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"The Council will act as they deem necessary."
―Mace Windu, member of the Jedi High Council[src]

The Jedi High Council, simply referred to as the Jedi Council, was the ruling body of the Jedi Order. Situated in one of the four towers of the Jedi Temple on Coruscant, the Council consisted of twelve Jedi Masters who oversaw and governed the Order as a whole. Though the Council possessed the autonomy to govern the affairs of the Jedi without interference from the political establishment, the Order's allegiance was to the Galactic Senate, the primary government of the Galactic Republic.

Prior to the rise of the Galactic Empire, the Jedi served as guardians of the Republic for over a thousand years with the Council dealing directly with the office of the Senate's elected leader, the Supreme Chancellor. During the time of the Clone Wars, the Jedi Council led the war effort to defend the Republic and end the conflict that had spread across the galaxy. Ultimately, the Jedi fell in service to the Republic through betrayal, leading to the dissolution of both the Order and its ruling council. As a result, the Sith reclaimed dominance through the formation of the Galactic Empire. Yet despite the fall of the Jedi Order, two survivors of the Council—Grand Master Yoda and Obi-Wan Kenobi—lived long enough to train Luke Skywalker in the ways of the Force, resulting in the final defeat of the Sith and the return of the Jedi.

HistoryEdit

Age of the JediEdit

"Agree with you, the Council does. Your apprentice, Skywalker will be."
―Yoda, to Obi-Wan Kenobi[src]

In the latter days of the Galactic Republic,[8] the upper tier[9] of the Jedi High Council consisted of legendary Jedi Masters[8] such as Ki-Adi-Mundi, a Cerean alien with a binary brain;[10] Mace Windu, the staunch traditionalist and champion of the Jedi Order;[11] and Yoda,[9] the oldest and wisest of all the Jedi.[12] In 32 BBY, thirteen years before the dawn of the Age of the Empire, Qui-Gon Jinn reported two revelations to the Council: the return of the Sith, an ancient order of dark side wielders that the Jedi had not encountered for over a millennium; and the discovery of Anakin Skywalker, a prodigy of the Force whom Jinn deemed the Chosen One of Jedi prophecy.[4]

High Council Chamber

Within the chamber of the High Council, the leaders of the Jedi Order were introduced to Anakin Skywalker, the prophesied Chosen One of the Force.

The Council was skeptical of the maverick Jedi's claims, however.[8] Nevertheless, they decided to commit their resources to discovering the identity of the dark warrior who attacked Jinn on Tatooine. Moreover, they agreed to meet with Skywalker in order to gauge his abilities in the Force. Though the former slave proved exceptionally powerful with the Force, Yoda sensed a considerable degree of fear within him, noting that fear was a path to the dark side of the Force.[4] Windu also felt that Skywalker was too old to commit himself to the ways of the Jedi and the Force without being distracted by his emotional attachments.[11] As a result, the Council turned down Jinn's request to train Skywalker.[4]

The Council ultimately reversed their decision after Jinn perished in a duel against Darth Maul, the Sith Lord who attacked him on Tatooine. In addition, Skywalker's heroic actions at the Battle of Naboo convinced the Council to accept him into their ranks as the Padawan of the newly-promoted Jedi Knight Obi-Wan Kenobi, Jinn's former apprentice.[4] Despite this, Windu[11] remained wary of Skywalker, as did Yoda who feared that Skywalker's training posed great danger to the future of the Jedi Order.[4]

Clone WarsEdit

"You must realize there aren't enough Jedi to protect the Republic. We're keepers of the peace, not soldiers."
―Mace Windu, to Sheev Palpatine[src]
Chancellors Office

Chancellor Palpatine consulted with the Jedi Council on the eve of the Clone Wars, vowing to preserve the Republic with the Jedi's support.

