuIsNotTatooine-TFAT2-4KPub

Stormtroopers of the First Order

After the eventual collapse of the Galactic Empire in the years after the war and with many members of the political, military, and scientific establishment escaping into the Unknown Regions following the Galactic Concordance, what was left of the Empire split apart and broke into autonomously governed star systems and larger regions in the form of both numerous nations and remnant factions who that wished for their own independence from the now dominant Republic.[15] The New Republic would maintain an egalitarian policy of peaceful coexistence with many of these galactic governments, which were comprised of former territories led by Imperial governors, some of which sought to join the Republic.[81] While the Empire, the heroes of the Rebellion, and the tragedy of Alderaan would be remembered by the generation of children conceived following the destruction of the Death Star II. These "victory kids," would learn of the battles of the past in textbooks, with the struggles of the Galactic Civil War soon becoming nothing more than a distant memory.[81] Many of the Old Empire's orbital shipyards would be destroyed,[82] and the New Republic would pass the Military Disarmament Act, among others, in an effort to avoid repeating the mistakes of the Galactic Republic, and would rotate its capital among members worlds rather than use the former Imperial Center.[10]

Imperial collectors of stormtrooper helmets, banners, flags and other regalia of the Imperial armed forces often gave themselves outlandish titles—such as the Avenger of Jakku, Emperor's Wrath, and Interceptor Fire—in a quasi-homage to the late Empire. Others admired the fallen regime for its efficiency, vision, and massive military machine.[81]

With the Empire's collapse, many of the Emperor's servants fled into the Unknown Regions with some of the regime's greatest secrets. There for nearly three decades after Endor, an Imperial successor state would coalesce as the mysterious First Order. Situated in the galaxy's vast frontier, the First Order rapidly expanded and colonized newly discovered star systems, while new bases, shipyards, and weapons labs began churning out a technologically advanced military in a bid to conquer the galaxy. Inspired by the previous Galactic Empire and composed of various military leaders of the former regime, the First Order fought for control of the galaxy against the Resistance, a private military force led by General Leia Organa and funded by like-minded senators in the New Republic who believed the Order posed a greater threat than many believed.[10]

GovernmentEdit

"Must I attend to every trivial matter, Vizier?"
"I apologize, my lord. But I believe you will want to attend to this one."
―Emperor Palpatine and Vizier Amedda[src]

Rulers of the EmpireEdit

"Today is Empire Day, celebrating the fifteenth anniversary of the galaxy's salvation, when our great Emperor Palpatine ended the Clone Wars and founded our glorious Empire."
―Imperial Holonet anchorman Alton Kastle during the fifteenth annual Empire Day[src]
Declaration

Sheev Palpatine was the first ruler of the Galactic Empire.

Amongst high-ranking military personnel, Galactic Emperor Sheev Palpatine name was spoken with fear along with his Sith apprentice, Darth Vader. Frequently styled as a "Lord", and treated with a similar fearful deference as Palpatine, many considered Vader to be the Emperor's right hand man—a living weapon—and viewed him as the natural successor to the Emperor's legacy.[7][62] In reality, the Emperor planned to live forever by uncover the secrets to immortality via Dark Side research into Sith alchemy,[6] as epitomized by Project Blackwing.[83] Ergo, the Empire lacked a clear chain of succession following both the Emperor and Vader's deaths.[6]

Following Tarkin's death during the Battle of Yavin, much of his operational responsibilities passed to newly promoted Grand General Tagge, who pursued a more pragmatic solution to the Empire's problems than "Tarkin's folly," the demeaning term later applied to the initial Death Star project. Following both the Emperor and Darth Vader's death four years later, Imperial head of government and Grand Vizier Mas Amedda attempted to keep the Empire together, while new pretenders to the Imperial throne announced their ascension to power on a near daily basis.[6]

Grand Admiral Sloane

Grand Admiral Rae Sloane become the public figurehead of the Galactic Empire after Palpatine's death.

In the months following the Battle of Endor, head of government Amedda became a proxy Emperor in all but name and in politics and was nothing but a figurehead. Grand Admiral Rae Sloane became publicly recognized as the de facto head of the Galactic Empire and Imperial Navy. In reality, power was held by Fleet Admiral Gallius Rax and his Shadow Council and encouraging Sloane to present her candidacy for empress. After the covert Imperial-backed Liberation Day terror attack on Chandrila, Sloane's aide Adea Rite executed a failed assassination attempt on the Grand Admiral per secret orders of Rax after Sloane refused to join his forces. Rax then denied claiming the mantle of Emperor in a political move, instead choosing the title Counselor to the Empire, vowing to act as an interstitial leader until the Grand Admiral's return.[8]

The Galactic Empire would see several rulers across its lifespan, including:

Executive branchEdit

"Due to the nature of the find, ISB wasted no time in bringing the matter to the attention of the Ruling Council, as well as to our counterparts in Military Intelligence."
―ISB Deputy Director Harus Ison[src]
GreejatusAndFriends-ROTJ

Advisors Aloo and Greejatus meet with the Emperor Palpatine and Lord Vader aboard the second Death Star.

Aiding Emperor Palpatine and his executive powers was the Imperial Ruling Council led by the head of government Grand Vizier Mas Amedda and made up of the Emperor's closest advisors Sate Pestage, Janus Greejatus, Ars Dangor, Kren Blista-Vanee and Prelate Verge who all constituted the uppermost tier of the governing system, who handled the majority of the day to day affairs within the Imperial bureaucracy and wielded considerable powers over officers within the military who moffs, generals and admirals all responded to them but councilors were not always privy to the details known to the Imperial Intelligence as information was closely guarded the capital planet of Coruscant. After the Emperor had retired from public life, Vizier Amedda and the rest of the Ruling Council took to dispatching processions of Imperial skylimos to maintain an illusion that the Emperor still moved about in public.[6]

Amedda Pasqual

Amedda served as head of the Ruling Council and as an Intermediary for the Emperor.

