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"We all do our part for the Empire."
―Mas Amedda[src]

Mas Amedda was a Chagrian male politician who served in high-ranking government roles during the twilight years of the Galactic Republic and helped establish and administrate its successor state, the Galactic Empire. A native of Champala, Amedda was a talented political actor who filled the role of Vice Chair of the Galactic Senate of the Republic under two Supreme Chancellors on the capital world of Coruscant. His first chancellor, Finis Valorum, was ousted from the office following a Vote of No Confidence in his leadership during the Trade Federation's invasion of the Mid Rim planet Naboo. Amedda weathered the change in administration and retained his post under Valorum's successor, Naboo's Sheev Palpatine. He became a close associate of Palpatine's during his two terms in office and eventually became aware of the chancellor's alter ego as Darth Sidious, a Dark Lord of the Sith intent on reforming the Republic into an autocratic state.

Near the end of Palpatine's second term, thousands of discontented star systems declared their intention to secede from the Republic, sparking the Separatist Crisis and creating a political atmosphere that kept the Supreme Chancellor in power. Amedda was instrumental in helping concentrate authority in the Office of the Chancellor at this time—efforts that culminated with the creation of the Grand Army of the Republic as tensions between the secessionist Confederacy of Independent Systems and Republic devolved into the galaxy-spanning Clone Wars. During the war, Amedda conspired with the Sith Lord to continue the unprecedented militarization of the Republic and marginalize the Senate's role as a body of oversight and consent. Amedda frequently opposed efforts by senators to push for peace with the Confederacy and managed the early stages of the confidential mobile battle station project, which would ultimately produce the Death Star superweapon.

At the end of the war in 19 BBY, Amedda stood with Palpatine as the chancellor used his authority to declare the Jedi Order enemies of the state and transform the Republic into the First Galactic Empire. As the Senate became an increasingly irrelevant body, the Chagrian transitioned to a new role as Grand Vizier of the Empire. In this station he oversaw a rapidly expanding military and civilian bureaucracy and served as the administrative right hand to the newly anointed and increasingly reclusive Emperor Palpatine. The Empire's oppressive and abusive reign was eventually opposed by the Alliance to Restore the Republic during the Galactic Civil War—a rebellion that achieved its greatest victory in 4 ABY, when the Emperor and many other Imperial leaders were killed at the Battle of Endor.

In the aftermath, Amedda was the highest ranking political leader in the Empire. With no control over the Imperial Military, the Grand Vizier was helpless as the New Order fractured and the recently established New Republic seized large parts of the galaxy. Amedda attempted to hold the regime together from Coruscant, but as the throneworld was roiled by civil war, military leaders like Counselor Gallius Rax and Grand Admiral Rae Sloane effectively took control, leaving the Grand Vizier stranded. After attempts at surrender and suicide Amedda was confined to the Imperial Palace by order of Counselor Rax until 5 ABY, when he escaped Coruscant and formally surrendered the Empire by signing the Galactic Concordance, thereby ending the Galactic Civil War. As part of the agreement, he was afforded continual rule on Coruscant as the leader of a provisional government, but under the surveillance of Republic overseers both Amedda and his administration were rendered powerless.

BiographyEdit

Senate stalwartEdit

"Enter the bureaucrat—the true rulers of the Republic. And on the payroll of the Trade Federation, I might add."
―Senator Palpatine, on Amedda's role in the Valorum administration[src]

Mas Amedda was a native of the Chagrian homeworld of Champala[1] in the Inner Rim,[8] living during the latter decades of the Galactic Republic's reign as the preeminent political body in the galaxy.[3] Amedda was an eager and capable politician during this time and achieved the office of Senator in the Republic's Galactic Senate on Coruscant[4] prior to 32 BBY. During his time in the Senate, he served as a committee chairman and worked alongside representatives from the icy world of Vallt in the Outer Rim Territories, who Amedda noted were growing increasingly discontent with their lack of trade support and respect from the Republic.[4]

The Chagrian politician was eventually selected to serve as Vice Chair of the Senate at large—a role that placed him second only to the Supreme Chancellor in the Republic's political hierarchy[4] and installed him as Speaker of the Senate.[2] In this capacity Amedda had a hand in managing the Republic's overwhelming bureaucratic superstructure and advised Chancellor Finis Valorum on matters of Senate procedure.[9] Criticisms about the unresponsiveness of the Republic and pervasive corruption in congress plagued the Valorum administration in this era,[10] and Amedda became embroiled in widespread rumors that he was on the payroll of the Trade Federation.[9] The Neimoidian-run megacorporation had become a significant economic and political force in the Republic over its years of operation and enjoyed both unprecedented representation within the Senate as well as near-complete control of shipping and commerce in the Outer Rim Territories. Much to the chagrin of the Federation, the Senate passed Prop 31-814D in 32 BBY, which authorized the Republic to levy taxes on trade in the Free Trade Zones which had previously been dominated by the Neimoidian's tariffs with little government regulation.[11]

ZodKneelsBeforeAmidala-TPMHD

Amedda calls for order as the Senate demands a recall of Chancellor Valorum.

In protest, the Trade Federation established an illegal blockade[3] around the Mid Rim[12] world of Naboo, cutting off all shipping to the planet. The egregious overstep threw the Senate into crisis, spurring endless debate and further damaging the Valorum administration's political viability.[3] Amedda was notably unhelpful to the Supreme Chancellor at this time and leveraged his bureaucratic power to slow efforts to provide relief to Naboo.[9] The Federation ultimately invaded the world and tried to force its monarch, Queen Padmé Amidala, to legalize the action by signing a treaty with the conglomerate. Instead, she fled with the aid of Jedi negotiators to seek Republic intervention in an appearance before the Senate.[3]

