|Type of government||
| Historical information
Birth of freedomEdit
The Old Republic existed prior to the Galactic Republic, until approximately one thousand years before the Clone Wars. The Jedi Order had been formed at least two thousand standard years prior to the Clone Wars, and utilized a ship called the Crucible to ferry Jedi Younglings from the Jedi Temple on Coruscant to Ilum in order to collect rare kyber crystals in a ritual known as the Gathering. Eventually, the Jedi Order came to serve alongside the Old Republic, and fought against the Zygerrian Slave Empire when the Old Republic declared slavery to be illegal, eventually driving the practice into the underworld while exiling the remaining Zygerrians to their homeworld of Zygerria. 
Fall of the Old RepublicEdit
- "This lightsaber was stolen from your Jedi Temple by my ancestors during the fall of the Old Republic."
- ―Pre Vizsla, to Obi-Wan Kenobi, regarding the darksaber
With the warrior culture of Mandalore and its belief of continual warfare without regard to the Jedi mandate of protecting the weak, the Jedi Order mobilized its forces in an effort to stop the aggressive expansion of the Mandalorians into known space. This conflict eventually strained the Old Republic, allowing the ancestors of Pre Vizsla, leader of the Mandalorian group Death Watch during the Clone Wars, to steal the darksaber from the Jedi Temple.
As the Old Republic slowly fell, the Jedi Order finally believed itself victorious from its conflict with the Sith after its formation during the Hundred-Year Darkness, and eventually served under the newly formed Galactic Republic following the collapse of the Old Republic.
In the thousand years after the fall of the Old Republic, the Jedi Order that served it would continue its legacy and endure during the Jedi Purge, while a New Republic would be formed in reverence to the Galactic Republic of old. Nevertheless, the Zygerrians would continue to hold a grudge against both the Galactic Republic and the Jedi for the destruction of their slave empire. Old Republic music such as the Sestina of Imperator Vex would survive and continue to be sung even in the months following the Battle of Endor.
Behind the scenesEdit
The term "Old Republic" was first used in the 1977 film Star Wars: Episode IV A New Hope, in reference to what is now known as the Galactic Republic. The separate entity known as Old Republic was first mentioned in canon in "The Mandalore Plot," the twelfth episode of the second season of the animated television series Star Wars: The Clone Wars. In Star Wars Legends, the government referenced was still the Galactic Republic, which existed in various incarnations for thousands of years; whereas Star Wars: Episode II Attack of the Clones stated that the Galactic Republic had stood for 1,000 years, Legends stories state it existed for over 25,000 years. Those Legends stories are not canon, however, and therefore cannot be used to say that the Old Republic and the Galactic Republic are one and the same.
The symbol of the Old Republic was used in "A Test of Strength," the seventh episode of the fifth season of The Clone Wars. The Crucible, the ancient Jedi ship used within the episode, was based on Corellian cruisers seen in the Legends video game Star Wars: The Old Republic. According to StarWars.com, the ancient Jedi logo seen in the cruiser is the symbol of the Old Republic, which was also used in The Old Republic video game.
- Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "The Mandalore Plot" (First mentioned)
- Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Citadel Rescue" (Mentioned only)
- Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "A Test of Strength" (Emblem only)
- Tarkin (Mentioned only)
- Aftermath (Mentioned only)
Notes and referencesEdit
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 Star Wars: Episode II Attack of the Clones
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "The Mandalore Plot"
- ↑ 3.0 3.1
- ↑ Tarkin
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 Aftermath
- ↑ Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Kidnapped"
- ↑ Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Slaves of the Republic"
- ↑ Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Escape from Kadavo"
- ↑ 10.0 10.1 Star Wars: Episode IV A New Hope
- ↑ Star Wars: The Old Republic Encyclopedia