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Jedi census phenomenon

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The Jedi census phenomenon is a grassroots movement that was created in 2001 for citizens of a number of English-speaking countries to record their religion as "Jedi" or "Jedi Knight" on the national census. The campaign was loosely organized by circulating e-mails claiming that if enough people entered "Jedi", it would be recognized as an official religion by the government. The emails also implored people to report their religion as "Jedi", "because you love Star Wars" or "just to annoy people". Australian Star Wars Appreciation Society president Chris Brennan reported to The New Zealand Herald that while a minority were "true hard-core people that would believe the Jedi religion carte blanche", the majority of self-reported Jedi claimed the religion for their own amusement, or to poke fun at the government. Other news reports also interpreted the exercise as a massive practical joke.

At least one Universal Life Church congregation and four real independent churches based on the Jedi religion exist. In 2003 Jedi Sanctuary was chartered by the Universal Life Church. In 2005 Temple Of The Jedi Order, founded by Rev. John Henry Phelan, was incorporated as a Texas non-profit religious corporation. The Temple's ministers may legally conduct marriages in the United States. In 2010 Coelescere Covenant (also known as "The Jedi Way"), founded by Rivan Elan, stood up as a Nebraska religious Non-Profit (Dom) Corporation.

In 2007 brothers Barney Jones and Daniel Jones set up a 30-member Jedi church in Holyhead on Anglesey in Wales, based on improving life using the Jedi principles. An attack on one of the founders on March 25, 2008, attracted coverage in the popular press. In 2008 Reverend Josh McNamara founded the Oklahoma congregation of the Temple Of The Jedi Order.

"Jedi" is currently the tenth most commonly listed religion on Facebook.[1]

ImpactEdit

AustraliaEdit

In Australia more than 70,000 people declared themselves members of the Jedi order in the 2001 census. The Australian Bureau of Statistics issued an official press release[2] in response to media interest on the subject. The ABS announced that any answers that were Jedi-related in the religion question were to be classified as 'not defined' and stressed the social impact of making misleading or false statements on the census. An ABS spokesperson said that "further analysis of census responses has been undertaken since the release of census data on June 17 to separately identify the number of Jedi-related responses".[3]

It is believed that there is no numerical value that determines a religion per definition of the ABS, but there would need to be a belief system or philosophy as well as some form of institutional or organizational structure in place.[4][5]

In the lead-up to the 2006 census, there were some reports of the ABS hinting (without humour) that writing Jedi on the 2006 census could lead to a fine for providing 'false or misleading' information. This is despite previous admissions that they were 'fairly relaxed' about the issue in 2001 and that nobody had been prosecuted in at least 15 years.[6]

New ZealandEdit

Over 53,000 people listed themselves as Jedi in New Zealand's 2001 census. New Zealand had the highest per capita population of reported Jedi in the world that year, with 1.5 percent marking "Jedi" as their religion. The city of Dunedin had the highest population of reported Jedi per capita.[7] Statistics New Zealand treated Jedi responses as "Answer understood, but will not be counted". If Jedi were counted it would have been the second largest religion in New Zealand. The percentages of religious affiliations were:

  • Christian: 58.9%
  • No religion: 29.6%
  • Object to answering: 6.9%
  • Jedi: 1.5%
  • Buddhism: 1.2%
  • Hindu: 1.2%

There was a dramatic fall in the number of New Zealand Jedi five years later, with some 20,000 people giving this as their religion in the 2006 census.[8]

CanadaEdit

In the Canada 2001 Census, some 20,000 people reported their religion as Jedi.[9]

England and WalesEdit

In England and Wales 390,127 people (almost 0.8 percent) stated their religion as Jedi on their 2001 Census forms, surpassing Sikhism, Judaism, and Buddhism, and making it the fourth largest reported religion in the country. The highest percentages of such responses were typically in cities with high student populations.[10] In 2012, the census number dropped to 176,632 people, but still making it the most popular alternative faith in the country.[11]

It was confirmed prior to the census that citizens were not liable for a fine in relation to question 10 (on religion).[12] This was based on section 1(2) of the Census (Amendment) Act 2000,[13] which amended section 8 of the Census Act 2000 to state that "no person shall be liable to a penalty under subsection (1) for refusing or neglecting to state any particulars in respect of religion". The change in the law was implemented by The Census (Amendment) Order 2000[14] and The Census (Amendment) Regulations 2000.[15]