As Vice Chair, Amedda presided over the special session of congress in the Senate Building's convocation chamber alongside Supreme Chancellor Valorum and his administrative aide, Sei Taria. Queen Amidala's appearance before the Senate had been arranged by Naboo's Senator Sheev Palpatine[3]—a rising star with whom Amedda worked to sabotage Valorum's credibility.[13] Together, Palpatine and Amidala presented an impassioned plea for relief from the Trade Federation's predations, but were interrupted and accused of slander by the Federation's representative, Lott Dod. Dod called for a commission to be formed to verify the Naboo's claims and was seconded by Aks Moe of the Congress of Malastare. In spite of his desire to provide relief, Valorum reluctantly deferred to Amedda's procedural advice and sustained the objection, asking that Amidala defer her motion to allow for a commission to be established. On Palpatine's advice, Amidala declined and responded to the chancellor's apparent indecisiveness by calling for a Vote of No Confidence in Valorum's leadership—a motion that proved overwhelmingly popular when the chamber broke out into calls to vote immediately, drowning out Amedda's calls for order.[3]

The motion from the Naboo delegation was successful and Valorum was removed from office. While an election for a new Supreme Chancellor pitted Palpatine against Ainlee Teem of Malastare and Bail Antilles of Alderaan,[3] Amedda served as steward of the Senate.[9] Palpatine rode a wave of public sympathy for Naboo's plight into an electoral victory[3] and kept Amedda as Vice Chair of the Senate, making him an integral part of the new Supreme Chancellor's administration. Palpatine eventually confided in Amedda that his political persona was merely an alter ego—in truth, he was Darth Sidious,[2] a Dark Lord of the Sith and longtime enemy of the Jedi Order. Although the Jedi had long been the protectors of the Republic,[3] Amedda shared the Sith's vision for a strong central government and so became an active participant in Sidious's grand scheme to supplant the ancient democracy with a New Order.[2]

Transforming the RepublicEdit

Secessionist MovementEdit

"This is a crisis. The Senate must vote to give the chancellor emergency powers."
―Mas Amedda to the Loyalist Committee[src]

In the years following Valorum's ouster, Palpatine's administration enjoyed popular approval even as discontent grew in the outlying systems.[11] During this time, Amedda worked with the Supreme Chancellor and his senior aide, the Umbaran Sly Moore to attend to matters of state and gradually concentrate power within the Office of the Chancellor. As talk of secession grew and the Senate and bureaucracy became increasingly ineffective, the administration publicly appeared to be earnestly struggling to hold the Republic together.[11] In truth, Palpatine was stoking the potential for war through the ex-Jedi firebrand Count Dooku, who had become a much-admired proponent of separatism on disaffected worlds.[14] Amedda continued to play the role of loyal Vice Chair of the Senate and worked with the Loyalist Committee to advise the chancellor on how to manage the growing rift in the Republic.[11]

Strength and Unity

The Loyalist Committee's Strength and Unity poster was a major gaffe for Amedda.

Near the end of Palpatine's second term, a slew of worlds seceded from the Republic and formed the Confederacy of Independent Systems, throwing Coruscant into a panic. The Senate suspended the mandated term limits in response to the growing Separatist Crisis, allowing the Supreme Chancellor and his administration to remain in power for a full decade. Around this time, Amedda and the Loyalist Committee focused on rousing Republic patriotism through concerted messaging campaigns that included commissioned works of propaganda. One well-recognized piece, Strength and Unity was conceived by Amedda himself and intended to highlight Rim and Expansion Region peoples within the Republic. The poster was arranged by artist Angilar Bosh and included an image of the Vice Chair to represent the Chagrian people. The self-inclusion was widely criticized in the media and the campaign was marred by accusations of narcissism on Amedda's behalf.[11]

The growing crisis was compounded when the Republic's economy faltered under heavy debt and the Confederacy began military mobilization. Predictions of open war became common and the Republic, which had survived for centuries without a central military, was faced with the decision to create one under the Military Creation Act.[11] Although the administration was publicly dedicated to a peaceful solution to the Separatist Crisis, Amedda and Palpatine worked to promote militarization through political manipulation. In 22 BBY, the Senate was intended to vote on the resolution but the decision was delayed after an attempted assassination of Padmé Amidala, now Senator of Naboo. Amedda escorted Amidala and the rest of the Loyalist Committee to a meeting with the Supreme Chancellor in the immediate aftermath, wherein Palpatine suggested that the senator be put under the protection of the Jedi High Council. The tactic removed Amidala, the leading anti-militarist voice in the Senate, from the capital in advance of the vote, allowing Amedda to circumvent her in his manipulations.[14]

In the following days, it was discovered that a clone army had been created for the Republic in secret on the hidden world of Kamino. Shortly afterwards, Amedda attended a meeting in the Chancellor's office with the Loyalist Committee and Jedi Council wherein Jedi Knight Obi-Wan Kenobi reported that the Confederacy had forged a pact with several galactic megacorporations to manufacture an army of battle droids to wage war against the Republic. The revelations shook the Jedi and Senate, but allowed Amedda to insist that Palpatine be granted emergency powers to handle the crisis. In an attempt to manipulate the Naboo Junior Representative Jar Jar Binks into proposing an emergency powers amendment, Amedda suggested that Senator Amidala would have made the proposal were she available. The tactic was successful, and Binks called for the Supreme Chancellor to be granted immediate emergency authority in lieu of a vote on the Military Creation Act.[14]

The Senate approved the measure in a special session presided over by Palpatine, Amedda, and Moore. The Supreme Chancellor accepted the authorities attached to the wartime powers and activated the clones of Kamino to form the Grand Army of the Republic, which would operate at the behest of the Senate and fight under the command of Jedi Generals. This development was followed shortly by a massive battle on the Separatist foundry world of Geonosis between the Republic and Confederacy—the first conflict of the Clone Wars. In the wake of the battle, Amedda joined the chancellor and members of the Loyalist Committee to observe the Grand Army deploy to the war front from its Coruscant staging grounds.[14]

The Clone WarsEdit

Palpatine's projectsEdit
"How long will it take to develop this…marvel of technology? I need an estimate."
"Very difficult to say. Many of the greatest minds in the Republic are working on it. Nevertheless, the weapon will require something truly novel in the realm of energy enhancement. A breakthrough of, dare I say, galactic proportions."
―Mas Amedda and Doctor Gubacher discuss the development of the Death Star[src]
Parade

Amedda joined Palpatine and the Loyalist Committee to oversee the launch of the Grand Army of the Republic.