With their inability to successfully run the Empire following death of Emperor Palpatine during the Battle of Endor in 4 ABY as ambitious members attempted to carve up their own personal territories within the Empire, the Fleet Admiral Gallius Rax proposed a new executive branch called the Shadow Council that would be a more covert and militaristic body then the Ruling Council that it sought to replaced, which was comprised of various advisors and Admirals, with Grand Admiral Rae Sloane as the group's de facto leader.[8][84]

Legislative branchEdit

"For the first time in one thousand generations our sector governors will not be working solely to enrich Coruscant and the Core Worlds, but to advance the quality of life in the star systems that make up each sector—keeping the spaceways safe, maintaining open and accessible communications, assuring that tax revenues are properly levied and allocated to improving the infrastructure. The Senate will likewise be made up of beings devoted not to their own enrichment, but to the enrichment of the worlds they represent."
Wilhuff Tarkin, describing the Emperor's New Order[src]
Galacticsenate

The Imperial Senate served as the New Order legislative organ until it was disbanded.

Emerging as an autocracy, the democratic and forward-thinking policies of the former Republic Senate became obsolete within the new corridors of power after it's imperialization. Thus, the Imperial Senate would be reduced to the lower tier of government and gradually lost the prestige it once held as the forum for galactic debate, as increasing numbers of senators became entangled into Emperor Sheev Palpatine's web of corruption, which began earlier during the Clone Wars.[85] With the once powerful Senate firmly in Palpatine's hands, passing legislation became a mere formality for the New Order, while Senators and galactic citizens were made to believe that they had a voice in galactic politics.

Rebel senators

Senators held little real power under the Emperor's watch.

In reality, Palpatine held unlimited executive power, and was the only one who could formally pass legislation. While most feared to speak out against the Emperor, a few such as Bail and Leia Organa of Alderaan actively questioned the accountability of the Empire and its actions, much to the ire of Imperial authorities. Suspicions eventually began rising over Leia Organa using her diplomatic immunity to help the Rebel Alliance. The Senate were also lied about the destruction of Jedha City by the Empire, claiming that it was a mining accident.[86] After her capture aboard the Tantive IV, which was known to be carrying technical readouts for the Death Star, the Emperor used the incident as an excuse for disbanding the Imperial Senate shortly before the Battle of Yavin.[2] With the dissolution of the Senate and the last remnants of the Old Republic have been swept away, the legislative authority over the various systems and sectors passed directly to the regional governors—effectively transitioning governance into military jurisdiction, who answered directly to the Emperor.[2]

OrganizationEdit

"Efficiency is predictability. The Empire is nothing if not efficient."
―Everi Chalis[src]

Administration and bureaucracyEdit

"The war is over. The Separatists have been defeated, and the Jedi rebellion has been foiled. We stand on the threshold of a new beginning."
―Emperor Sheev Palpatine[src]
COMPNOR Recruitment-SW Propaganda

COMPNOR recruitment poster COMPNOR Recruitment by Dasita Lyros.

While the Emperor maintained a galactic armada and commanded the undisputed military, scientific, and economic hegemony in the entire galaxy, the ever-present fear of surviving Jedi would haunt Palpatine throughout his reign. In direct response to this feared threat, the Empire would employ numerous Dark Side Adepts, Force-sensitive individuals of the Inquisitorius trained to track down and eliminate any surviving Jedi. Due to the nature of their mission, Inquisitors could commandeer local Imperial forces, and possessed authority over other officers in the Imperial Military.[26][87]

While dark side leanings and occult goals may have fascinated the Empire's ruler, the banal commonalities of ruling a galaxy-wide Empire never failed to impress upon the Imperial leadership. With the rise of the New Order, many previous governmental agencies were re-named and re-purposed, while many official buildings saw themselves remodeled to fit a darker and more angular aesthetic. One such agency was the Republic-era COMPOR, newly dubbed COMPNOR, the Commission for the Preservation of the New Order.[6] COMPNOR served as the Empire's chief umbrella agency dedicated to ensuring order and stability for the countless worlds under the Emperor's rule, supporting the new regime through both propaganda and intelligence services. Organizations such as the Imperial Security Bureau, Imperial Intelligence, and Ubiqtorate worked under its oversight, with the ISB helping to stamp out potential dissident actions along with Imperial Intelligence's vast information and data gathering operations on the countless citizens in the galaxy.[29] Also working under the auspices of COMPNOR was the Ministry of Information, designated under the Coalition for Progress. The Ministry was primarily tasked with muzzling the HoloNet News Agency of anti-Imperial messaging and ensuring the necessary infrastructure for the vast communications systems within the Empire. It also worked to monitor the Imperial Press Corps at the grand COMPNOR arcology, located in the Federal District of Coruscant, Level 5127.[6][88]

The Empire also maintained the Imperial Information Office which employed civilians to help the Empire and its massive data operations in the galaxy, allowing employees the option of whether to cybernetically enhance their performance with AJ^6 cyborg constructs.[11] The Ministry of Agriculture and Imperial Agricultural Collective oversaw the horticultural aspect of Imperial dominion, with officials on many worlds across the galaxy, including Lothal.[89] The Economics Ministry, Education Ministry, Weather Ministry, Transportation Ministry and Imperial Survey Corps also employed numerous citizens across the Empire.[90][91]

The Empire also employed the services of the Bounty Hunters' Guild, along with freelance bounty hunters to track down elusive elements within Imperial dominion. Bounty hunters such as Boba Fett, IG-88 and Dengar all assisted the Empire in tracking down the Millennium Falcon shorty after the Battle of Hoth, while Boba Fett had helped Darth Vader earlier by uncovering the mysterious agent of his master, Darth Sidious.[71] In order to supply law enforcement information to the countless worlds in the galaxy, the Empire maintained the Imperial Enforcement DataCore and allowed it to be accessed by authorized Imperial personnel or bounty hunters for a small fee, and supplied Imperial Peace-Keeping Certificates to those who actively helped the Empire and its interests. The Imperial Office of Criminal Investigation also aided in law enforcement operations across the galaxy.[92][25]

