- "And don't forget she's a politician. They're not to be trusted."
- ―Obi-Wan Kenobi, about Padmé Amidala
Politics were the activities associated with the policies of a government. Those involved in such activities were referred to as politicians. Across the galaxy, there existed many different forms of government.
Forms of governmentEdit
- "We need a system where the politicians sit down and discuss the problems, agree what's in the best interests of all the people, and then do it."
"That is exactly what we do. The trouble is that people don't always agree."
- ―Anakin Skywalker and Padmé Amidala
In a republic, people are governed by an elected representative and by an elected leader rather than by a monarch. With its body of elected senators, the Galactic Republic was a galaxy-spanning democracy. However that system was not without its drawbacks. As admitted by Padmé Amidala, a Republic senator, elected representatives were often too stubborn to reach consensus, and some were known to have even taken bribes. Additionally, many of those representatives were tempted to forget common interest and looked out only for themselves and their home systems. The Jedi Knight Obi-Wan Kenobi thought that most senators were only focused on pleasing those who sponsored their campaigns, which prompted them to forget the ideals of democracy.
- "And as your King, I pledge my loyalty to all people of Mon Cala."
- ―King Lee-Char of Mon Cala
In a monarchy, a single individual—known as king or queen depending on gender—would rule his or her people by birthright, grounding their legitimacy in lineage. The Elder Houses were comprised of ancient galactic royalty.
Sometimes, however, the legitimacy of a lineage was contested. During the Clone Wars, Prince Lee-Char of Mon Cala was preordained to succeed his father Yos Kolina, but the Quarren inhabitants of the planet wanted to place one of their own on the throne, which prompted them to wage war with the crown heir. Other planets ruled by monarchies included Aleen, Toydaria, and Onderon. Some monarchs, such as those of Naboo, were elected to the throne.
An empire was a government that frequently had many territories under the rule of a single leader, who was typically called an emperor or an empress depending on the gender.
- "That sounds an awful lot like a dictatorship to me."
"Well, if it works…"
- ―Padmé Amidala and Anakin Skywalker
A dictatorship was a form of government in which central authority is vested in the hands of a single individual, who often held vast executive power. The authority of that individual, called a dictator, is often enforced through various oppressive mechanisms, such as repression of the press, detention of political activists and the use of omnipresent security measures to monitor public opinion, often with hopes of manipulating it in favor of the regime. A form of dictatorship was called fascism.
At the time of the Clone Wars, the planet Quarzite was ruled over by a Belugan dictator, Lord Otua Blank. When Sheev Palpatine, then Supreme Chancellor of the Republic, announced the establishment of the First Galactic Empire, the galactic government shifted from a democracy to a dictatorship, more specifically, a fascist regime.
- "I wasn't the youngest queen ever elected, but now that I think back on it, I'm not sure I was old enough."
- ―Padmé Amidala, to Anakin Skywalker
There also existed hybrid forms of government. On the planet of Naboo, the head of state was referred to as a king or queen despite being elected by his or her people. He or she was assisted by a body of ministers called the Naboo Royal Advisory Council. Additionally, that elected sovereign could only serve two terms in accordance with the Naboo constitution, a type of constitutional monarchy.
Behind the scenesEdit
The term "fascism" based on the real-world equivalent was absent from Star Wars media until its inclusion in the 2016 reference book Star Wars Propaganda: A History of Persuasive Art in the Galaxy, in which the in-universe author expresses shame over the pro-imperial propaganda poster Imperius Unitada ober Totallex for its "unflinching fascist image."
- Star Wars: Episode I The Phantom Menace
- Star Wars: Episode II Attack of the Clones
- Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Senate Murders"
- Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Heroes on Both Sides"
- Star Wars: Episode III Revenge of the Sith
- Ahsoka (Mentioned only)
- Servants of the Empire: Rebel in the Ranks
- Star Wars Rebels – "Vision of Hope"
- Servants of the Empire: Imperial Justice
- Star Wars Rebels – "Legacy of Mandalore" (Mentioned only)
- Rogue One: A Star Wars Story novel
- Star Wars: Episode IV A New Hope (First appearance)
- Star Wars: Episode V The Empire Strikes Back
- The Empire Strikes Back: So You Want to Be a Jedi?
- Star Wars: Episode VI Return of the Jedi
- Aftermath: Empire's End
- Star Wars: The Force Awakens novel (Mentioned only)
- (as "politician")
- Star Wars Propaganda: A History of Persuasive Art in the Galaxy
- Backstories: Star Wars – Princess Leia: Royal Rebel
Notes and referencesEdit
- ↑ Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Nomad Droids"
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Star Wars: Episode II Attack of the Clones
- ↑ Star Wars: The Clone Wars — "Pursuit of Peace"
- ↑ Star Wars: Episode I The Phantom Menace
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 Bloodline
- ↑ Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Water War"
- ↑ Backstories: Star Wars – Princess Leia: Royal Rebel
- ↑ 12.0 12.1 12.2 Star Wars Propaganda: A History of Persuasive Art in the Galaxy
- ↑ Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Bounty"
- ↑ Star Wars: Episode III Revenge of the Sith'
- ↑ Star Wars: Rogue One: The Ultimate Visual Guide