At the outset of the Clone Wars, Chancellor Palpatine directed Mas Amedda to establish and direct the Strategic Advisory Cell—a wartime strategy council tasked with the most classified Republic military projects. Within the first year of the war, the cell consisted of 150 members, including the Vice Chair, his advisers, representatives of Republic-allied industrial firms, as well as members of the Special Weapons Group, the War Production Board, the Army, Navy, and the Commission for the Protection of the Republic. All members of the group were subject to the Official Secrets Oath which protected their work from the Jedi and much of the Senate. One of Amedda's early recruits to the Strategic Advisory Cell was Orson Callan Krennic, a Lieutenant Commander with the Corps of Engineers who had directed the redesign of the Republic Center for Military Operations.[4]

Early in the conflict, the Republic and Confederacy entered into a protracted campaign on Malastare to control the native Dugs' greatest resource, Malastarian fuel. On the occasion of the Republic's ultimate victory in the battle, an ancient and massive Zillo Beast was awakened. Palpatine was intrigued by the monster's apparent invulnerability to all attacks and so ordered that it be subdued and brought to Coruscant for further study. Upon its arrival on the capital, Amedda joined the Supreme Chancellor and Doctor Sionver Boll to witness the beast's transfer to a research facility in the Republic Science and Technical Center. The chancellor hoped to study and replicate the monster's armor for use in the Grand Army, but Doctor Boll admitted it would be impossible to do so without removing the scales from the beast. Although Amedda cautioned Palpatine on his approach, the chancellor decided to have the Zillo Beast killed so its secrets could be unlocked.[15]

The Jedi, who were involved in its original capture on Malastare, were opposed to the beast's presence on Coruscant and the plan to kill it for the sake of study. On the Jedi Council's behalf, Senator Padmé Amidala and Jedi Knight Anakin Skywalker called a meeting with Amedda and Palpatine in the Senate Office Building to discuss the issue. Amedda was largely dismissive of Amidala's concerns, but he and the chancellor were able to convince Skywalker that the decision to kill the Zillo Beast was in the best interest of the war effort. During the meeting, Amedda received word from Doctor Boll that she had managed to synthesize Malastarian fuel into a toxic gas that could hypothetically kill the monster. Palpatine gave the order to execute the beast, but the endeavor was unsuccessful; the Zillo became agitated by the gas and broke free from the Science and Technical Center to rampage across the Coruscant cityscape. The beast was finally destroyed by Republic and Jedi forces when it attacked the Senate Office Building and endangered Chancellor Palpatine and Senator Amidala.[15]

Death Star-RO U Visual Guide

Development of the Death Star began under Amedda's coordination of the Strategic Advisory Cell.

Shortly after the Second Battle of Geonosis in the second year of the war, the Strategic Advisory Cell began holding weekly briefings on its projects. During the second of these briefings, Supreme Chancellor Palpatine joined Mas Amedda to present to the council impressive but incomplete designs for a massive deep-space mobile battle station that would later be known as the Death Star. Although the ambitious plans were allegedly created by the Separatists on Geonosis before falling into Republic hands, the captured Geonosian Archduke Poggle the Lesser insisted that the Confederacy was not building the station. Nevertheless, the Republic intelligence community disagreed, allowing Palpatine and Amedda to use the threat of a Confederate battle platform to secure funding and launch the development of the planet-killer superweapon for the Republic using the same design. The early stages of the project were carried out under the administration of the Vice Chair and the Strategic Advisory Cell, with specific design and oversight tasks delegated to subcommittees and member agencies.[4]

Within several months, construction in the now-restricted Geonosis system was well underway, with project member Doctor Gubacher reporting at a Strategic Advisory Cell briefing that labor droids had completed the station's prime meridian. Although the gathered members of the Cell were eager to discuss the acquisition of a sentient labor force for the interior of the station, Amedda pushed on to one of the key design gaps in the original plan: the superstructure's primary weapon. The cell was still uncertain what variety of weapon the Confederacy had intended on installing into the station's primary array, and Special Weapons Group lead scientist Professor Sahali insisted to Amedda that planet-killing armament on that scale would require a scientific breakthrough.[4]

Shortly after the briefing, Amedda met with Lieutenant Commander Krennic, who was now the coordinator of the Special Weapons Group's scientific researchers. Krennic was eager to impress the Vice Chair and exert greater influence over the project, and so suggested to Amedda that his team required the participation of Galen Erso, a noted polymath and academic authority on energy enhancement. Although Amedda was skeptical, Krennic explained that Erso had been under the employ of Zerpen Industries and nearing a breakthrough in kyber crystal energy output. Erso had been captured months prior when Separatist proxies staged a coup on Vallt, accusing the scientist of espionage. The Vice Chair was inclined to dismiss the importance of an anti-war neutralist researcher, but Krennic convinced him that if the Republic did not rescue and recruit Erso, the Confederacy would coerce him into service. Amedda remained wary but gave implicit consent to Lietenant Commander Krennic to arrange for Erso's release.[4]

Neutralist affairsEdit
"It proves what I've been saying all along—Death Watch is out of control. The Republic must step in and help."
"No, wait! I didn't—"
"You can't keep them reined in, obviously, so we will."
―Mas Amedda and Duchess Satine Kryze of Mandalore[src]

Throughout the Clone Wars, the Republic struggled with a number of systems that, despite being members of the Senate, resisted any participation in the war effort and openly rejected Jedi and military assistance. These worlds banded together in the Council of Neutral Systems under the leadership of Duchess Satine Kryze of Mandalore, who was particularly critical of the Republic's increasing militarism. However, when agents of the Mandalorian Death Watch terrorist organization allied with the Confederacy and threatened to topple Kryze's government, Amedda and Palpatine pushed the Senate to authorize an occupation of Mandalore.[16]

PalpandMas-DoM

Amedda and Palpatine hear the testimony of Duchess Satine Kryze.