Jedi was assigned its own code in the United Kingdom for census processing, the number 896.[16] Officials from the Office for National Statistics pointed out that this merely means that it has been registered as a common answer to the "religion" question. John Pullinger, Director of Reporting and Analysis for the Census, noted that many people who would otherwise not have completed a Census form did so solely to record themselves as Jedi, so this joke helped to improve the quality of the Census. The Office of National Statistics revealed the total figure in a press release entitled "390,000 Jedis there are".[17]

Politicians continue to refer to the phenomenon. In June 2005, Jamie Reed, newly-elected Labour Member of Parliament for Copeland in Cumbria, declared himself to be the first Jedi Member of Parliament during his maiden speech.[18] The statement, made in the context of an ongoing debate regarding the Incitement to Religious Hatred Bill, was confirmed by Reed's office to be a joke instead of a serious statement of faith. Nevertheless, during a subsequent Committee debate on the Bill, the Conservative Member of Parliament for Beaconsfield, Dominic Grieve, sought to exclude Jedi Knights explicitly from the protection of the proposed Act.[19] Similarly, in April 2006, Edward Leigh, the Conservative Member of Parliament for Gainsborough, asked whether he would be allowed to set up a Jedi knights faith school during a Committee debate on the Education and Inspections Bill.[20]

On November 16, 2006, two self-proclaimed Jedi delivered a protest letter to UN officials in recognition of the International Day for Tolerance. They requested that it be renamed the "UN Interstellar Day of Tolerance" and cited the 2001 Census showing 390,000 Jedi in England and Wales.[21]

ScotlandEdit

In Scotland 14,052 people stated that Jedi was their current religion (14,014 "Jedi", 24 "Jedi Other" and 14 "Sith") and 2,733 stated that it was their religion of upbringing (2,682 "Jedi", 36 "Jedi Other" and 15 "The Dark Side").[22]

The proportion of people stating their religion as Jedi in Scotland was slightly lower than that in England and Wales, at 0.277%.[23]

In 2009, the BBC reported that eight officers and two civilian staff members in the Strathclyde Police listed their religion as "Jedi" in voluntary diversity surveys.[24]

StatisticsEdit

The Jedi Religion claims a number of adherents throughout the world. Whether for serious reasons, or just to poke fun at bureaucracy, many citizens have claimed on census forms to follow the path created by George Lucas for his Star Wars series of films.

Jedi in England and WalesEdit

According to the UK Office of National Statistics, in England and Wales, in 2001 there were 390,127 Jedi, making up 0.7% of the population.

The results, broken down into districts of England and principal areas of Wales are:

Area Total Jedi  %
Brighton and Hove 247817 6480 2.61%
Oxford 134248 2742 2.04%
London Borough of Wandsworth 260380 5024 1.93%
Cambridge 108863 2022 1.86%
Southampton 217445 3944 1.81%
London Borough of Lambeth 266169 4745 1.78%
Exeter 111076 1942 1.75%
Reading 143096 2500 1.75%
Bristol 380615 6642 1.75%
London Borough of Islington 175797 2904 1.65%
London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham 165242 2690 1.63%
Nottingham 266988 4187 1.57%
London Borough of Camden 198020 3074 1.55%
Bournemouth 163444 2515 1.54%
Norwich 121550 1849 1.52%
Cheltenham 110013 1633 1.48%
City of London 7185 103 1.43%
Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames 147273 2103 1.43%
Manchester 392819 5476 1.39%
Ceredigion 74941 1036 1.38%
London Borough of Hackney 202824 2746 1.35%
Portsmouth 186701 2511 1.34%
London Borough of Richmond upon Thames 172335 2306 1.34%
London Borough of Haringey 216507 2837 1.31%
Bath and North East Somerset 169040 2204 1.30%
London Borough of Tower Hamlets 196106 2546 1.30%
London Borough of Southwark 244866 3059 1.25%
Guildford 129701 1599 1.23%
Winchester 107222 1318 1.23%
London Borough of Westminster 181286 2191 1.21%
Canterbury 135278 1633 1.21%
North Dorset 61905 744 1.20%
Runnymede 78033 935 1.20%
Waverley, Surrey 115665 1375 1.19%
Isles of Scilly 2152 25 1.16%
Warwick 125931 1454 1.15%
Milton Keynes 207057 2389 1.15%
Rushmoor 90987 1049 1.15%
St. Albans 129005 1473 1.14%
Plymouth 240720 2735 1.14%
Windsor and Maidenhead 133626 1485 1.11%
London Borough of Lewisham 248922 2747 1.10%
Cardiff 305353 3367 1.10%
Worthing 97568 1070 1.10%
Hart 83505 915 1.10%
Bracknell Forest 109617 1192 1.09%
Wokingham 150229 1620 1.08%
Wycombe 162105 1740 1.07%
Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea 158919 1685 1.06%
Newcastle upon Tyne 259536 2747 1.06%
Leeds 715402 7543 1.05%
North Hertfordshire 116908 1220 1.04%
East Hampshire 109274 1137 1.04%
Watford 79726 829 1.04%
Welwyn Hatfield 97553 1013 1.04%
Adur 59627 617 1.03%
Tunbridge Wells 104030 1068 1.03%
West Berkshire 144483 1483 1.03%
Southend-on-Sea 160257 1637 1.02%
Charnwood 153462 1558 1.02%
Mendip 103869 1041 1.00%
Harlow 78768 786 1.00%
Basingstoke and Deans 152573 1513 0.99%
Northhampton 194458 1926 0.99%
Colchester 155796 1534 0.98%
Chelmsford 157072 1543 0.98%
London Borough of Bromley 295532 2890 0.98%
Sheffield 513234 5015 0.98%
York 181094 1768 0.98%
South Oxfordshire 128188 1249 0.97%
London Borough of Merton 187908 1830 0.97%
Mole Valley 80287 778 0.97%
London Borough of Greenwich 214403 2073 0.97%
Lancaster 133914 1286 0.96%
East Hertfordshire 128919 1224 0.95%
Reigate and Banstead 126523 1194 0.94%
West Oxfordshire 95640 902 0.94%
Durham 87709 825 0.94%
Woking 89840 844 0.94%
Carrick 87865 825 0.94%
Hastings 85029 794 0.93%
London Borough of Ealing 300948 2761 0.92%
Surrey Heath 80314 735 0.92%
Swindon 180051 1646 0.91%
Dacorum 137799 1255 0.91%
Stevenage 79715 724 0.91%
Uttlesford 68946 620 0.90%
Poole 138288 1241 0.90%
Mid Sussex 127378 1143 0.90%
Epson and Ewell 67059 598 0.89%
Rushcliffe 105599 940 0.89%
Spelthorne 90390 803 0.89%
Isle of Wight 132731 1176 0.89%
South Hams 81849 725 0.89%
Elmbridge 121936 1074 0.88%
Kennet 74838 654 0.87%
Eastleigh 116169 1015 0.87%
North Wiltshire 125372 1095 0.87%
Bedford 147911 1290 0.87%
Worcester 93353 814 0.87%
Crawley 99744 862 0.86%
Lincoln 85595 736 0.86%
Vale of White Horse 115627 993 0.86%
London Borough of Waltham Forest 218341 1865 0.85%
Leicester 279921 2371 0.85%
Cherwell 131785 1108 0.84%
Brentwood 68456 572 0.84%
Mid Bedfordshire 121024 1002 0.83%
Lewes 92177 762 0.83%
Chiltern 89228 732 0.82%
Bridgnorth 52497 429 0.82%
London Borough of Hounslow 212341 1731 0.82%
London Borough of Sutton 179768 1463 0.81%
Chichester 106450 866 0.81%
Eastbourne 89667 729 0.81%
Mid Devon 69774 567 0.81%