In the aftermath of the Battle of Naboo, the galaxy was cast into an era of political turmoil and instability as thousands of star systems joined a growing secessionist movement in opposition to the rule of the Galactic Republic. As both sides drew inexorably towards war, the Jedi Council consulted with Supreme Chancellor Sheev Palpatine. Owing allegiance to the Galactic Senate,[3] the Jedi were duty-bound to protect the citizens of the Republic.[13] However, Windu noted that the Jedi did not possess the adequate manpower to defend the entire Republic in a full-scale galactic war. Around the same time, the life of Naboo Senator Padmé Amidala was threatened by an assassination plot, leading the Council to assign Kenobi and Skywalker to her protection detail at the Chancellor's request. This action ultimately set off a chain of events that led Kenobi to discover the clone army that had been developed in secret on Kamino at the request of the late Sifo-Dyas, a former leading member of the Jedi Council. After reporting his findings to Yoda and Windu, Kenobi pursued the clone template Jango Fett to the Separatist world of Geonosis where he then discovered the creation of the Confederacy of Independent Systems and its droid army. As a result, the Senate conferred emergency powers on the Chancellor while the Council moved to rescue Kenobi and take charge of the newly-formed Grand Army of the Republic, consequently resulting in the Battle of Geonosis and the start of the Clone Wars.[5]

Yoda mace windu ki-adi-mundi battle of geonosis

With the outbreak of the Clone Wars, the Jedi Council took command of the Grand Army of the Republic.

Throughout the conflict, the Council led the war effort in their capacity as Jedi Generals of the Republic's new military.[14] Members of the Council, such as Windu, spent much of their time on Coruscant, directing the Jedi in their new role as military leaders[11] while simultaneously coordinating strategy with the Office of the Chancellor. At times they also participated more directly by leading clone troopers into battle on various planets across the galaxy, including Christophsis,[14] Ryloth,[15] and again on Geonosis.[16] Despite committing to their wartime responsibilities, the Council continued to serve as emissaries of the Republic;[14] from bringing neutral worlds such as Toydaria into the Republic's fold,[17] to healing the ancient rift between Bardotta and the Jedi Order, the Council served as both diplomats and generals in their efforts to protect and preserve the Republic.[18]

The Trial of Ahsoka TanoEdit

"You have our most humble apologies, little 'Soka. The Council was wrong to accuse you."
"You have shown such great strength and resilience in your struggle to prove your innocence."
"This is the true sign of a Jedi Knight."
"This was actually your great trial. Now we see that. We understand that the Force works in mysterious ways, and because of this trial you have become a greater Jedi than you would have otherwise."
"Back into the Order, you may come."
Plo Koon, Saesee Tiin, Ki-Adi-Mundi, Mace Windu and Yoda, commending Ahsoka Tano[src]
AhsokaLeavesTheOrder-TWJ

After the trial, Tano walked away from the Jedi Order despite the Council's readiness to reinstate her.

At the height of the Clone Wars, the Jedi Temple on Coruscant became the target of a terrorist attack that resulted in the bombing of the Temple hangar—an act which killed several Jedi, as well as civilians and clones. Alarmed by the assault on a sacred site of the Jedi Order, the Council assigned Skywalker and his apprentice, Ahsoka Tano, to investigate the incident.[19] However, Tano was soon framed for the death of Letta Turmond,[20] a terrorist whom she captured during the initial investigation.[19] After Tano was apprehended and brought back to the Temple,[21] the Council was requested by the Senate to expel her from the Order, believing that an internal Jedi trial would lack impartiality. In addition to revoking her Jedi status, the Senate insisted on having Tano transferred to military custody so that she could be made to stand trial for acts of treason against the Republic.[22]

Following a debate, the Council concluded that there was sufficient evidence to convict Tano as a traitor to the Republic. Additionally, Windu asserted that protecting Tano would be regarded as an act of opposition to the Senate. Though it was not a unanimous decision, the Council chose to comply with the Senate and expelled Tano from the Order, turning her over to a Republic military tribunal. During her trial, Tano was ultimately cleared of all charges after Skywalker discovered the real traitor: Barriss Offee, a fallen Jedi Padawan who believed that the Council was violent and the Republic on the verge of becoming a failed state. In light of Tano's innocence, the Council apologized, with Koon stating that they were wrong to accuse her of disloyalty. Mundi, Tiin and Windu observed that she had passed a great trial in her training, making her a greater Jedi in the process. The Council offered to welcome her back into the Jedi Order, but to their surprise and Skywalker's dismay, Tano rejected the offer and instead chose to search for a new path in life.[22]