During a session of the wartime Senate, Amedda presided over the chamber as senators debated the potential threat that Death Watch posed to the people of Mandalore and the virtue of a Republic occupation. Duchess Kryze, having traveled to Coruscant to attend the session, forcefully argued against intervention and asserted the right of her people to remain neutral in the war. Speaking from the podium, Amedda dismissed her claims as unreasonable idealism, but Kryze held firm. Ultimately, Palpatine and Amedda won the debate when they presented to the Senate a prerecorded holographic testimony from the late Mandalorian Deputy Minister Jerec. Although Jerec was an ally of the Duchess, his testimony—which had been doctored as part Sidious's scheme to drag Mandalore into the war—claimed that the Republic military needed to intervene as Kryze was unwilling to admit that her pacifist crusade had failed.[16]

The vote on the resolution to invade Mandalore was scheduled for the following day, but after an attempt on Kryze's life, Amedda and Palpatine advanced it to that evening. The two of them met with the Duchess during the vote but neglected to inform her that the Senate was currently deciding the fate of her world. Instead, Amedda argued with Kryze that the assassination attempt was further evidence that her administration was incapable of managing the Death Watch threat without Republic assistance. By the time the meeting was over, the Senate had approved the resolution and the Republic military prepared for an invasion of Mandalore.[16]

That night, Kryze was accused of murder when an informant was killed after providing her with Jerec's undoctored testimony. The Duchess went into hiding overnight but was able to deliver the holodisc to Senator Amidala, who presented Deputy Minister Jerec's true testimony to the Senate the following day. The undoctored footage proved that Jerec had in fact supported Mandalore's neutrality and Duchess Kryze, a revelation that convinced the Senate to rescind the approval for occupation. In the aftermath of their defeat on the Mandalore issue, he Vice Chair and Chancellor met with Kryze, Amidala, and the Jedi to offer the Duchess a formal apology. The two then joined Senator Amidala to discuss the logistics of ratifying the Senate's vote.[16]

YoungOrson

Orson Krennic was eager to prove himself to Amedda, but frequently overstepped his bounds.

Amedda later presided over congressional sessions focused on the Trade Federation's blockade of Pantora, wherein Pantoran senator Riyo Chuchi argued before the Senate that the Federation was working in league with the Confederacy to persuade her people to secede from the Republic. Federation representative Lott Dod denied the claims, falsely asserting that, as neutralists, the conglomerate's affiliation with the Separatists remained strictly commercial and that the blockade was merely an effort to force Pantora to fulfill its trade debts. Amedda and Palpatine were again present when, days later, Dod was forced to apologize to Chuchi when it came to light that the blockade was indeed a scheme orchestrated by Trade Federation Viceroy and Separatist Council member Nute Gunray.[17]

Construction on the Death Star continued, but Amedda was growing increasingly cynical about Orson Krennic's endeavors. Following their discussion about Galen Erso, Krennic had enlisted Republic Intelligence operatives and naval forces to perform a prisoner swap and assault on Vallt. Despite the effort, Erso had still not consented to join the Special Weapons Group and furthermore, Krennic had met with and discussed the battlestation with the captive Poggle the Lesser without prior approval. Amedda confronted the Lieutenant Commander after a Strategic Advisory Cell briefing, demanding to know who authorized him to launch an attack on Vallt. Krennic explained that the sector admiral had given the green light in accordance with a deal struck with the neutralist Zerpin Industries. The Vice Chair conceded that the recapture of Vallt was of strategic benefit to the Republic, but still scolded Krennic for neglecting the chain of command, meeting with the Geonosian archduke, and failing to recruit Erso into the project. To Amedda's surprise, Krennic had levied the meeting with Poggle into an arrangement wherein the Geonosian would be returned to his homeworld in exchange for his people serving as a labor force in the orbiting Death Star construction site. The Erso situation proved more complex, as the pacifist scientist was staunchly opposed to military work, but Krennic assured Amedda that the doctor would soon join the cause.[4]

Deregulation and defense spendingEdit
"Let us now vote on Senator Burtoni's bill to fund five million additional clones."
"The opposition to this bill must be allowed to speak first!"
―Mas Amedda and Senator Mon Mothma[src]

As the Clone Wars dragged on and became increasingly costly for the Republic, Amedda worked closely with the militarist wing of the Senate, who pushed aggressively to further fund the war effort. Discussion in congress was largely focused on the economic stability of the government under the strain of war and Amedda presided over one such debate addressing an emergency financial reform bill proposed by Techno Union representative Gume Saam. The Vice Chair attempted to moderate the raucous argument over the legislation—which would open new lines of credit to finance the war by deregulating the galactic banking industry—but fiscal conservative senators like Bail Organa of Alderaan and defense hawks like Halle Burtoni of Kamino filled the chamber with crosstalk. Although Senator Amidala was able to seize the floor, her suggestion that the Republic sue for peace with the Confederacy was shouted down. Amedda ended the session after a motion from Organa called for further study on the deregulation question before a vote was conducted.[18]

AmeddaTanoPalpatineAmidala-HoBS

Amedda and Palpatine discuss the Separatist peace initiative with Senator Amidala and Padawan Tano.