Following the Battle of Endor, COMPNOR would be reorganized into the Office of Imperial Promotion, Galactic Truth, and Fact Correction.[8]

DefenseEdit

"Look on our new military not as trespassers or interlopers, but as gatekeepers, here to shore up the Emperor's vision of a pacified and prosperous galaxy."
―Wilhuff Tarkin[src]
Bf3

Imperial forces in combat on Endor

As the direct successor to the Grand Army of the Republic, the Imperial Military comprised vast numbers of warships and countless soldiers. One of the most recognizable warships being the Imperial-class Star Destroyer, the mere sight of one usually being enough to bring a troublesome system in line. Rule through fear of force rather than force itself was the driving philosophy throughout the Imperial Military, epitomized by the Tarkin Doctrine. Bolstered by the near limitless resources at the Empire's disposal and loyalist companies such as Taim & Bak, Borstel and Phylon, corporations such as Kuat Drive Yards and its subsidiary Kuat Systems Engineering produced many of the New Order's Star Destroyers, as well as the formidable All Terrain Armored Transport, which was frequently deployed at hotspots throughout the galaxy.[7][26] The AT-AT became to be feared for its formidable chin-mounted heavy laser cannons, while lighter walkers such as the All Terrain Defense Pod featured a single laser cannon able to be rotated independent of the walkers front facing direction, and were deployed primarily to protect Imperial Military interests on backwater worlds. BlasTech Industries was the primary weapons producer for the widely used E-11 blaster rifle.[26] The Aratech Repulsor Company manufactured the 614-AvA speeder bike, commonly referred to as the Imperial speeder bike, which would eventually be replaced by the 74-Z.[93] Sienar Fleet Systems produced many of the Empire's Imperial TIE fighters and variants, such as the TIE Advanced v1 which was originally unveiled on Empire Day and featured dual chin-mounted laser cannons and the ability to launch warheads such as the XX-23 S-thread tracker.[11] The TIE Advanced x1 would be naturally become the next evolution of the deadly v1, as well as the preferred craft of Lord Vader. In addition, the Empire inherited the military assets of the defunct Separatist movement—the most notable of which was the Death Star.[1]

If the Headgear Fits Wear It

A typical Imperial Military recruitment poster

Leading the Imperial Military were highly trained admirals, generals and Moffs who were instructed at the numerous Imperial Academy complexes throughout the galaxy. Several veteran officers also formerly served in the Galactic Republic, with decorated members such as Wullf Yularen. During the sixth year of the Emperor's reign there was a fixed number of twenty Moffs who answered directly to the Imperial Ruling Council. The title of Grand Moff was specifically created for Wilhuff Tarkin, while other Moffs such as Tiaan Jerjerrod and Therbon sought to increase their reputation with the Emperor.[62] Some ambitious officers even supported insurgent activities with later plans to betray and destroy them in hopes of a promotion. It was not uncommon for high ranking officials to maintain private investments, with Hiram Zataire owning large plantations and a vineyard on Naboo, and Cassio Tagge being a member of the Tagge family, held ownership of TaggeCo and its mining facility at Lucazec.[94][6]

The Imperial Army and Navy were responsible for carrying out the Empire's military operations across the galaxy. Ostensibly dedicated to maintaining law and order,[1] Imperial Military forces came to be feared and fled from.[2][7][62] Perhaps the most ubiquitously visible element were the Imperial stormtroopers. These faceless soldiers were the enforcers of Imperial order, often exercising a "shoot-first" policy.[2][7][62] Following the Battle of Endor, the Galactic Empire's martial forces began to suffer both resource and personnel shortages, ultimately forcing untrained and untested recruits to fill the front lines in the Imperial war effort, while the once mighty Imperial Navy was reduced to a single Super Star Destroyer, the Ravager, which was ultimately destroyed during the Battle of Jakku.[9]

Tarkin noted an "institutionalized suspicion" within the Imperial Military, which he believed was used as a tool by Emperor Palpatine to control the various members of the Empire and its numerous organizations. There also existed an intense fear of the Emperor and Lord Vader, mainly due to harsh punishments, such as death or torture, if a task was not completed in time or resulted in failure. Imperial patrol transports and stormtroopers were often utilized as the local police force for numerous worlds, while off-duty personnel could frequent local venues and neighborhoods after signing out of their local garrison. The euphemism "off-base, recreation," was used in the Imperial Military when referring to the visiting of various mistresses or cantinas by personnel, while out of consideration it was common for duty officers to ask no questions about such escapades.[24] Members within the Imperial Army believed that those stationed farthest from the Imperial Center were deemed less important to the New Order, causing many to resent deployments on remote worlds such as Belderone.[6]

Foreign affairsEdit

The Galactic Empire while seeking galactic domination over the galaxy, never the less maintained a number of foreign relations with several independent or client entities during its political existence and established a number of protectorates across the galaxy.[24]

Hutt ClanEdit

In 0 ABY, following the destruction of the Death Star during the Battle of Yavin, and the loss of Weapons Factory Alpha during a rebel assault on Cymoon 1 during the Galactic Civil War, Lord Vader, on behalf of Emperor Palpatine, travelled to Tatooine as an ambassador to negotiate a deal with Jabba the Hutt and the Hutt Clan to secure raw materials for production and resources to fuel its military operations. Jabba accepted this and bought the Clan into the galactic conflict.[34]

