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Supreme Chancellor

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Senate seal
Symbol of the Galactic Senate after the Ruusan Reformations, which served as the Supreme Chancellor's insignia
Supreme Chancellor
Historical information
Established by

Galactic Republic

Date established

25,053 BBY

Date abolished

19 BBY

Notable individuals
Role
Government

Galactic Republic

Organization

Galactic Senate

Term length

4 years

Duties

Appointed leader of the Galactic Republic

Chronological information
Era(s)
Chancellor redirects here. You may be looking for the Klatooinian Chancellor, Chancellor Qua of the Zenox Star Cluster, or the individual named Chanceller.
"The Chancellor is not a bad man, Obi-Wan."
Anakin Skywalker, to Obi-Wan Kenobi, speaking of Palpatine[src]

Supreme Chancellor, usually simply known as the Chancellor or Chancellor (name of office holder) and also known as Chancellor of the Republic, Galactic Chancellor, Grand Chancellor,[1] High Chancellor, [2] President of the Republic,[3] or President of the Senate[4] was the title of the Head of State and Government as well as Senate President and Senate Chair of the Galactic Republic.

Appointment of the ChancellorEdit

The Chancellor was elected by and from the senators and representatives of the Galactic Senate and could serve two four-year terms before being forced to retire from the Chancellorship because of term limits. The Chancellor could be removed from office at any time by the Senate with a Vote of No Confidence. All of the Chancellors elected between 1400 BBY and 1000 BBY were Jedi, a trend finally broken with the 1000 BBY election of Tarsus Valorum.[5]

Elections for ChancellorEdit

Powers and functions of the ChancellorshipEdit

Tarsus Valorum-TEA
Supreme Chancellor Tarsus Valorum modernized and de-militarized the Republic during the Russan Reformations.

The Chancellorship was largely a powerless position in the last years of the Republic, especially after the Ruusan Reformations, and the Chancellor served mainly as an officiator of parliamentary procedure and the first among equals in the Senate. However, it had the authority to call an Extraordinary Session of the Senate, and could invoke "Chancellor's prerogative" in circumventing minor aspects of the Senate's parliamentary procedure. The Chancellor also served as the head of the Senatorial Council.

It was still a very prestigious position, however, and the Chancellor had a grand office in both the Senate Rotunda's Chancellery and in the dome-like Senate Office Building in Galactic City. The Chancellor was properly addressed as "Your Excellency". The symbol of the office of the Chancellor, as well as the Galactic Senate as a whole, was a fanned spear. This sigil was also emblazoned prominently on the Chancellor's podium in the center of the Senate Rotunda's Main Chamber. When in the Main Chamber, the Chancellor usually wore a Veda cloth robe. The Chancellor was elected from among the Senators who made up the Galactic Senate and served a term of office that lasted for four standard years. A Chancellor could legally serve only two consecutive four-year terms before he or she had to step down due to term limits.

Chancellor Finis Valorum was seen during the Blockade of Naboo and presided over the dispute between Naboo and the Trade Federation. He was ousted when Queen Amidala, on Senator Palpatine's urging, moved for a vote of no confidence.

The office became much more powerful during the term of Chancellor Palpatine, who was able to convince the Senate to grant him a range of "emergency" powers due to the Separatist Crisis and then the Clone Wars, including an unconstitutional extension of his term of office after 24 BBY for the duration of the Separatist Crisis and authority as Commander-in-Chief of their new military during the Clone Wars. The Chancellor was given more direct power over administrative concerns, and he was allowed to overrule local planetary and sectorial governments. The Sector Governance Decree allowed him to appoint military governors to every planet in the Republic, and the Security Act amendment gave him complete control over the Jedi Order and Republic military, stripping both the Jedi and the Senate of their previous oversight.

Eventually, Palpatine became a dictator and proclaimed himself Emperor of the galaxy, thus abolishing the office of Chancellor and transforming the Galactic Republic into the Galactic Empire. The position was not revived by the New Republic, which chose instead to call its Head of State and Government the Chief of State. Although the office of Chancellor had existed as a symbol of good for thousands of years since the dawn of the Galactic Republic, Palpatine's thirteen years in the Chancellorship, added to his reign as Galactic Emperor, forever tainted the once noble and prestigious position to the point where it was far too controversial to be revived in the New Republic.

List of known Supreme Chancellors of the Galactic RepublicEdit

Palpatine WoSW
Chancellor Palpatine, the last Chancellor of the Galactic Republic

Style of officeEdit

The Chancellor of the Republic used the style of "Your Excellency" (this was in contrast to the style of "Your Imperial Majesty" used during the later Galactic Empire), for example when conversing with GAR officers such as Admiral Wilhuff Tarkin.[9]

Behind the scenesEdit

The Chancellorship may not be the original name for the Republic's leader, the leader of the Republic had previously been styled President of the Republic or President of the Senate in previous works as early as the Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope novelization, though this may also have simply been one of the Chancellor's many titles. There is further confusion in that The Essential Chronology and The New Essential Chronology use both titles to describe the Republic's leader during the Great Sith War. It is also possible that the offices of President and Chancellor existed independently of each other at first, but were at some point merged (possibly as part of the Ruusan Reformation). In addition, in Star Wars: The Visual Dictionary, Palpatine was mentioned to be the President of the Galactic Senate, although Star Wars: The Complete Visual Dictionary updated it to being the Supreme Chancellor of the Galactic Senate.

However, while works only referred to the leader of the Republic as the Chancellor following the release of Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace, George Lucas used the term to describe the leader of the Old Republic in interviews as far back as 1977.[10]

If you enter the code SUPREME CHANCELLOR in The Force Unleashed video game, it unlocks every costume in the game.

AppearancesEdit

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SourcesEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

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