Days later, Amedda and Palpatine met with Amidala and Jedi Padawan Ahsoka Tano in the chancellor's office, where the Naboo senator reported that the Separatist Parliament had voted to advance a peace initiative with the Republic. The Chancellor attempted to convince Amidala that any talk of peace among the Separatists was disingenuous, but Amidala revealed that she had personally coordinated the vote with her her former colleague, Separatist Senator Mina Bonteri. Palpatine and Amedda agreed to hold a vote on the peace initiative, but the Dark Lord of the Sith had already put plans into motion that would derail any move to end the war and ensure the passage of the deregulation bill.[18]

When the Senate reconvened to vote on Senator Saam's measure, it appeared as though news of the Separatist's peace movement had convinced the congress that bank deregulation and further war funding was unnecessary. However, just as Amedda called for the legislators to vote on the bill, explosions rocked the Senate District and mass blackouts spread across Coruscant. The Senate took a short recess before reconvening under emergency lighting, where it was revealed that the bombing was a terrorist attack carried out on the ecumenopolis's central power distribution grid by Confederate demolition droids. Amidala continued her anti-war plea, but the Vice Chair declared that the Separatist peace initiative was an obvious ploy to distract from terrorist activities. The Senate was incensed, which allowed Palpatine to call for approval of the financial reform bill,[18] ensuring its overwhelming approval.[19]

The following day, Amedda and Palpatine convened the Senate to formally respond to the Separatist peace offer and the bombing. Amidala refused to give up her crusade, but the congress had largely turned against prospect of peace. Instead, Senator Burtoni proposed a bill of her own, which would authorize the purchase of five million additional Clone troopers by securing a loan from the now-deregulated InterGalactic Banking Clan. Amedda interrupted debate over the measure by informing the Chancellor that a communique had been received from Count Dooku, in which the Confederate Head of State accused the Republic of assassinating Mina Bonteri, the architect of the Separatist peace movement. In the aftermath, the Chancellor and Vice Chair ushered the Senate towards approving the defense appropriations bill;[19] Amedda worked with Senators Burtoni, Mot-Not Rab and Mee Deechi[20] while Palpatine arranged for opposition representatives to be intimidated by hired thugs.[19]

When the bill proceeded to the floor, it appeared the legislation would pass easily. Opposition leader Bail Organa had been injured in an intimidation scheme and Amidala's efforts to persuade senators to vote against the bill floundered. Amedda pushed the bill to a vote over the protests of Senator Mon Mothma, but was interrupted by the arrival of Amidala, who intended to speak in Organa's place. Her impassioned plea convinced many across Coruscant to oppose the legislation,[19] but the bill passed regardless.[20] In a private meeting after the vote, Palpatine admitted to Amedda that he was troubled by the anti-war senator's ability to sway public opinion.[19]

PhaseIIArmor-SM

Amedda views Phase II clone trooper armor plans with several militarist senators.

In the aftermath of the vote, the anti-war faction rallied around Amidala and her ally, Rodian senator Onaconda Farr, to push a piece of counter-legislation that would slash the Republic's defense budget and undo Burtoni's victory. Amedda watched as Amidala delivered yet another well-received speech in support of her legislation, despite the high degree of partisanship in the convocation chamber. Shortly afterward, Senator Farr died of apparent heart failure, leading to a Coruscant Security Force investigation and a postponed vote on the new appropriations bill. Amedda attended Farr's funeral alongside the Chancellor and several other senators and dignitaries. After the service, Amedda joined the Chancellor in his office for a meeting with Security Force Inspector Tan Divo, as well as Senators Amidala, Organa, Mothma, Orn Free Taa, and the Rodian Junior Representative Lolo Purs. Divo revealed to the gathered leaders that Senaor Farr had been murdered by way of poison, but assured them that he had the investigation under control.[20]

Amedda continued to meet with Senate leadership and Lieutenant Divo throughout the investigation. After the Umbaran militarist leader, Senator Mee Deechi, was found murdered in his office, Divo sequestered the congressional leaders and arrested Senator Burtoni for both assassinations. The Kaminoan was brought before the Chancellor, Vice Chair, and anti-war leadership for a brief interrogation from Divo, who explained to the assembly that forensic evidence showed Farr was killed by a Rodian-specific poison from Kamino. During the arrest, Lolo Purs admitted to having murdered Farr for his previous support for the Confederacy and Deechi for possessing information related to the Farr's assassination. Purs was arrested and Burtoni was released, and the Senate eventually returned to regular business to vote on Amidala and Farr's bill—which it rejected. The Vice Chair joined the Chancellor's retinue after the vote when Palpatine advised Amidala to trust in the war effort to achieve security.[20]

Conspiracy and collusionEdit
"Isn't it remarkable that one can have all the power in the galaxy and yet, the words of a single senator can sway the thoughts of millions?"
"What do you plan to do about this?"
"For now, we must adhere to the principles of our democracy. We must let the wheels of the Senate turn."
―Darth Sidious and Amedda discuss Amidala's opposition[src]

In the third year of the war,[21] Palpatine's administration and the Jedi Council were rattled by reports that Dooku had hired criminal mastermind Moralo Eval to kidnap the Supreme Chancellor. Eval was preemptively captured by Republic forces and imprisoned at the Republic Judiciary Central Detention Center, but Amedda and Palpatine were still subjected to enhanced security from the 501st Legion and Coruscant Guard. Eval escaped the Detention Center days before the Vice Chair and Chancellor were scheduled to travel to Naboo for the Festival of Light, but the Chancellor remained committed to making the trip despite the obvious danger.[22]

Mas Naboo

Mas Amedda with Generals Windu and Skywalker, Chancellor Palpatine, Senator Amidala, and Queen Neeyutnee in Theed on Naboo

Amedda and Palpatine were escorted to Naboo by Jedi Master Mace Windu, Jedi Knight Anakin Skywalker, and a contingent of clone shock troopers aboard a Jedi T-6 shuttle. Upon arrival in the capital city of Theed, they were met by Queen Neeyutnee, Governor Sio Bibble, and Senators Amidala and Organa as security and boarding arrangements were finalized. At the ceremony that evening, Amedda and the other dignitaries joined Palpatine on a scenic overlook outside of Theed Royal Palace, where the Supreme Chancellor delivered a speech to commemorate Naboo's entry into the Republic. Although the gathering was protected by Senate Guards, shock troopers, Jedi, and a ray shield, one of Eval's bounty hunter associates managed to detonate the shield generator, thereby throwing the crowd into a panic. While Amedda and other high-value guests were escorted away by Jedi Padawan Ahsoka Tano, the Jedi foiled Eval's kidnapping plot and arrested the bounty hunter perpetrators. The following morning, Amedda returned to Coruscant alongside most of the chancellor's security retinue.[23]