Journeyman ProtectorsEdit

An alliance was brokered with Fenn Rau's Journeyman Protectors, an ancient group of Mandalorians residing in the independent Concord Dawn system which was tasked with dealing with potential rebels by reporting on their activities, and destroying them if possible.[95] However, sometime after Rau was imprisoned by the rebels, it was discovered that they had a secret alliance with the rebellion and the Protectors were wiped out by the Imperial Viceroy of Mandalore, Gar Saxon, in 2 BBY.[38]

Mining GuildEdit

The Empire also had maintained good relations with the Mining Guild, which was a network of miners who harvested natural resources and operated in full association with the Empire and was granted the rights to use a special variant of the Imperial TIE fighter.[96][97]

Law enforcementEdit

Law enforcement in the Empire was primarily the responsibility of local planetary security forces like the Imperial police on Coruscant or the Royal Naboo Security Forces from Naboo.[98][77]

Military elements could also enforce civilian law regardless of whether the world was under occupation. For instance, the Purge troopers were elite stormtroopers who enforced Imperial rule in the Anoat sector on behalf of Governor Adelhard.[27]

Science and technologyEdit

"The universe is old. We are running out of time. I desire progress..."
Doctor Cylo-V[src]
DeathStar1-SWE

The Death Star was one of the Empire's greatest engineering projects.

One of the Empire most ambitious scientific developments was the Death Star which was a moon-sized deep space mobile battle station that was designed to fire a single planet-destroying superlaser powered by massive kyber crystals and built in orbit of Geonosis which was started by the Galactic Republic during the Clone Wars and supported by a complex logistical network of bases and took many years longer to complete than expected, was eventually moved from Geonosis to Scarif.[99]

Also Emperor Sheev Palpatine had planned on further pushing the boundaries of what could be accomplished without the aid of the Force, creating cybernetically enhanced supersoldiers under the development of Cylo at his heavily guarded research base. Owing to Vader's failure to protect both the First Death Star and Weapons Factory Alpha, Palpatine planned on eventually forming an army of cybernetic soldiers as his primary enforcers, while Vader's position as apprentice would be reduced to a mere ceremonial role.[100] While the Imperial Mining Institute also existed under the New Order, while the Imperial Department of Military Research helped to boost the combat forces of the Empire, developing the widely used stormtrooper armor and the IT-O Interrogation Unit, along with the 9D9-s54 Dianoga spy droid.[26][101]

EconomyEdit

"—we mustn't forget that we have the credits. The credits to spend how we see fit."
―As a financier, Arsin Crassus thought that money was the solution to the Empire's problems[src]

The Galactic Empire adopted a planned economy, whereby production and distribution of goods were centralized and directed in the immediate aftermath of the Clone Wars.[6] This policy was called Imperialization.[4] Despite this, numerous third-party corporations were allowed to remain, with major loyalist companies Kuat Drive Yards and Sienar Fleet Systems producing the majority of the Empire's land and space-based craft. Companies aligned with the Confederacy of Independent Systems during the Clone Wars, such as the Techno Union and Trade Federation, were absorbed by the newly formed Empire, and all Federation accounts plundered by Imperial financier Arsin Crassus.[27][9] The Empire held a close association with Mining Guild, which was a network of miners that harvested natural resources throughout the galaxy.[97][96]

Towards the end of the Galactic Civil War, Fleet Admiral Gallius Rax began to nationalize all aspects of the Imperial production chain in the months following Endor, but the attempt proved unable to save the dying Empire.[8]

Upon the formation of the Empire, the Republic credit would be replaced by the Imperial credit, which became the standard currency in circulation throughout the Empire. With the advent of the New Order, credits from the time of the Galactic Republic eventually became mostly worthless as they were phased out.[102] During the Galactic Civil War, credits from the Empire became increasingly worthless following the formation of the New Republic.[8]

Society and cultureEdit

"Can you stop thinking of yourself as a native of your home planet and begin thinking of yourself as an Imperial first? An Imperial only? Can you accept that protecting and serving the world you came from is best accomplished by strengthening the Empire to which it belongs?"
―The introductory speech at the Royal Imperial Academy on Coruscant.[src]

AestheticEdit

The transition from the Republic to the Empire was also marked by major changes in aesthetic. While the democratic government favored sweeping lines in its architecture, Palpatine's autoritarian regime preferred bold and brutalist designs. That new style actually emerged before the foundation of the Empire, during the Clone Wars, when the architect Orson Krennic transformed the municipal grounds on Coruscant into military command centers.[4] A prime example of Krennic's work was the Republic Center for Military Operations.[103]

PropagandaEdit

Strength & Obedience-SW Propaganda

COMPNOR-approved propaganda poster by Resinu Santhe-Caltra.

The Galactic Empire wielded a vast and powerfully effective propaganda machine to shift the opinions and cultures of numerous worlds across the galaxy. Celebrating the end of the destructive Clone Wars and the creation of the New Order, the Emperor founded Empire Day as the national holiday of the Empire. The song "Glory of the Empire" served as the national anthem.[11]

The Empire officially supported the political ideals of the New Order and actively promoted its ideals through propaganda posters and pro-Imperial news reports delivered by news anchors such as Alton Kastle and monitored by the Ministry of Information on the HoloNet News, the only state-sanctioned news agency, which was intent on glorifying the Empire and its armed forces,[104] though local news outlets such as the Lothal Bulletin that supported the Galactic Empire still existed.[105] The Imperial Press Corps worked in league with HoloNet News, ensuring reporting stayed in line with "acceptable" news coverage.[106] Due to physical alterations to Palpatine to make him look younger and more appealing in broadcasts, many citizens did not know of the Emperor's scarred appearance,[11] nor did they comprehend that the galaxy was under the command of a Sith Lord.[107]

Lead the Way poster

A propaganda poster featuring the Grand Inquisitor, leader of the Inquisitorius.

