A parent was the biological progenitor of an offspring.
Humans were typically born to a male father and a female mother. Anakin Skywalker, a Jedi who would become known as the "Chosen One," had no known father, resulting in Shmi Skywalker Lars's great surprise when she became pregnant with him. The Jedi Master Qui-Gon Jinn, upon being told this speculated that Skywalker had, in fact, been conceived directly by the midi-chlorians.
The revelation of one's parentage could have profound implications for an individual. Luke Skywalker was shocked upon Darth Vader, who was formerly Anakin Skywalker, telling him that he was his father. Although Luke did not accept this at first, he eventually came to believe the truth of it and used the information to them together and convince Vader to save him from the ravages of his master, Darth Sidious. Leia Organa, another child of Vader, was forced to exit the Galactic Senate of the New Republic upon the truth of her parentage being revealed.
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