In his private role as attendant to the Dark Lord of the Sith, Amedda was by Darth Sidious's side as news circulated that the former Sith apprentice, Darth Maul, was alive and building a shadow army to challenge the Jedi, Sith, Republic, and Confederacy in the final year of the war. The Dark Lord was deeply troubled by this development and so asked Amedda to arrange secret transport to Mandalore, which had been taken over by Maul.[24] A short time later, Amedda joined a congressional delegation and military representatives to attend funerary services for six Jedi who were killed in a terrorist bombing of the Jedi Temple.[25] Padawan Ahsoka Tano was later arrested for the crime and excommunicated from the Jedi Order, allowing for her to be tried before a Republic Military–Senate tribunal. Mas Amedda served as a bailiff for the court, calling it to order under Supreme Chancellor Palpatine, who served as judge. Although Senator Amidala spoke passionately as defense litigator, she and Tano were unable to answer many of the accusations levied by the prosecution, represented by admiral[26] and adjutant general,[4] Wilhuff Tarkin. Just as a jury of senators transmitted their verdict to the Vice Chair, the proceedings were interrupted by Anakin Skywalker, who claimed to have identified the true culprit: Jedi Padawan Barriss Offee. Offee admitted to the bombing before the tribunal and was taken into custody while Tano was released.[26]

Amedda was again involved in Sidious's conspiracies to subvert the Jedi when clone trooper CT-5385 executed Jedi General Tiplar at the Battle of Ringo Vinda, seemingly unwarranted. After the clone fell into a state of psychosis and died, it was revealed that Advanced Recon Commando CT-5555 had removed the inhibitor chips that Kaminoans implanted in the brains of all clones at birth. On Palpatine's orders, he was transported to the Grand Republic Medical Facility on Coruscant; Mas Amedda was at the facility to greet the clone and his escort, Jedi Master Shaak Ti and Kaminoan Chief Medical Scientist Nala Se. The Vice Chair led the party into an operating theater where the Supreme Chancellor waited to hear directly from the clone, Jedi, and Kaminoan. After a brief discussion on the cause of CT-5385's breakdown, Amedda escorted Ti and Se from the room so Palpatine could speak privately with CT-5555. When the three of them heard a violent clatter from within the operating theater, they rushed back in to find the clone attempting to assassinate the chancellor. CT-5555 escaped, but Palpatine retrieved what he needed: the extracted clone inhibitor chips. Unbeknownst to both the Jedi and the clones, the chips were part of Sidious's plan to turn the Grand Army against the Order. After CT-5555 was found and killed, Amedda joined Palpatine in a meeting with members of the Jedi Council, where the two of them presented false information on the cause of the clone's breakdowns, thereby protecting the Dark Lord's plot.[27]

Rise of the New OrderEdit

Early nationalizationEdit
"I believe that in these dangerous times, the Bank must be protected at all costs. And a man who has no allegiance to either side, and the support of the Muun people, is our best hope."
"Then we shall put it to a vote.[…] A resounding majority in support of the nomination!"
―Palpatine and Amedda arrange for the installation of Clovis as head of the Banking Clan[src]

In the advanced stages of the Clone Wars, Palpatine and Amedda moved aggressively to centralize significant swaths of the the Republic's government and economy into the authority of the Chancellor's Office. The administration found a major victory in this effort when Darth Sidious targeted the InterGalactic Banking Clan, which controlled the galactic banking industry and operated under the combined legal purview of the Republic, Confederacy, and the Muun government. In a carefully orchestrated scheme by the Sith, Senator Amidala and disgraced former senator-turned-Banking Clan adjudicator Rush Clovis revealed that efforts to secure funding for the Supreme Chancellor's refugee initiative had uncovered evidence showing that the Banking Clan was defrauding its clients; the banks' main vault had been emptied by the the Banking Clan's Muun leadership, the Core Five, and loans to both the Republic and Confederacy were financed exclusively by the paid interest from the opposing sides. Further, the Separatists began altogether refusing to repay the interest on their loans, threatening complete economic collapse. Amedda was present at a meeting in the Chancellor's Office, where Palpatine, the Jedi Council, and Senator Organa were briefed on the situation my Amidala and Clovis. Although the files indicating fraud were damning, distrust of Clovis and a lack of evidence on the secret accounts receiving the embezzled funds spurred only an investigation into the matter.[28]

Sidious's machinations allowed the investigation to uncover the secret accounts, and a short time later Amedda was again in a meeting with the chancellor, Amidala, and Clovis. This time, they were joined by Banking Clan official Mak Plain and representatives from the Muun government who reported that the Core Five had been arrested on the evidence provided by Clovis's investigation. Following the meeting, the Vice Chair presided over an emergency Senate session wherein Clovis testified against the Banking Clan leadership and asked for a formal nomination to take control of the Clan from the Core Five. Despite having been implicated in a treason plot with Lott Dod prior to the Second Battle of Geonosis, Clovis's candidacy was championed by Amidala, who claimed that the former senator was the only figure who could be approved by both the Republic and Confederacy.[28]

Against significant misgivings about his allegiance, endorsements from the Muuns and the supreme chancellor pushed the Senate to overwhelmingly approve Clovis as the new head of the Banking Clan. Amedda announced the results of the vote, which was ratified by the Separatist Parliament.[28] The new InterGalactic Banking Clan chairman returned to the Bank's headquarters on Scipio, where he seized control from the Core Five and quickly declared a significant interest rate hike on Republic loans. News of the hike quickly reached Coruscant, where the Amedda and Palpatine convened an emergency gathering of the Senate to discuss the development. The congress was irate, with senators declaring that the sudden rate hike proved Clovis's loyalty to the Separatists. The debate was interrupted by news that the Banking Clan would not be imposing any similar rate hike on Confederate loans.[29]

Death of the RepublicEdit
"Senator Organa…the Supreme Chancellor requests your presence at a special session of Congress. He is expecting you."
―Vice Chair Amedda, to Senator Organa[src]
Declaration