To enhance its legitimacy in the eyes of the people, the Empire used the duel in Palpatine's office to officially support the idea of a "Jedi Rebellion" occurring, and that the Jedi Order had attempted to stage a coup intent on taking control over the Republic, thus necessitating Order 66. In the years after the Proclamation of the New Order, all remaining recordings of the Jedi were removed, with many eventually believing and supporting the Emperor's version of events. However, individuals such as Zaluna Myder and even Luke Skywalker questioned the Empire's account of the events leading up to their destruction, while those who knew the Jedi in person could not bring themselves to believe in a Jedi-led coup.[30][66] Those that attempted to distribute independent publications could be punished with imprisonment without term. In the justice system, a defense was only allowed in civil cases, not trials against the Empire.[35] The Empire also outlawed any displays of organized worship and belief in the supernatural, yet underground religions such as the Church of the Force existed well after the Age of the Empire.[10]

Nonetheless, with the end of the Clone Wars and the dismantling of the Separatist Droid Army, a renewed sense of peace and prosperity returned to the Core.[6] This peace was aided by the efforts of the Coalition for Progress division of COMPNOR, who took note when artistic media appeared to undermine the Empire, using its authority in one instance to dismantle a statue of Janyor of Bith on the Outer Rim world of Garel,[39] or by banning subversive operas such as the Song of Lojuun[36] and sending members of the band Hakko Drazlip and the Tootle Froots to work in the mines of Kessel after a song with political undertones mocked Lord Vader, with the song being declared contraband as a result.[66] Unemployment in strategic resource systems was declared unlawful.[30]

Grav-ball was a popular sport within the Galactic Empire, with many worlds hosting teams that occasionally competed with one another. The Junior Academy of Applied Sciences on Lothal hosted a team known as the AppSci SaberCats, consisting of ten players on a 64-meter grid, with which the game could be played with multiple rule variations such as Corellian rules.[108] Underground gladiatorial games also existed uwithin Imperial territories, with the Outer Rim Carve-up and Stormblade Bloodfest being some of the organized occurrences of the sport within the early years of the Empire.[92]

DemographicsEdit

"... I have no issues with aliens myself—some of my best friends are nonhumans—but some grav-ball fans object to alien physiognomies, seeing them as giving nonhumans an edge."
Athletic Director Janus Fhurek[src]

The population of the Empire was dominated largely by humans, a species native to the Imperial capital world Coruscant.[109] Humans were the most common species in both the Imperial Military and the Empire's political circles, with the highest echelons of the New Order almost entirely consisting of the species.[110] This single-species domination was not coincidental, but intended. Imperial propaganda actively supported state-sponsored ethnocentric xenophobia and fear-mongering. To the Empire, "aliens" were by and large unwelcome within its order, with aliens being seen as "different," and "strange." As such, the Empire treated nonhuman segments of its populations as serfs, slaves, or obstacles needing to be tamed, removed, or ignored. The Empire supported the idea that aliens were untrustworthy—unlike humans—and behind their veneer of innocence lurked a vicious monster. The Imperial propaganda machine was so effective in its message that even near-human species exhibited an inherent distrust towards nonhuman populations.[8] Since the Empire looked down on aliens, it was rare for aliens to serve as Imperial officers.[111] Nevertheless, some nonhumans were known to occupy lofty roles within the Empire, such as the Chagrian Mas Amedda, who served as the Empire's Grand Vizier,[6] the Imperial Grand Admiral Thrawn,[53] and the Pau'an Grand Inquisitor, the leading figure in the Inquisitorius during the Age of the Empire.[112] In addition to state-sponsored discrimination against a predominantly nonhuman galaxy, the Empire discouraged the learning of alien languages and cultures such as Ithorese in an effort to destroy foreign cultures, and sought to impose high "Imperial standards" for its citizens.[9]

To increase the human population and military manpower, several Imperial breeding programs were enacted in the early days of the Empire, encouraging people to start and grow families, and rewarding them for it. While the Empire supported traditional heterosexual relationships, it did not care about the individual sexual preferences of its citizens, provided that such individuals kept their affairs behind closed doors, and did not interfere with any of its family programs.[8]

War crimesEdit

"We have a surplus of slave labor—but what to do with it? Could the Wookiees be farmed for their meat? Presently it's stringy and tough, but maybe if they could be fattened up, or modified in some way—crossbred with another species, perhaps, like the Talz."
―Commandant Theodane Sardo[src]

SlaveryEdit

Within the Empire, non-humans were routinely subjugated, with many sent to numerous slave labor camps across the galaxy, one of the most infamous being the spice mines of Kessel, where Wookiee slaves, prized for their strength, were sent to mine the valuable spice located in the planet's interior. It was a literal death sentence for many, with an expected survival time of three months.[111] Humanoid species often had a longer survival time, ranging from one to two years in the mines.[66] On Ryloth, isolated settlements often existed with little or no knowledge about the Empire at large, with those same camps oftentimes being disbanded and their inhabitants relocated to slave labor camps when needed. Escaped slaves or displaced persons often made up these camps, similar to Tarkintown on Lothal.[24] Those that resisted Imperial rule could see their whole planet devastated and species reduced to near-extinction, such as the reptilian Bodach'i, who were forced to work in spice mines on planets such as Kerev Doi.[35] Much of the Imperial war machine was built on the shoulders of the enslaved Wookiee population, who saw their homeworld of Kashyyyk ecologically devastated.[8]

Bio-warfare and genocideEdit

The nascent Empire conducted numerous atrocities, often resulting in genocide owing to the Empire's humanocentric tendencies. On Geonosis, the Empire sterilized the planet's native Geonosian population with heavy bombing.[30][113] The Lasat homeworld of Lasan was ecologically destroyed by the later banned T-7 ion disruptor rifles,[114] and the entire species was almost wiped out. Furthermore, to make advances in bio-warfare, Vice Admiral Perwin Gedde would test ancient diseases on captive worlds, raining sickness from sub-orbital battleships.[8] As such, a vast distribution network existed within the Empire, with numerous warehouses on a various worlds holding thousands of biological agents. Biological testing was conducted on planets such as Coyerti or against primitive indigenous populations and Wookiee slaves.[36] While most research and development went unhindered, a few initiatives went out of control. On Dandoran, the accidental release of a highly contagious virus under the code-name Project Blackwing—a clandestine effort seeking to uncover the secrets to immortality—ultimately led to an outbreak across the planet.[115]

InfrastructureEdit

TransportationEdit

Imperial cargo ship docked

An Imperial cargo ship docked at a space port.