Sith conspiracyEdit

"Cover up this discovery we must. No one, not even the Chancellor, may know."
―Yoda, to the Jedi Council and Skywalker[src]

Later, the Council was disturbed by the revelation that the Sith participated in the creation of Sifo-Dyas's clone army. While the Council did not understand why their enemy provided the Jedi with the means to defend the Republic, Windu noted with caution that such a revelation would undermine public confidence in the Jedi, the Republic, and the war effort. Citing the valiant service and loyalty of their clone soldiers, as well as the need to bring a swift and decisive end to the war, Yoda declared that the Council would not inform anyone, even the Chancellor, of the Sith's involvement in the origin of the clone army.[23]

Communing with the deadEdit

"Master Yoda, you are older and wiser than any living Jedi, but this does not mean you are beyond the corruption of the dark side."
―Mace Windu, to Yoda[src]
EpGuide611

Filled with doubt and uncertainty, Yoda confided in his fellow colleagues about his suspicion that the late Qui-Gon Jinn reached out to him from beyond death itself.

As the Council investigated the Sith's role in the clone army's creation, Yoda revealed to his colleagues that the spirit of Qui-Gon Jinn communicated with him from beyond death. However, everything the Jedi knew about the Force suggested that the ability to retain one's own identity after death was impossible. As such, their reactions ranged from concern to skepticism and suspicion. Kenobi believed that Yoda was simply under duress due to the war, but Mundi opined that the ancient Jedi Master was possibly falling to the influence of the dark side. With the Council unable to reach a consensus on Yoda's mental well-being, Windu ordered the Jedi Temple Guard to monitor his activities as a precaution. With Skywalker's assistance, Yoda escaped from the Jedi Temple,[12] embarking on a quest that ultimately led to his discovery of the ability to preserve his identity after becoming one with the Force.[24]

Fall of the RepublicEdit

"If he does not give up his emergency powers after the destruction of Grievous, then he should be removed from office."
"The Jedi Council would have to take control of the Senate in order to secure a peaceful transition."
"To a dark place, this line of thought will carry us. Great care we must take."
―Ki-Adi-Mundi, Mace Windu and Yoda, discussing the possibility of removing Sheev Palpatine from power[src]
Duel on Coruscant

After discovering Palpatine's true identity, the Jedi Council confronted Darth Sidious in a showdown to decide the fate of the galaxy.

The Clone Wars was waged across the galaxy for roughly three standard years. In the aftermath of the Battle of Coruscant, Count Dooku—the former Jedi Master who became a Sith Lord and leader of the Confederacy—was dead, forcing the remaining Separatist leaders into hiding. With Dooku's death, command of the Separatists' battle droid army passed to General Grievous, making him the next high-profile target of both the Republic and the Jedi Order. Palpatine even assured Windu that the Senate would vote to continue the war as long as the general remained alive and free, to which the Jedi Council responded by prioritizing the hunt for Grievous. By now, the relationship between the Council and the Chancellor had grown increasingly strained by their disapproval of Palpatine's gradual accumulation of wartime powers.[3] Though they initially accepted the Chancellor's empowerment in order to quickly mobilize the clone army for war,[5] the gradual expansion of his control over the Republic caused the Council to become wary of Palpatine's motives.[3]

In addition to the supplementary powers given to the Chancellor by the Senate, the Council was even more disturbed by Palpatine's decision to appoint Skywalker as his liaison to the ruling body of the Jedi Order. Skywalker's appointment to the Council's ranks at his age was unprecedented; he would be the youngest Jedi to serve on the Council, and although he was counted among the finest warriors of the Order, he had not yet achieved the rank of Jedi Master. Despite their disdain at this move by Palpatine, the Council grudgingly accepted his decision, but on a condition—Skywalker would have a seat on the Council, but not the rank of Master, making him the only Jedi to hold this distinction throughout the history of the Order. In truth, the Council only cooperated with the Chancellor in order to so that Skywalker would be in the ideal position to monitor Palpatine's activities. Skywalker was less than enthusiastic about his unofficial assignment, regarding espionage against the Chancellor as an act of treason, but Kenobi disagreed and asserted that the Council's loyalty was to the Senate rather than its leader who managed to stay in office far beyond what his constitutional term limit would allow.[3]