Amedda during the proclamation of the New Order, accompanying Palpatine and his chief advisor Sly Moore

Following the Battle of Coruscant, Amedda accompanied the Chancellor in the Galaxies Opera House to a performance of the Mon Calamari play Squid Lake. However, Palpatine dismissed him and his other aides upon the arrival of Skywalker, to whom he told the story of Darth Plagueis, his Sith Master, as part of his plan to seduce Skywalker to the dark side of the Force. Shortly afterwards, following the Jedi's attempt to arrest Palpatine, the Chancellor would begin a purge of the Jedi Order with Order 66 and ordering the Attack on the Jedi Temple. After this Vice Chair Amedda would recall all senators to a special session of the Senate, where he stood next to Palpatine who proclaimed that the Republic would be transformed into the Galactic Empire to ensure security and stability after the Clone Wars and the defeat of the Confederacy of Independent Systems and the so-called Jedi rebellion with the Jedi Order all but destroyed.[30]

Age of the EmpireEdit

Grand VizierEdit

Holding office

The Emperor with Amedda below the Imperial Senate

Silently, Amedda saw as the newly-proclaimed Emperor conferred with his new apprentice, Skywalker (recently re-christened as "Darth Vader"), that he had already eliminated the Separatist Council on Mustafar and the Emperor ordered Vader to send a shutdown signal to the entire Separatist Droid Army. However, when Grand Master Yoda appeared to duel the Emperor, who attacked the small Jedi Master, Amedda left the room only to reunite with the Emperor once Yoda fled the Senate Chamber. While he oversaw Yoda's search by the clone troopers, he followed the Emperor's orders to tell Captain Kagi to prepare him a shuttle, so that he could go to the Mustafar system to rescue Vader.[30]

Five years later, Amedda still served the Emperor, now under the position of Grand Vizier of the Imperial Ruling Council, becoming one of the Emperor's most valued advisers, as well as the Empire's most formidable intermediary. After the Emperor had retired from public life, Amedda and the rest of the Ruling Council took to dispatching processions of Imperial skylimos to maintain an illusion that the Emperor still moved about in public.[6]

Grand Vizier Amedda

Mas Amedda, Grand Vizier of the Galactic Empire.

When the Imperial Security Bureau reported the discovery of a cache of communications devices capable of a HoloNet sabotage on Murkhana, Amedda recommended the ISB to open the investigation to discussion with the Ruling Council and Imperial Intelligence.[6]

Three weeks later, following an attack on Sentinel Base, Amedda contacted Moff Wilhuff Tarkin to tell him of the Emperor's request of his presence on Coruscant, but revealed nothing as to why Palpatine wanted their reunion. On Tarkin's arrival to the Imperial Palace, Amedda received and led the Moff to a meeting with Vader, who after a short conversation led Tarkin to the Emperor. Along with Vader and Tarkin, Amedda was later present at a meeting of Ruling Council and the heads of the Security Bureau and Naval Intelligence Agency concerning the Murkhana discovery, presided by the Emperor himself, until Amedda used his staff to finish the session up, claiming that the Emperor would take the matter under advisement. Later, Amedda informed Tarkin of his mission to Murkhana alongside Vader, though the Chagrian told the Moff nothing of who was in command of the mission, and later, told the Emperor about Tarkin's displeasure at the assignment.[6]

Once Tarkin's ship, the Carrion Spike was shipjacked by insurgents and used to attack Galidraan Station, Amedda and Ars Dangor were dispatched by the Emperor to meet with the intelligence officers Harus Ison, Dodd Rancit and Terrinald Screed, where he was angered at their recommendation to let the Carrion go and told them of the threat of dissidence, when the report of an attack on Lucazec arrived. As the situation progressed, Amedda continued to meet with the Ruling Council and the Emperor, who eventually asked him to summon the ISB agents responsible for the Murkhana discovery. As the Emperor interrogated Bracchia and Stellan, Amedda, 11-4D and a pair of Royal Guards listened to Sidious, who discovered the dubious involvement of Vice Admiral Rancit with the insurgents.[6]

Fourteen years after the rise of the Empire, Amedda continued to hold the position of Grand Vizier. At one point, as the Emperor was unavailable, Amedda received Governor Arihnda Pryce from Lothal to discuss Lothal's industrial and mining sectors on her visit to Coruscant.[31]

Galactic Civil WarEdit

"You do understand what will happen to you if you do not recover that ship, Commander Pasqual."
"Of course, my Lord Amedda."
―Amedda warns Pasqual not to fail in recovering the Emperor's ship[src]
Amedda Pasqual

Amedda is informed by Pasqual of the theft of the Imperialis

Some time after the Empire's Death Star was destroyed by the Alliance to Restore the Republic, a rebel organization created to fight back against the Empire, at the Battle of Yavin. During the turmoil, Amedda was contacted on Coruscant by Commander Pasqual, informing him that the Emperor's pleasure craft, Imperialis, which was docked at Sienar Fleet Systems Orbital Shipyard CC-24 above the Colonies world of Castell, had been stolen. Amedda ordered Pasqual to recover the ship at once, reminding him that he had already failed in keeping the ship secured. Amedda went before Emperor Palpatine, and informed him of his ship's theft.[32]

Emperor de jureEdit

"Youyou're serious. You want me to surrenderthe entire Galactic Empire?"
"That's right."
"I don't…"
"You don't have the power, do you?"
"I…"
"So, get it back. And then bring a treaty to our door."
―Grand Vizier Mas Amedda and Senator Leia Organa, on Velusia[src]

