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Parsec

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This article is about the distance measurement. You may be looking for the clone trooper by the same name.
"It's the ship that made the Kessel Run in less than twelve parsecs."
Han Solo, referring to the Millennium Falcon[src]

A parsec was a unit of distance equal to 3.26 light years.[1] The system used by starship navigators throughout the galaxy to record the location of star systems was based on parsecs, with one unit on the coordinate scale corresponding to 15 parsecs.[2]

Behind the scenesEdit

"I just found out that a parsec is a unit of distance, not speed!"
―A bitizen on the HoloNet[src]

By real world definition, a parsec is 360×60×60/2π Astronomical Units (AU). It is a measurement of distance based on apparent stellar motion as observed from Earth.

Since the Galactic Standard "AU", would be based on Coruscant's orbit (368 days) it would equal 150,349,907,726 meters. This makes a Galactic Standard parsec equal 31,011,894,586,294,500 meters. This is equivalent to 19,247,170,866,776.515 miles.

Note, that it is also possible that the Coruscant Day, Hour, etc. are 0.75% shorter than Earth's, in which case, the AU and parsec would be the same length as Earth's.

Earth has a year 365.2424 days long and an AU of 149,597,870,691 meters. This makes an Earth based parsec equal 30,856,775,813,057,300 meters. this is also equal to about 19,173,511,580,000 miles.

Planet Orbit
(days)
AU
(astronomical unit)
Parsec
Earth 365.2424 149,597,870,691 30,856,775,813,057,300
Coruscant 368 150,349,907,726 31,011,894,586,294,500

The "Decoded" version of the Star Wars: The Clone Wars episode Dooku Captured says that six parsecs equals about 114 trillion miles, although it would be closer to 116 trillion miles using either figure. Coruscant may be closer or farther to its sun than Earth is.

The Essential Atlas says a parsec is 3.26 light-years.[1]

A New Hope Mess-up?Edit

In Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope, Han Solo boasted about the speed of his spaceship by claiming it made the Kessel Run in less than twelve parsecs, despite a parsec being a unit of distance. (In the novelization, he said, "less than twelve standard timeparts."[3])

However, the Kessel Run is through the Maw. Event horizons around black holes are dependent on the speed at which you are traveling. A standard ship has to do the run in eighteen parsecs because to cut the route any closer, the ship would get sucked in.
Falcon-SAG
The Millennium Falcon.
The Falcon, however, is fast enough to straighten the route and cut over six parsecs off the distance traveled.

A parsec is a relatively small unit in astronomical terms, only 3.26 light years. If the Star Wars galaxy is similar in size to ours, roughly 30,000 parsecs across, elementary arithmetic shows that any ship capable of traveling across the galaxy in only a few weeks could travel six parsecs in less than ten minutes. However, in The Courtship of Princess Leia, it takes more than a week to travel a distance of only seventy parsecs (the stated distance between Dathomir and Coruscant).

The director's commentary on the Blu-Ray Star Wars set explains that hyperspace travel requires heavy computation to compute a path that does not cause you to fly through a star. The Millennium Falcon has customized computation engines that calculate shorter hyperspace paths more quickly than those in other ships. Shorter distances mean faster travel times. The Falcon reduces travel times by a combination of being faster in a traditional sense, and by using more accurate navigation calculations.

AppearancesEdit

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