A statue was a three-dimensional work of art, as a figure of an individual or animal or an abstract form. Small and compact statues were referred to as statuettes, and a sculpture representing a person's head, shoulders, and upper chest was called a bust.
Statues could notably be carved in stone or cast in bronzium. In addition to their aesthetic value, statues were also used as symbols of power by the important people who owned them. Some were built to commemorate the life of an influential person.