A vast transportation network to connect Palpatine's vast Empire served as the primary means of both civilian and military transport. Interstellar commerce and warfare primarily occurred along one of several major hyperspace lanes—considered trans-galactic highways—with their knowledge and existence dating back to well before the former Galactic Republic. With the major trade routes considered safe for hyperspace travel, their control was vital for maintaining an effective means of defense and galactic dominance. In smaller systems, hyperspace beacons could transmit their coordinates, allowing starships to make quicker jumps to and from the system. As a result, destroying them could hinder enemy mobility and response times. Serving this vast system existed spaceports, facilities where starships would dock and refuel, restock and rearm. Spaceships serving as fuel stations also existed in the vastness of the galaxy, along with major shipping ports such as Horizon Base.[116][6] Owing to the immense size of the Empire, a vast, complex logistical network was maintained by the Imperial hierarchy, and as a result was both immensely interconnected and extremely fragile. Locales such as Mardona III served as "warehouse worlds": planets turned storehouses for millions of metric tons of goods to fuel the Empire. Imperial cargo ships often transported these resources across the galaxy; slovenly and low-quality personnel, or fresh recruits just out of the Academy, often crewed these vessels, owing to their rather menial task.[117] Mining stations, deep-space outposts, or jails far from the cosmopolitan core often used as security personnel Imperial Navy Troopers, who, while still imposing, commanded less respect than their stormtrooper brethren.[36]

Communications and mediaEdit

"Citizen reporting has been a key tool in maintaining peace and order across the Empire."
Alton Kastle[src]

Acquiring much of the galactic communications systems from the former Galactic Republic, the Empire nationalized the HoloNet News and its galaxy-spanning broadcasts and hyperspace-powered communication systems which was overseen by the Ministry of Information who ensured that all news stories were in line with government policy.[95][118] This indirectly led to numerous pirate broadcasts operating in the Outer Rim Territories. Despite this, the galactic HoloNet would remain one of the most-viewed news stations in the galaxy, forming public opinion and reporting on pro-Imperial issues and events. When military objectives trumped civilian information, the Empire could shut down the local HoloNet in varying sectors, and prioritized HoloNet transmissions to the military, giving Palpatine and his armed forces near-instantaneous communication across the entire galaxy with it being law that HoloNet News be broadcast at all times in every drinking establishment.[11][6]

Following the Battle of Endor, the New Republic abolished the Empire restrictions and censorship on HoloNet and encouraged the creation of several HoloNet channels including the Queen of the Core Network to win over the galactic public after it assumed control by 5 ABY.[9]

AstrographyEdit

As the successor state to the Galactic Republic, the Galactic Empire's authority spanned most of the known galaxy. Its reach was vast, claiming as its own every territory within the former Galactic Republic, as well as those which had joined the Confederacy of Independent Systems.[1] While the Empire utilized the senators of the Imperial Senate to maintain control of their respective systems, control was gradually given over to Imperial sector and planetary governors, or Moffs. Grand Moffs were charged with overseeing control of oversectors, which were comprised of numerous sectors,[6] and the Imperial Navy was organized into sector fleets.[49] The Empire also maintained strategic resource systems, in which industrial surveillance, heightened security measures and higher work quotas were in effect, and were often placed under the supervision of influential barons, moguls and efficiency experts.[30]

The Empire controlled its territories through puppet states, alliances, and protectorates throughout the known galaxy, most notably the Corporate Sector. On the border of the Mid Rim and Outer Rim Territories, an invisible boundary was considered the "front line" against the lawlessness of the Outer Rim.[36] The Imperial sphere of influence ended shortly before reaching Hutt Space, resulting in its reputation as a haven for smugglers, bounty hunters and other denizens of the galaxy.[64]

The Core Worlds housed some of the richest and most affluent planets in the Empire, with gradual economic decline and lawlessness appearing the further one ventured from the Core. While the Emperor planned to claim the Outer Rim, the logistical complexities of such a feat soon became apparent. Many of the exoplanets were too rough, wild, or strange to ever be brought under Imperial yoke. Thus, many were relegated to hold meager garrisons or host temporary military excursions. As a result, exploitation, weapons testing and military installations dotted the Outer Systems, while Imperials often came for the drinking, smoking, gambling, or black-market goods.[9]

Seeking the source of the Dark Side, the Empire established numerous labs and communications stations on distant moons and asteroids beyond known space, with Emperor Palpatine believing his power was drawn from beyond the galaxy.[9]

Following the Battle of Endor, the Galactic Empire steadily began to shrink, losing numerous worlds to the recently formed New Republic, while Imperial assets and academies on worlds such as Uyter were destroyed in bloody warfare.[9] Roughly two months following the Battle of Akiva, the Empire's territorial possessions were described as a "patchwork quilt" by Grand Admiral Rae Sloane. The Empire had already lost numerous systems to the New Republic's lighting-fast strikes, and factionalism had begun to scar any attempts to reclaim lost territories. The New Republic had already made headway into the Core Worlds, claiming Chandrila as its capital. The last sector of the Outer Rim under Imperial control was a thin region of space known as the Exterior, along with the planets Zhadalene, Korrus, and Belladoon.[8]

Eventually, Imperial warships began jumping into the Unknown Regions following the Galactic Concordance to escape the prying eyes of the New Republic. This was made easier because parts of the Unknown Regions had previously been explored by military scout ships surveying star systems and blazing hyperspace routes known only to a select few.[10]

Behind the scenesEdit

The Galactic Empire first appeared as the main antagonist of the first Star Wars movie, Star Wars: Episode IV A New Hope, in 1977. It later appeared in the two other films of the original trilogy: Star Wars: Episode V The Empire Strikes Back and Star Wars: Episode VI Return of the Jedi. George Lucas later used the Prequel trilogy to chronicle the events which led to the rise of the Empire.

