Wikia

Wookieepedia

Industrial Light & Magic

Talk2
115,193pages on
this wiki
Han1 edited

Sorry about the mess.

This article or section needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of article quality.

Please follow the guidelines in the Manual of Style and complete this article to the highest level of quality before continuing on smaller articles. Remove this message when finished.

TPM-CGYoda

Master Qui-Gon, more to say, have you?

It is requested that this article, or a section of this article, be expanded.

See the request on the listing or on this article's talk page. Once the improvements have been completed, you may remove this notice and the page's listing.

ILMlogo
Industrial Light & Magic
Founded

1975

Founder(s)

George Lucas

Parent organization

Lucasfilm Ltd.

Official site

Official website

Industrial Light & Magic, or ILM, is the visual effects company responsible for much of the visual effects in the Star Wars films. It was founded by George Lucas in 1975, as part of Lucasfilm Limited. They have also been responsible for the effects on over 200 other films, including Jurassic Park, the Back to the Future trilogy, the Harry Potter films, the Indiana Jones franchise, the 2009 film Star Trek, and the 2011 film Super 8.

CreationEdit

ILMATST-SWFB

ILM with a model of an AT-ST

After George Lucas made the hit movie American Graffiti, he worked on a space opera he called The Star Wars, which was then purchased by 20th Century Fox. Lucas intended to create special effects that had never been done before. However, Fox's in-house special effects department had been shut down because of costs and people's interest in more realistic looking films. Lucas then decided to create his own effects company. His first choice was Douglas Trumbull, responsible for the photographical effects in 2001: A Space Odyssey. Given Trumbull was doing Steven Spielberg's Close Encounters of the Third Kind, he instead recommended Lucas his assistant, John Dykstra. Dykstra then assembled a crew of 75 college students, artists and engineers.

Gary Kurtz bough to crew to work on a warehouse in Van Nuys, California. Looking for a name that would disguise the warehouse's function and suggest it was simply in the business of wholesaling electronic components rather than making movies, Lucas came up with Industrial Light and Magic. In July of 1975, the company was born.

Star Wars workEdit

ILM's first film was Star Wars (called The Star Wars at first). The company (then jokingly nicknamed "The Country Club") had just recently been founded, and was not sure it could successfully a new ground-breaking special effects that many at ILM thought would never work. The working environment was chaotic and unorthodox: when Fox executives visited the crew to see their progress, one of the employees was wearing a fish-head mask, the artists used an improvised slide to plunge into a swimming pool built in a container, and Dykstra threw a refrigerator from the warehouse's roof "because we wanted to know how it would sound". The artists spent their days smoking marijuana and trying to relieve the hot environment in bathtubs. Most of the $1 million Lucas lent to the company was spent on equipment, such as miniatures and the Dykstraflex motion control camera mdash; a technology later crucial for scenes such as the Battle of Yavin.

After Lucas returned to California after ending the principal photography, the ILM company was in worse shape than ever before. Except for the escape pod being released from Tantive IV, Lucas found all the completed effects to be unsalvageable. Adding this to the troublesome shooting, most doubted Star Wars would ever reach theaters, and Fox was nearly terminating production. Lucas decided to take direct control of the company, supervising the effects work daily. The battle scenes were mostly directly copied from dogfights taken from World War II movies such as Tora! Tora! Tora! which Lucas used as reference.

Lucas would also bring in some third parties to complete effects, such as Dan O'Bannon, Rick Baker and Phil Tippett.

Once of the film was completed, most of the crew at ILM decided to stay, but Dykstra brought some of the artists to make his own company, called Apogee.

Notable artistsEdit

OriginalILMlogoStruzan-MOTESB

The original ILM logo, designed by Drew Struzan

TriviaEdit

In 2010, ILM allowed the show The Amazing Race to film at their complex. They set up a challenge for the contestants on the show, which involved the characters of Ponds, Cody, and Padmé Amidala from The Clone Wars.

Although ILM primarily worked on Star Wars projects, they also had a hand in some Star Trek-related projects, including Star Trek II: Wrath of Khan. Mark Hamill, when discovering this during production of Return of the Jedi, jokingly referred to them as traitors, with Lucas stating that it was a business.[1]

BibliographyEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

External linksEdit

In other languages

Around Wikia's network

Random Wiki