West Devon 48843 393 0.80%
Taunton Deane 102299 823 0.80%
London Borough of Barnet 314564 2530 0.80%
Aylesbury Vale 165748 1331 0.80%
London Borough of Croydon 330587 2654 0.80%
North Devon 87508 702 0.80%
South Cambridgeshire 130108 1034 0.79%
Stroud 107898 855 0.79%
South Bedfordshire 112637 888 0.79%
West Wiltshire 118150 931 0.79%
South Northamptonshire 79293 624 0.79%
Salisbury 114613 892 0.78%
Gwynedd 116843 906 0.78%
Babergh 83461 646 0.77%
Sevenoaks 109305 846 0.77%
Coventry 300848 2321 0.77%
Rochford 78489 604 0.77%
Torridge 58965 451 0.76%
Shepway 96238 734 0.76%
Test Valley 109801 837 0.76%
High Peak 89433 681 0.76%
London Borough of Hillingdon 243006 1839 0.76%
Maldon 59418 448 0.75%
Cotswold 80376 604 0.75%
Derby 221708 1662 0.75%
Horsham 122088 915 0.75%
Huntingdonshire 156954 1176 0.75%
Kettering 81844 613 0.75%
Teignbridge 120958 903 0.75%
Weymouth and Portland 63648 475 0.75%
Thanet 126702 942 0.74%
East Northamptonshire 76550 569 0.74%
Medway 249488 1851 0.74%
North Somerset 188564 1394 0.74%
Rutland 34563 255 0.74%
Preston 129633 952 0.73%
Rugby 87453 638 0.73%
Swansea 223301 1623 0.73%
Ashford 102661 745 0.73%
Hertsmere 94450 685 0.73%
New Forest 169331 1228 0.73%
Peterborough 156061 1131 0.72%
Three Rivers 82848 600 0.72%
Basildon 165668 1198 0.72%
Daventry 71838 519 0.72%
London Borough of Brent 263464 1903 0.72%
Epping Forest 120896 873 0.72%
Dartford 85911 620 0.72%
St Edmundsbury 98193 706 0.72%
Luton 184371 1316 0.71%
Braintree 132179 942 0.71%
Oadby and Wigston 55795 391 0.70%
Slough 119067 828 0.70%
Castle Point 86608 601 0.69%
Broxtowe 107570 746 0.69%
West Dorset 92360 639 0.69%
Liverpool 439473 3020 0.69%
Kingston upon Hull 243589 1667 0.68%
Tonbridge and Malling 107561 736 0.68%
Penwith 63012 431 0.68%
North Cornwall 80509 550 0.68%
Malvern Hills (see Great Malvern) 72172 493 0.68%
Ipswich 117069 799 0.68%
Christchurch 44865 302 0.67%
South Bucks 61945 414 0.67%
Chester 118210 790 0.67%
London Borough of Enfield 273559 1828 0.67%
Gosport 76415 510 0.67%
London Borough of Bexley 218307 1456 0.67%
South Norfolk 110710 736 0.66%
Swale 122801 814 0.66%
East Devon 125520 832 0.66%
Arun 140759 932 0.66%
Macclesfield 150155 991 0.66%
Mid Suffolk 86837 573 0.66%
Purbeck 44416 293 0.66%
Trafford 210145 1358 0.65%
South Gloucestershire 245641 1574 0.64%
London Borough of Harrow 206814 1319 0.64%
Tandridge 79267 505 0.64%
Melton 47866 304 0.64%
Salford 216103 1364 0.63%
Calderdale 192405 1211 0.63%
Kerrier 92517 581 0.63%
South Somerset 150969 945 0.63%
South Lakeland 102301 640 0.63%
Gloucester 109885 686 0.62%
Gedling 111787 697 0.62%
Suffolk Coastal 115141 711 0.62%
Torbay 129706 800 0.62%
Stockport 284528 1752 0.62%
Rother 85428 526 0.62%
London Borough of Havering 224248 1365 0.61%
West Somerset 35075 212 0.60%
Havant 116849 705 0.60%
East Cambridgeshire 73214 437 0.60%
Broxbourne 87054 517 0.59%
Stratford-on-Avon 111484 660 0.59%
Pembrokeshire 114131 673 0.59%
Craven 53620 316 0.59%
Thurrock 143128 842 0.59%
Gravesham 95717 559 0.58%
Harrogate 151336 881 0.58%
Restormel 95562 556 0.58%
Harborough 76559 442 0.58%
South Kesteven 124792 717 0.57%
Stafford 120670 692 0.57%
Fylde 73217 417 0.57%
Monmouthshire 84885 482 0.57%
Tendring 138539 782 0.56%
Birmingham 977087 5478 0.56%
Dover 104566 586 0.56%
Tewkesbury 76405 427 0.56%
Bromsgrove 87837 490 0.56%
Vale of Glamorgan 119292 662 0.55%
Telford and Wrekin 158325 874 0.55%
Congleton 90655 499 0.55%
Broadland 118513 647 0.55%
Breckland 121418 659 0.54%
North Norfolk 98382 532 0.54%
Sedgemoor 105881 572 0.54%
Hinckley and Bosworth 100141 538 0.54%
Kirklees 388567 2083 0.54%
Caradon 79649 426 0.53%
London Borough of Redbridge 238635 1276 0.53%
Oswestry 37308 199 0.53%
Rossendale 65652 350 0.53%
Derbyshire Dales 69469 369 0.53%
East Riding of Yorkshire 314113 1666 0.53%