Amedda had the massive task of keeping the Empire together after Palpatine's death at the Battle of Endor[33], acting as proxy Emperor. In reality, he held little real influence beyond the throneworld of Coruscant. His reign was troubled from the beginning, as whole sectors of Coruscant started to revolt, and Fleet Admiral Gallius Rax refused to allow Grand Admiral Rae Sloane of the Imperial Navy to send reinforcements to Amedda, as the throneworld had no place in his vision of a renewed Empire. As Amedda's powers and influence faded, with Rax replacing him as de facto emperor and his control over most of Coruscant waning, he would, in his despair and desperation, seek to turn himself over to New Republic. He saw himself as a prize of the highest priority, eventually making his way to a meeting with Chancellor Mon Mothma and Princess and Senator Leia Organa on Velusia. However, his plan would fail, as they refused to accept him as a prisoner and instead demanded he find a way to gain full control of the Galactic Empire to ensure a complete surrender.[34]

After returning back to Coruscant, Amedda considered suicide by jumping off of one of the Imperial Palace's balconies. However, as he made his way back into his office, he realized that he had a visitor. Sloane was sitting in his office, and, initially, Amedda thought she had come to kill him. To his surprise, the Grand Admiral handed him a picture. It showed Palpatine, Amedda himself, Vice Admirals Screed and Rancit, Wullf Yularen and a young boy. Sloane was curious about the boy in the picture. When he attempted to reach for his blaster, Sloane revealed that she had it. Remembering Mothma's words about him just being an administrator, Amedda decided that, to gain the Empire back in his grip, he would need to strike an alliance with Sloane. He confirmed Sloane's suspicions about the picture: the young boy was indeed Gallius Rax. Amedda then offered Sloane a way to find out who Rax was and where he came from. In return for the location of this crucial information, Amedda wanted to become a part of Sloane's Empire. After Sloane agreed, Amedda revealed the droids that contained the information Sloane sought were aboard the wreckage of the Imperalis on Quantxi, the junk moon of Ord Mantell.[34]

Captivity and surrenderEdit

During the final months of the Galactic Civil War, Amedda was confined to the Imperial Palace by soldiers loyal to Rax. Using intimidation tactics such as the threat of death or torture, Rax forced Amedda to broadcast propaganda speeches praising the Counselor and urging the Empire to maintain the war effort. When a group of children infiltrated the Palace, initially seeking to assassinate the Grand Vizier, Amedda promised to surrender the Empire and end the war if they facilitated his escape. The young Coruscanti agreed and with their assistance, Amedda went into hiding. He would later recount the experience, crediting the gaggle of children who rescued him from captivity.[7]

Following Rax's death at the Battle of Jakku, Amedda reemerged and—with the military shattered into ineffective remnants—was free to represent the Empire at the signing of the Galactic Concordance. Unlike other Imperial officials who were convicted of war crimes, the Republic spared Amedda and allowed him to resume his rule on Coruscant as the leader of a provisional government. However, Republic officials would oversee his administration to ensure that the Grand Vizier remained little more than a figurehead of a powerless government.[7]

LegacyEdit

Mas Amedda would be remembered as a willing, yet weak-willed participant in the establishment of the Galactic Empire. The media and history books both portrayed him as a sycophant and lackey of Emperor Palpatine.[7]

Personality and traitsEdit

"It is unfortunate that the beast must die, Senator, but the greater good demands it."
"How is killing the last of a species, in secret and without debate, good for anyone?"
"Don't you have more pressing issues that require your attention today?"
"No, Mister Speaker, I do not."
―Mas Amedda and Senator Amidala discuss the Zillo Beast[src]
"But it was the Separatist Congress that issued the bill of peace!"
"Obviously a tactic to lower our defenses and launch this attack!"
―Senator Amidala and Mas Amedda[src]
Chagrian AA

Mas Amedda in the Galactic Senate.

Mas Amedda's booming voice often called for order when the partisan nature of the Republic's government degenerated into pointless bickering. In a gesture of authority, he would often punctuate such calls with a flicker of his long, forked tongue.[2]

Amedda was a Chagrian male who stood at 1.96 meters.[2] The color of both his skin and eyes were blue.[3]

Behind the scenesEdit

Mas Amedda was played by Jerome Blake in The Phantom Menace, David Bowers in Attack of the Clones, and by both Blake and Bowers in Revenge of the Sith. In Star Wars: The Clone Wars, he was voiced by Stephen Stanton.

AppearancesEdit

SourcesEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Star Wars Journeys: Beginnings
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 StarWars-DatabankII Mas Amedda in the Databank
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 Star Wars: Episode I The Phantom Menace
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 Catalyst: A Rogue One Novel
  5. Star Wars: Episode III Revenge of the Sith
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 Tarkin
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 Aftermath: Empire's End
  8. Star Wars: The Force Awakens Beginner Game
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 Encyclopedia-Logo Mas Amedda in the Encyclopedia (link now obsolete; backup link on Archive.org)
  10. StarWars-DatabankII Supreme Chancellor Valorum in the Databank
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 Star Wars Propaganda: A History of Persuasive Art in the Galaxy
  12. Ultimate Star Wars
  13. Star Wars Character Encyclopedia: Updated and Expanded
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 Star Wars: Episode II Attack of the Clones
  15. 15.0 15.1 TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "The Zillo Beast Strikes Back"
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.3 TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Duchess of Mandalore"
  17. TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Sphere of Influence"
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Heroes on Both Sides"
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 19.3 19.4 TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Pursuit of Peace"
  20. 20.0 20.1 20.2 20.3 TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Senate Murders"
  21. Star Wars: Galactic Atlas
  22. TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Friends and Enemies"
  23. TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Crisis on Naboo"
  24. {{TCW|The Lawless]}
  25. TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "The Jedi Who Knew Too Much"
  26. 26.0 26.1 TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "The Wrong Jedi"
  27. TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Orders"
  28. 28.0 28.1 28.2 TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "The Rise of Clovis"
  29. TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Crisis at the Heart"
  30. 30.0 30.1 Star Wars: Episode III Revenge of the Sith
  31. New HNN HoloNet News Exclusive: Mas Amedda receives Governor Arihnda Pryce for Lothal report (link)
  32. Lando, Part I
  33. Lost Stars
  34. 34.0 34.1 34.2 34.3 34.4 34.5 Aftermath: Life Debt

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