After Clone Intelligence traced Grievous's position to Utapau, Skywalker informed the Council that the Chancellor wished to place him in command of the mission to kill Grievous. Windu sternly informed him that the Council would decide who among their ranks would confront Grievous, regardless of Palpatine's opinion. Believing that a more experienced Jedi was required to bring the war to a decisive conclusion, the Council dispatched Kenobi and the 212th Attack Battalion. Yet even as the end of the war drew near, the Council remained skeptical about Palpatine's post-war intentions. Windu could also feel the dark side surrounding the Chancellor, which caused him to suspect that a plot to destroy the Jedi Order was close to fruition. Frustrated by the Chancellor's accumulation of power and the consequent erosion of the democracy that the Republic stood far, the Council began to regard him as a threat to the Republic. It was at this time that the Council started contemplating the possible necessity of forcibly removing Palpatine from office, an act which would necessitate a Jedi takeover of the Senate in order to maintain political stability during the transition to a new government.[3]

UnidentifiedClan-RotS

Immersed in the dark side, Darth Vader gave no quarter to the younglings who hid in the chamber of the High Council.

In the end, the Council's distrust of Palpatine was vindicated when Skywalker learned of his true identity—the Chancellor of the Republic was the Dark Lord of the Sith; Darth Sidious, master of the Sith apprentices Maul and Dooku in turn, he had orchestrated the entire war in an effort to gain absolute power over the galaxy. Faced with the truth, Windu moved with haste to confront Sidious in a final effort to save the Jedi Order. With the support of fellow Council members Kit Fisto, Agen Kolar and Saesee Tiin, he marched into the Chancellor's office and declared his intention to arrest Sidious in the name of the Senate, leading to a fierce lightsaber duel between the Dark Lord and the four members of the Jedi Council. Despite their own skills in lightsaber combat, the Jedi Masters Tiin, Kolar, and Fisto were slain by Sidious in quick succession. However, Windu was able to hold his own before ultimately emerging as the victor in the duel. By then, he believed that a trial would be useless as Sidious had gained control of the government, and therefore decided to put an end to his life in order to prevent the return of Sith oppression over the galaxy. Before he could deliver the killing strike, Skywalker, who had just arrived at the Senate Office Building, disarmed Windu, leaving him defenseless against the torrent of Force lightning that Sidious unleashed on him.[3]

With the death of the Jedi Order's champion and the subsequent fall of Anakin Skywalker, who became Darth Vader, Sidious issued Order 66—a secret protocol that compelled the clone troopers to betray and murder their Jedi leaders. Aside from Yoda and Kenobi, the remaining members of the Council perished along with the majority of the Order during the initial phase of the purge. Having eliminated the Jedi Order and its leadership, Sidious was free to declare an end to the Republic, allowing for the Galactic Empire to rise in its place.[3]

LegacyEdit

"Luke, when gone am I… The last of the Jedi will you be."
―Yoda, to Luke Skywalker[src]

The rise of the Empire forced Yoda and Kenobi into hiding on Dagobah and Tatooine, respectively.[3] By 0 BBY, roughly two decades after the fall of the Jedi Order, Kenobi began instructing a new apprentice—Luke Skywalker, son of Anakin Skywalker, endeavored to become a Jedi Knight like his father before him. Following the death of Kenobi in a final duel with his one-time Padawan, Darth Vader,[25] Luke was guided the spirit of his master to seek out Yoda on Dagobah. Though critical of his temperament and impatience, the former Grand Master took to guiding Luke in honing his nascent powers in the Force.[26] On his deathbed, Yoda deemed his final student's training complete but stipulated that he would have to confront Vader before becoming a full-fledged Jedi. With his passing, and Anakin Skywalker's subsequent redemption and death, the last two members of the Jedi High Council became one with the Force. In the aftermath of the Battle of Endor, the spirits of Yoda, Kenobi and Anakin watched over Luke and his allies as they celebrated the Rebel victory on Endor.[27]

OrganizationEdit

"Our own counsel we will keep on who is ready."
―Yoda, reminding Qui-Gon Jinn that the Council decides when a Padawan is ready for the Jedi Trials[src]
Jedi High Council Tower TPM

In a tower high above the Jedi Temple, the Jedi Council convened to contemplate galactic events and the mysteries of the Force.