Wealden 140023 742 0.53%
Blaby 90252 472 0.52%
Eden 49777 260 0.52%
Wychavon 112957 590 0.52%
Powys 126354 658 0.52%
Chorley 100449 523 0.52%
East Dorset 83786 436 0.52%
Erewash 110099 571 0.52%
Maidstone 138948 719 0.52%
Tameside 213043 1101 0.52%
Forest of Dean 79982 411 0.51%
Redditch 78807 403 0.51%
Herefordshire 174871 893 0.51%
Wellingborough 72519 369 0.51%
Fareham 107977 546 0.51%
North West Leicestershire 85503 430 0.50%
Shrewsbury and Atcham 95850 477 0.50%
King's Lynn and West Norfolk 135345 669 0.49%
Bury 180608 890 0.49%
Forest Heath 55510 273 0.49%
Wyre 105618 515 0.49%
Tamworth 74531 361 0.48%
Scarborough 106243 508 0.48%
Lichfield 93232 444 0.48%
Tynedale 58808 280 0.48%
London Borough of Barking and Dagenham 163944 778 0.47%
Wirral 312293 1471 0.47%
Newcastle-under-Lyme 122030 574 0.47%
Pendle 89248 419 0.47%
Bradford 467665 2185 0.47%
Middlesbrough 134855 629 0.47%
Rhondda Cynon Taf 231946 1075 0.46%
Stoke-on-Trent 240636 1113 0.46%
South Derbyshire 81562 377 0.46%
Newark and Sherwood 106273 491 0.46%
London Borough of Newham 243891 1125 0.46%
Flintshire 148594 685 0.46%
South Ribble 103867 477 0.46%
Newport 137011 628 0.46%
Crewe and Nantwich 111007 507 0.46%
South Shropshire 40410 184 0.46%
Blackpool 142283 645 0.45%
Ellesmere Port and Neston 81672 370 0.45%
Amber Valley 116471 527 0.45%
Waveney 112342 508 0.45%
North Kesteven 94024 424 0.45%
Solihull 199517 899 0.45%
Conwy 109596 492 0.45%
Warrington 191080 855 0.45%
Vale Royal 122089 544 0.45%
Corby 53174 236 0.44%
Wyre Forest 96981 429 0.44%
Sunderland 280807 1242 0.44%
Carmarthenshire 172842 756 0.44%
North Tyneside 191659 836 0.44%
Tessdale 24457 105 0.43%
Great Yarmouth 90810 388 0.43%
North East Lincolnshire 157979 669 0.42%
Chesterfield 98845 418 0.42%
Ashfield 111387 469 0.42%
East Staffordshire 103770 436 0.42%
South Holland 76522 319 0.42%
Fenland 83519 348 0.42%
Wolverhampton 236582 984 0.42%
Sefton 282958 1172 0.41%
West Lancashire 108378 448 0.41%
Selby 76468 315 0.41%
Ribble Valley 53960 222 0.41%
Bridgend 128645 528 0.41%
Carlisle 100739 411 0.41%
Nuneaton and Bedworth 119132 484 0.41%
Oldham 217273 869 0.40%
Bolton 261037 1042 0.40%
Wrexham 128476 511 0.40%
Bassetlaw 107713 426 0.40%
Denbighshire 93065 368 0.40%
Richmondshire 47010 185 0.39%
Alnwick 31029 122 0.39%
East Lindsey 130447 505 0.39%
North Warwickshire 61859 238 0.38%
Boston 55750 214 0.38%
Barrow-in-Furness 71980 275 0.38%
North Shropshire 57108 218 0.38%
Rochdale 205357 778 0.38%
Wakefield 315172 1193 0.38%
Staffordshire Moorlands 94489 341 0.36%
Darlington 97838 353 0.36%
Hambleton 84111 303 0.36%
Halton 118208 425 0.36%
West Lindsey 79515 283 0.36%
Castle Morpeth 49001 174 0.36%
Mansfield 98181 348 0.35%
Torfaen 90949 322 0.35%
South Staffordshire 105896 373 0.35%
North Lincolnshire 152849 531 0.35%
Anglesey 66829 231 0.35%
Ryedale 50872 175 0.34%
Burnley 89542 303 0.34%
Redcar and Cleveland 139132 470 0.34%
Berwick-upon-Tweed 25949 87 0.34%
North East Derbyshire 96940 321 0.33%
Cannock Chase 92126 305 0.33%
Barnsley 218063 721 0.33%
Caerphilly 169519 557 0.33%
Blyth Valley 81263 267 0.33%
Hyndburn 81498 262 0.32%
Gateshead 191151 607 0.32%
Blackburn with Darwen 137470 431 0.31%
Stockton-on-Tees 178408 553 0.31%
Chester-le-Street 53692 166 0.31%
Wigan 301415 922 0.31%
Dudley 305155 919 0.30%
Doncaster 286866 857 0.30%
Bolsover 71766 212 0.30%
Allerdale 93492 274 0.29%
Sotuh Tyneside 152785 446 0.29%
St. Helens 176843 485 0.27%
Wansbeck 61138 167 0.27%
Rotherham 248175 677 0.27%
Copeland 69318 187 0.27%
Neath Port Talbot 134468 353 0.26%
Sandwell 282904 742 0.26%
Walsall 253499 658 0.26%
Derwentside 85074 211 0.25%
Hartlepool 88611 195 0.22%
Wear Valley 61339 122 0.20%
Merthyr Tydfil 55981 111 0.20%
Blaenau Gwent 70064 130 0.19%
Knowsley 150459 272 0.18%
Sedgefield 87206 153 0.18%
Easington 93993 152 0.16%