The Empire's origins and role in the Star Wars universe were subsequently expanded by various Expanded Universe literature and media over the next four decades. Following the Lucasfilm Story Group's decision in May 2014 to reboot the Star Wars universe,[119] the Galactic Empire reappeared as a major antagonist in several new canonical media and literature including the Disney XD television series Star Wars Rebels.

According to the author Jason Fry, the Galactic Empire in the newly established canonical universe was not openly xenophobic and misogynistic unlike the Legends version. However, he acknowledged that some of the Empire's most devoted supporters were xenophobes, like his character Janus Fhurek, a minor antagonist in Fry's 2014 junior novel Servants of the Empire: Edge of the Galaxy. In his view, the idea of a misogynistic Empire was discounted by the presence of prominent Imperial female characters in John Jackson Miller's novel A New Dawn and Star Wars Rebels.[120] The reference guides Star Wars Rebels: The Visual Guide and Star Wars Rebels: Visual Guide: Epic Battles have since confirmed that pro-human xenophobia existed within the Imperial Military and government bureaucracy. The novels Aftermath: Life Debt and Thrawn further confirm this fact, being particularly highlighted in the latter.

AppearancesEdit

Non-canon appearancesEdit

SourcesEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 Star Wars: Episode III Revenge of the Sith
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 Star Wars: Episode IV A New Hope
  3. In Star Wars Propaganda: A History of Persuasive Art in the Galaxy it is stated within in-universe text that Janyor of Bith disliked the "unflinching fascist image" present in the pro-Imperial propaganda piece Imperius Unitada ober Totallex, thus establishing the fact that the term "fascism" exists in the Star Wars universe, and that the Empire was a fascist regime.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Star Wars: Rogue One: The Ultimate Visual Guide
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Star Wars Propaganda: A History of Persuasive Art in the Galaxy
  6. 6.00 6.01 6.02 6.03 6.04 6.05 6.06 6.07 6.08 6.09 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 6.15 6.16 6.17 6.18 6.19 6.20 6.21 6.22 6.23 6.24 6.25 Tarkin
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.7 7.8 7.9 Star Wars: Episode V The Empire Strikes Back
  8. 8.00 8.01 8.02 8.03 8.04 8.05 8.06 8.07 8.08 8.09 8.10 8.11 8.12 8.13 8.14 8.15 8.16 8.17 8.18 8.19 8.20 8.21 8.22 8.23 8.24 8.25 8.26 8.27 8.28 8.29 8.30 Aftermath: Life Debt
  9. 9.00 9.01 9.02 9.03 9.04 9.05 9.06 9.07 9.08 9.09 9.10 9.11 9.12 9.13 9.14 9.15 Aftermath
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 10.6 10.7 10.8 10.9 Star Wars: The Force Awakens: The Visual Dictionary
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.6 Rebels-mini-logo Star Wars Rebels – "Empire Day"
  12. SWCustom-2011 "Empire Day" Episode Guide - Star Wars Rebels on StarWars.com (backup link on Archive.org)
  13. Star Wars: Galactic Atlas
  14. Aftermath (p. 56: "...months earlier, after the battle over Endor had concluded." / p. 357: "'...you've been here for the last month, in a coma.'")
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 TwitterLogo @pablohidalgo (Pablo Hidalgo) on Twitter. “It had stopped being the Empire. It's more like independent nations. Like post-USSR 'stans'.” (screenshot)—The tweet in question refers to the canonical political status of the Empire following the Battle of Endor to the time of TFA.
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.3 16.4 16.5 16.6 16.7 16.8 16.9 Aftermath: Empire's End
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 17.3 Star Wars: Episode II Attack of the Clones
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 Star Wars: Episode I The Phantom Menace
  19. TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "The Lost One"
  20. TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Crisis at the Heart"
  21. StarWars-DatabankII HoloNet News in the Databank
  22. TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Sabotage"
  23. TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Conspiracy"
  24. 24.0 24.1 24.2 24.3 Lords of the Sith
  25. 25.0 25.1 25.2 Star Wars Rebels: Rebel Journal by Ezra Bridger
  26. 26.0 26.1 26.2 26.3 26.4 26.5 Star Wars Rebels: The Visual Guide
  27. 27.0 27.1 27.2 27.3 Star Wars: Uprising
  28. 28.0 28.1 SWInsider "The End of History"—Star Wars Insider 154
  29. 29.0 29.1 29.2 Rebels-mini-logo Star Wars Rebels – "Spark of Rebellion"
  30. 30.0 30.1 30.2 30.3 30.4 30.5 A New Dawn
  31. Rebels-mini-logo Star Wars Rebels – "Rebel Resolve"
  32. Rebels-mini-logo Star Wars Rebels – "Always Two There Are"
  33. Servants of the Empire: Rebel in the Ranks
  34. 34.0 34.1 Darth Vader 1: Vader
  35. 35.0 35.1 35.2 35.3 35.4 35.5 35.6 35.7 35.8 Lost Stars
