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"And don't forget she's a politician. They're not to be trusted."
―Obi-Wan Kenobi, about Padmé Amidala[src]

Politics were the activities associated with the policies of a government. Those involved in such activities were referred to as politicians. Across the galaxy, there existed many different forms of government.

Forms of governmentEdit

RepublicEdit

"We need a system where the politicians sit down and discuss the problems, agree what's in the best interests of all the people, and then do it."
"That is exactly what we do. The trouble is that people don't always agree."
―Anakin Skywalker and Padmé Amidala[src]
Palpatine on balcony

Elected representatives of the Galactic Republic

In a republic, people are governed by an elected representative and by an elected leader rather than by a monarch.[1] With its body of elected senators, the Galactic Republic was a galaxy-spanning democracy.[2] However that system was not without its drawbacks. As admitted by Padmé Amidala, a Republic senator, elected representatives were often too stubborn to reach consensus, and some were known to have even taken bribes.[3][4] Additionally, many of those representatives were tempted to forget common interest and looked out only for themselves and their home systems.[5] The Jedi Knight Obi-Wan Kenobi thought that most senators were only focused on pleasing those who sponsored their campaigns, which prompted them to forget the ideals of democracy.[3]

MonarchyEdit

"And as your King, I pledge my loyalty to all people of Mon Cala."
―King Lee-Char of Mon Cala[src]

In a monarchy, a single individual—known as king or queen depending on the gender—would rule his or her people by birthright, grounding his or her legitimacy in his or her lineage. Sometimes, however, the legitimacy of a lineage was contested. During the Clone Wars, Prince Lee-Char of Mon Cala was preordained to succeed his father Yos Kolina, but the Quarren inhabitants of the planet wanted to place one of their own on the throne, which prompted them to wage war with the crown heir.[6] Other planets ruled by monarchies included Aleen,[7] Toydaria,[8] and Onderon.[9] Some monarchs, such as that of Naboo, were elected to the throne.[3]

By the time of the New Republic, few people still took hereditary nobility seriously, including nobles themselves. Due to this, the noble titles of many planets became mainly ceremonial.[10]

DictatorshipEdit

ImperialFigureheads

The policies of Palpatine's Galactic Empire were exercised through force and oppression.

"That sounds an awful lot like a dictatorship to me."
"Well, if it works…"
―Padmé Amidala and Anakin Skywalker[src]

A dictatorship is a form of government in which central authority is vested in the hands of a single individual, who often held vast executive power. The authority of that individual, called a dictator, is often enforced through various oppressive mechanisms, such as repression of the press, detention of political activists and the use of omnipresent security measures to monitor public opinion, often with hopes of manipulating it in favor of the regime. At the time of the Clone Wars, the planet Quarzite was ruled over by a Belugan dictator, Lord Otua Blank.[11] When Sheev Palpatine, then Supreme Chancellor of the Republic, announced the establishment of the First Galactic Empire,[12] the galactic government shifted from a democracy to a dictatorship.[13]

Other formsEdit

"I wasn't the youngest queen ever elected, but now that I think back on it, I'm not sure I was old enough."
―Padmé Amidala, to Anakin Skywalker[src]

There also existed hybrid forms of government. On the planet of Naboo, the head of state was referred to as a king or queen despite being elected by his or her people.[14] He or she was assisted by a body of ministers called the Naboo Royal Advisory Council.[15] Additionally, that elected sovereign could only serve two terms in accordance with the Naboo constitution, a type of constitutional monarchy.[3]

AppearancesEdit

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