The Jedi High Council was the governing body of the Jedi Order. Its composition consisted of twelve Masters who were tasked with the responsibility of guiding the Order,[28] largely by convening as a council to discuss matters of importance to the Jedi.[29] Based in the Jedi Temple on Coruscant,[28] the capital world of the Galactic Republic,[30] the Council's chamber was located at the top of the Temple's High Council Tower—one of four Council Towers that surrounded the central Temple Spire,[4] which also contained its own High Council chamber at the Spire's peak.[12]

As leaders of the guardians of peace and justice, the Council's tasks included the deliberation of galactic events while also pondering the will of the Force.[31] In the waning years of the Republic, the Council's ranks included two notable positions: the Grand Master, an honorific bestowed on the oldest and wisest living Jedi,[32] presided over the Council;[8] and Master of the Order—the elected leader of the Jedi Order. During the crisis on Naboo in 32 BBY, Yoda held the title of Grand Master and Mace Windu served as Master of the Order. By the time of the Clone Wars, Yoda chaired the Council and led the Order as both Grand Master and Master of the Order.[33]

The Council held the Jedi Code in the highest regard and required all Jedi to adhere to its principles. Members of the Council such as Yoda[4] and Windu staunchly adhered to the Order's ancient traditions,[11] whereas Qui-Gon Jinn was passed over for consideration because of his maverick views. While the Council tolerated unconventional Jedi to an extent, there were tenets in the Code that they enforced without exception. When Jinn offered to train Anakin Skywalker, the Council sternly reminded him that he had a Padawan, Obi-Wan Kenobi, and that training more than one apprentice at a time was forbidden by the Code.[4]

Although it was known that some wayward Jedi used blasters, their use was never condoned by the Council.[34] Kenobi, one of the last members of the Council, held a lifelong view that blasters were unreliable and uncivilized, especially comparison to the Jedi lightsaber.[3][25]

AppearancesEdit

Non-canon appearancesEdit

SourcesEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. Encyclopedia-Logo Yoda in the Encyclopedia (link now obsolete; backup link on Archive.org)
  2. Star Wars: Absolutely Everything You Need to Know
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 Star Wars: Episode III Revenge of the Sith
  4. 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 4.19 Star Wars: Episode I The Phantom Menace
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 Star Wars: Episode II Attack of the Clones
  6. TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Holocron Heist"
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Encyclopedia-Logo Jedi Order in the Encyclopedia (link now obsolete; backup link on Archive.org)
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 StarWars-DatabankII Yoda in the Databank
  9. 9.0 9.1 StarWars-DatabankII Ki-Adi-Mundi Biography Gallery in the Databank
  10. StarWars-DatabankII Ki-Adi-Mundi in the Databank
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 StarWars-DatabankII Mace Windu in the Databank
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Voices"
  13. Dark Disciple
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 Star Wars: The Clone Wars film
  15. TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Liberty on Ryloth"
  16. TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Landing at Point Rain"
  17. TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Ambush"
  18. TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "The Disappeared, Part II"
  19. 19.0 19.1 TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Sabotage"
  20. TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "The Jedi Who Knew Too Much"
  21. TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "To Catch a Jedi"
  22. 22.0 22.1 TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "The Wrong Jedi"
  23. TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "The Lost One"
  24. TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Sacrifice"
  25. 25.0 25.1 Star Wars: Episode IV A New Hope
  26. Star Wars: Episode V The Empire Strikes Back
  27. Star Wars: Episode VI Return of the Jedi
  28. 28.0 28.1 StarWars-DatabankII Eeth Koth in the Databank
  29. StarWars-DatabankII Adi Gallia in the Databank
  30. StarWars-DatabankII Coruscant in the Databank
  31. StarWars-DatabankII Jedi Temple in the Databank
  32. Ultimate Factivity Collection: Star Wars
  33. Star Wars: Absolutely Everything You Need to Know
  34. Ultimate Star Wars

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