Related movementsEdit

For the Australian census of 2006 there was a movement for people to list their religion as 'Pastafarian', a reference to the parody religion worshipping the Flying Spaghetti Monster.[25] A similar "Elf census phenomenon" took place in Russia during the last two censuses (2002 and 2010), when many Tolkien fans listed their ethnicity as "elf". Jediism is a religious movement very similar to this.

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. Wan, William (August 30, 2009). "Soul-Searching on Facebook". The Washington Post: p. A1.
  2. Census of Population and Housing - The 2001 Census, Religion and the Jedi. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved on April 5, 2006.
  3. smh.com.au. May the farce be with you. Retrieved on March 26, 2006.
  4. mrsa.com.au. Jedi followers need more than cyber support. Retrieved on March 26, 2006.
  5. snopes. Retrieved on August 7, 2006.
  6. smh.com.au. Come to your census - no kidding, they're serious. Retrieved on August 29, 2006.
  7. The fate of the Jedi. No Right Turn (2006-12-08). Retrieved on September 16, 2007. “A story in the Dominion-Post has the answer: '... census general manager Nancy McBeth told The Dominion Post there were more than 20,200 followers of the force - down from 54,000 in 2001.'”
  8. The fate of the Jedi. No Right Turn (2006-12-08). Retrieved on September 16, 2007. “A story in the Dominion-Post has the answer: '... census general manager Nancy McBeth told The Dominion Post there were more than 20,200 followers of the force - down from 54,000 in 2001.'”
  9. canada.com. Some 20,000 Canadians worship at the altar of Yoda. Retrieved on June 19, 2006.
  10. statistics.gov.uk. Ethnicity and Religion: Jedi. Retrieved on November 20, 2006.
  11. Taylor, Henry. 'Jedi' religion most popular alternative faith. The Telegraph. Retrieved on December 13, 2012.
  12. theregister.co.uk. UK Jedi get green light. Retrieved on March 26, 2006.
  13. opsi.gov.uk. Census (Amendment) Act 2000. Retrieved on August 14, 2007.
  14. opsi.gov.uk. The Census (Amendment) Order 2000. Retrieved on August 14, 2007.
  15. opsi.gov.uk. The Census (Amendment) Regulations 2000. Retrieved on August 14, 2007.
  16. Census of Population and Housing - The 2001 Census, Religion and the Jedi (PDF).
  17. National Statistics Online (2001), "390,000 Jedis There Are"
  18. publications.parliament.uk. House of Commons Hansard Debates for 21 June 2005. Retrieved on March 20, 2008.
  19. publications.parliament.uk. Racial and Religious Hatred Bill: Standing Committee Debates. Retrieved on August 14, 2007.
  20. publications.parliament.uk. Education and Inspections Bill: Standing Committee Debates. Retrieved on August 14, 2007.
  21. Jedi Knights demand Britain's fourth largest 'religion' receives recognition.
  22. scottishpf.org. The Pagan Federation (Scotland): Complete data for the: Q13 'Another Religion' (Current Religion) and Q14 'Another Religion' (Religion of Upbringing) write-in boxes, Scottish Census of 2001. Retrieved on August 14, 2007.
  23. scotland.gov.uk. Analysis of Religion in the 2001 Census: Summary Report. Retrieved on August 14, 2007.
  24. BBC News. Force is strong for Jedi police. Retrieved on April 17, 2009.
  25. FSM - You know it makes Census. noodlynation.blogspot (July 25 2006). Retrieved on July 27, 2006.

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