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Earth was an Outer Rim planet notable for its biological diversity, which could be compared to other Human worlds like Corellia, Alderaan and Naboo, and its inhabitants' claims that Earth was the origin of the Human species.
Located in a remote region of the galaxy, away from spiral branches and established hyperspace routes, Earth could be considered a lost world, hosting a backwater Human civilization. It was the third planet in the Sol system, orbited by its only moon, Luna (interestingly, the words "Sol" and "Luna" mean simply "sun" and "moon" in one of the ancient Earthean languages), and its rather balanced position in the system ensured unique ecological conditions.
Like on other Human worlds, Earth had large amount of surface water (approximately 2/3 of the surface), and almost every known climatic zone could be found on the planet, from arctic to tropical to deserts, which is one of the main reasons for the unprecedented variety of Earthean flora and fauna.
It is unknown how Humans appeared on Earth, mostly due to the ambiguous roots of this species. They are the only sentient species found on the planet, although myths and legends of some notable Earth communities indicate that is was not always so. Available evidence suggests that Earthean Humans are likely to be direct descendants of a small group of Coruscanti that appeared on Earth c. 11,000 BBY — probably explorers — and was not contacted ever since, allowing its civilization to develop independently. However, it is believed that it was visited several times by other species, such as Children of the Green Planet.
Earth was discovered in 0 BBY by the Galactic Empire as a result of Emperor Palpatine's expansionist program, which was researching previously untouched areas of the Outer Rim, Wild Space, and Unknown Regions. However, the Empire decided not to colonize the world, as the discovery of Earth coincided with the rise of the Rebellion; after the Death Star I was destroyed at the Battle of Yavin, the Empire was forced to reorganize its fleet, recalling its vessels bound to Earth to the Yavin system.
In contrast, the New Republic and its successor state, the Galactic Alliance, paid close attention to Earth. In 21 ABY, the first New Republic ambassadors made contact with major Earthean leaders, setting a course to eventual globalization and integration of the Human civilization of Earth. Upon the formation of the Galactic Alliance, Chief of State Cal Omas declared that the Alliance would establish a strong presence on Earth as soon as the natives were "ready" for it.
As of 29 ABY, the Earthean (also called Earthican, Earthling, or Terran) society was fragmented into over two hundred independent states, although recent trends indicated ongoing unification and "world citizenship" efforts aimed to erode cultural differences with the help of a relatively new worldwide computer network — in particular, Galactic Basic Standard was rapidly becoming the de facto global language of Earth. Despite that, the majority of Earth's population remained factional and xenophobic, sometimes expressing speciesism, racism and nationalism to the point of open hostility towards other Human races and communities on Earth, as well as opposing ongoing globalization.
While it is a matter of debate whether the majority of Eartheans believed in the existence of life beyond their planet, the New Republic ambassadors described the population of Earth as unprepared, for the most part, for a full-fledged interplanetary contact, which would be almost universally interpreted as a hostile invasion. Although there were a number of ongoing projects aimed to detect intelligent life outside Earth, the technology they used was deemed too primitive — in particular, it did not take hyperspace into account.
One notable distinguishing mark of the Earthean society was the lack of any Force-based cult: no existing religious cults on Earth actually exercised Force usage. After studying the first reports, the Jedi mostly agreed with the opinion of Master Luke Skywalker, who suspected that the descendants of the colonists of Earth gradually lost their Force sensitivity, similar to the Rakata of the Infinite Empire. Nevertheless, a Jedi covert group sent to Earth in 24 ABY found 0.7% of one particular nation's population to be Force-sensitive. The Jedi Order later made the statistics publicly available.
The small amount of people who could actually use the Force (even their existence was disputed), had only limited Force powers, such as:
The powers above were the only powers which were actually recorded. Persons who could use these abilities were variously called Mediums, Psychics, or Clairvoyants. People with these natural Force abilities are treated with disdain by other Earthians, who regard these abilities to be nothing more than simple parlour tricks.
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