  36. 36.0 36.1 36.2 36.3 36.4 36.5 36.6 36.7 36.8 Battlefront: Twilight Company
  37. Ahsoka
  38. 38.0 38.1 38.2 Rebels-mini-logo Star Wars Rebels – "Imperial Super Commandos"
  39. 39.0 39.1 New HNN HoloNet News Report: Imperial Registration Program (link)
  40. Star Wars Rebels: The Siege of Lothal
  41. Rebels-mini-logo Star Wars Rebels – "Rise of the Old Masters"
  42. Rebels-mini-logo Star Wars Rebels – "Call to Action"
  43. Rebels-mini-logo Star Wars Rebels – "Fire Across the Galaxy"
  44. Star Wars Rebels: The Siege of Lothal
  45. Rebels-mini-logo Star Wars Rebels – "The Lost Commanders"
  46. Rebels-mini-logo Star Wars Rebels – "Relics of the Old Republic"
  47. Rebels-mini-logo Star Wars Rebels – "Wings of the Master"
  48. Rebels-mini-logo Star Wars Rebels – "Stealth Strike"
  49. 49.0 49.1 Rebels-mini-logo Star Wars Rebels – "Legacy"
  50. Rebels-mini-logo Star Wars Rebels – "A Princess on Lothal"
  51. Rebels-mini-logo Star Wars Rebels – "The Protector of Concord Dawn"
  52. Rebels-mini-logo Star Wars Rebels – "Twilight of the Apprentice"
  53. 53.0 53.1 Star Wars Rebels: Steps Into Shadow
  54. Rebels-mini-logo Star Wars Rebels – "Hera's Heroes"
  55. Rebels-mini-logo Star Wars Rebels – "Iron Squadron"
  56. Rebels-mini-logo Star Wars Rebels – "An Inside Man"
  57. Rebels-mini-logo Star Wars Rebels – "Visions and Voices"
  58. Rebels-mini-logo Star Wars Rebels – "Ghosts of Geonosis"
  59. Rebels-mini-logo Star Wars Rebels – "Warhead"
  60. Rebels-mini-logo Star Wars Rebels – "Legacy of Mandalore"
  61. Rebels-mini-logo Star Wars Rebels – "Through Imperial Eyes"
  62. 62.00 62.01 62.02 62.03 62.04 62.05 62.06 62.07 62.08 62.09 62.10 Star Wars: Episode VI Return of the Jedi
  63. SWInsider "One Thousand Levels Down"—Star Wars Insider 151
  64. 64.0 64.1 Smuggler's Run: A Han Solo & Chewbacca Adventure
  65. SWInsider "Last Call at the Zero Angle"—Star Wars Insider 156
  66. 66.0 66.1 66.2 66.3 66.4 Heir to the Jedi
  67. The Weapon of a Jedi: A Luke Skywalker Adventure
  68. Star Wars 1: Skywalker Strikes
  69. Star Wars 2: Skywalker Strikes, Part II
  70. Star Wars 3: Skywalker Strikes, Part III
  71. 71.0 71.1 Darth Vader 1: Vader
  72. Darth Vader 7: Shadows and Secrets, Part I
  73. 73.0 73.1 73.2 Moving Target: A Princess Leia Adventure
  74. "The Levers of Power"—The Rise of the Empire
  75. Shattered Empire, Part I
  76. Albert, Brian (June 4, 2015). 3 New Official Star Wars Characters Revealed. IGN. Retrieved on June 5, 2015.
  77. 77.0 77.1 Shattered Empire, Part II
  78. Shattered Empire, Part III
  79. Shattered Empire, Part IV
  80. Star Wars Battlefront
  81. 81.0 81.1 81.2 81.3 Bloodline
  82. Star Wars: The Force Awakens: Incredible Cross-Sections
  83. Star Wars: Commander, "The Sickness" campaign
  84. "Star Wars Propaganda: A History of Persuasive Art in the Galaxy" preview
  85. TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Pursuit of Peace"
  86. Rogue One: A Star Wars Story
  87. Star Wars: Absolutely Everything You Need to Know
  88. HoloNet News Special Report: Journalists Across Galaxy Join Press Corps
  89. Servants of the Empire: Edge of the Galaxy
  90. Servants of the Empire: Imperial Justice
  91. Moving Target: A Princess Leia Adventure
  92. 92.0 92.1 Ezra's Gamble
  93. Star Wars Rebels: Head to Head
  94. The Rebellion Begins
  95. 95.0 95.1 StarWars-DatabankII The Protectors in the Databank
  96. 96.0 96.1 StarWars-DatabankII Mining Guild TIE fighter in the Databank
  97. 97.0 97.1 StarWars-DatabankII Mining Guild in the Databank
  98. SWInsider "One Thousand Levels Down"—Star Wars Insider 151
  99. Star Wars: Rogue One Mini Build preview on Book Manager
  100. Darth Vader 5: Vader, Part V
  101. SWInsider "Rebel Bluff"—Star Wars Insider 158
  102. "The Crimson Corsair and the Lost Treasure of Count Dooku"
  103. Catalyst: A Rogue One Novel
  104. StarWars-DatabankII HoloNet News in the Databank
  105. Star Wars Rebels: Fight the Empire
  106. New HNN HoloNet News Special Report: Journalists Across Galaxy Join Press Corps (link)
  107. Ultimate Star Wars
  108. Servants of the Empire: Edge of the Galaxy
  109. Star Wars: Uprising
  110. Star Wars Rebels: Visual Guide: Epic Battles
  111. 111.0 111.1 Star Wars Rebels: The Visual Guide
  112. Rebels-mini-logo Star Wars Rebels – "Always Two There Are"
  113. Darth Vader 4: Vader, Part IV
  114. Rebels-mini-logo Star Wars Rebels – "Droids in Distress"
  115. Star Wars: Commander, chapter 9
  116. Star Wars: Absolutely Everything You Need to Know
  117. Rebels-mini-logo Star Wars Rebels – "The Forgotten Droid"
  118. New HNN HoloNet News Special Report: Controversial Statue Finally Destroyed (link)
  119. Chris Taylor, How Star Wars Conquered the Universe, pp 409-410.
  120. Jason Fry Keeps Talking to Us: Wired for the Classics

External linksEdit

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