X-wing starfighters were a type of starfighter marked by their distinctive S-foils that resembled an 'X' in attack formation.They are heavily armed with each wing containing a laser cannon. X wings are also equipped with proton torpedoes. X wings were designed for dogfighting and long period missions. During the Galactic Civil War, the Rebel Alliance used T-65B X-wing starfighters and T-65C-A2 X-wings in many battles, including the Battle of Yavin and the Battle of Endor.
Approximately thirty years later, a different and upgraded variation of X-wing, the T-70 were used by the Resistance, whereas a more advanced model, the T-85, was used by the New Republic Starfleet.
Design and DevelopemntEdit
The X-wing is descended from Incom Corporation's Clone Wars-era starfighters, namely the Aggressive ReConnaissance-170 starfighter, Clone Z-95 starfighter, and Z-95 Headhunter. Incom's engineers strove to build a well-rounded, hyperdrive-equipped snubfighter with no exploitable weakness. The new starfighter was intended to become the backbone of the Imperial Navy, but political forces led to the Galactic Empire deciding to rely on Sienar Fleet Systems' more affordable but less capable TIE line. The Alliance to Restore the Republic then adopted the design as its own.
The Alliance had at least three squadrons equipped with the type by 0 BBY. X-wings were also used by Saw Gerrera's Partisans, who had been ejected from the Alliance for Gerrera's extremist views. X-wings saw action over Jedha with the Partisans, and in the Mission to Eadu with the Alliance.The full-scale Galactic Civil War began with the Battle of Scarif, a phyrric victory for the Alliance. The Alliance's Rogue One strike team disobeyed orders and deployed itself to Scarif in a desperate bid to steal the technical readouts for the Empire's Death Star battlestation, and was subsequently joined by the Alliance Fleet. X-wings from Red Squadron, Green Squadron, and Blue Squadron engaged Imperial TIEs and attempted to destroy the Shield Gate, while the capital ships joined the Shield Gate assault and fought the Imperial Star Destroyers. Shortly after the Alliance acquired the Death Star plans, the Death Star arrived at Scarif and fired a low-power blast at the Citadel Tower, killing all forces at the Imperial surface installation. Within days of Scarif, the Empire learned that the Alliance was headquartered at Yavin 4, and deployed the Death Star to crush the Alliance. The Alliance, having learned of the battlestation's fatal design flaw, deployed a force of 30 starfighters (including 22 X-wings) to attempt a series of attack runs on the planet-killing space station. The result was another costly victory for the Alliance. Luke Skywalker, a Force-sensitive Rebel pilot, fired a pair of proton torpedoes into the Death Star's thermal exhaust port, causing a chain reaction in the reactor that destroyed the entire station. Although the Death Star was gone, the Alliance lost 27 starfighters (including 20 X-wings) in the assault.
In 0 ABY, mere days of the Battle of Yavin, Leia Organa and Evaan Verlaine disobeyed orders from Alliance High Command and departed on mission to rescue the survivors of Alderaan. Skywalker and Wedge Antilles, the only surviving X-wing pilots, were scrambled to intercept their shuttle, but the wayward rebels jumped to hyperspace.
X-wings would again see large-scale action against the Empire in the Battle of Vrogas Vas. The battle was a costly defeat for the Alliance, with Blue Squadron completely destroyed and Red Squadron suffering heavy casualties. The Alliance then struck back against the Empire with the hijacking of the Harbinger, a major space battle that resulted in the only case of an Imperial-class Star Destroyer being successfully boarded and hijacked. The Alliance used the Harbinger to break through the Blockade of Tureen VII and bring relief supplies to the planet's population.
In 1 ABY, a number of X-wings accompanied the Sixty-First Mobile Infantry squad, known to most as "Twilight Company", on the Coyerti campaign in the Mid Rim Retreat. The campaign ended with the destruction of an Imperial biotoxin production facility and an Alliance victory.In 3 ABY, numerous X-wings served as fighter escorts for the Alliance's GR-75 medium transports during the Battle of Hoth. The rearguard actions on the surface covering the evacuation proved costly to the Alliance, with many personnel killed. Additionally, the Alliance was forced to leave behind much of their heavy equipment, and the fleet scattered throughout the Outer Rim Territories. Most X-wings joined the Alliance fleet at a predetermined rendezvous point.
Luke Skywalker, however, traveled to the Dagobah system to seek out Yoda, the former Grand Master of the Jedi Order. Due to Dagobah's thick fog, Skywalker crashed his X-wing in a swamp and was unable to get it out. At the urging of Obi-Wan Kenobi's Force spirit, Yoda reluctantly began training Skywalker to be a Jedi. Skywalker's training was ultimately cut short by Force vision of Leia and Han Solo in excruciating pain, which convinced Skywalker that he needed to leave immediately. Although Skywalker had demonstrated some skill with telekinesis at this point, his self-doubt led to his being ultimately unable to lift his waterlogged X-wing out of the bog. Only Yoda's assistance allowed Skywalker to leave the system and rescue his friends on Bespin, with the promise that he would return to Dagobah and complete his training. Unknown to Luke, Darth Vader had tortured Organa and Solo in order to lure him into a duel on Cloud City. Luke lost a hand and discovered a terrible truth in Cloud City, and was forced to abandon his X-wing when Organa rescued him in the Millennium Falcon.
Later, X-wings assisted the beleagured Twilight Company in the Siege of Inyusu Tor. Although the Alliance squad was stranded on Sullust and on the verge of defeat from the outset, an uprising of the Cobalt Laborers' Reformation Front eventually forced the Empire to evacuate the planet.
In 4 ABY, Corona Squadron engaged Imperial TIEs in a dogfight in the Hudalla system. The small but drawn out engagement resulted in each side losing a single starfighter, and it set the stage for the Battle of EndorBy this time, Luke Skywalker had acquired another X-wing and traveled in it back to Tatooine to lead the rescue of Han Solo, who had been arrested by Boba Fett and encased in carbonite at Jabba's Palace. Upon the successful completion of the rescue, Skywalker returned to Dagobah, fulfilling his promise to Yoda. After discovering the existence of his twin sister from Kenobi's Force spirit, Skywalker departed Dagobah for the final time, en route to Sullust to rejoin the Alliance fleet. On Skywalker's arrival, the entirety of the Alliance Fleet staged a large-scale assault on the Death Star II, an under-construction Imperial battlestation with even more firepower than the original Death Star. Wedge Antilles and Lando Calrissian, accompanied by a group of starfighters, led an attack run deep within the bowels of the station and fired ordnance at the reactor core, destroying the station.
Seventeen days after the Battle of Endor, X-wings took part in the Battle of Cawa City, which expelled Imperial forces from Sterdic IV. X-wings also engaged Imperial TIEs in a dogfight over Naboo, which resulted in the destruction of a series of Imperial weather control satellites and the failure of Operation: Cinder. Shortly after, the Alliance had reorganized itself into the New Republic and continued to operate the Alliance's starfighters. New Republic X-wings saw action at the Battle of Naalol and the Rebellion on Akiva.
In 5 ABY, the Empire continued to put up stubborn resistance against the New Republic's liberation of the galaxy. X-wings accompanied the A/SF-01 B-wing starfighters of Blade Squadron in the Battle for Kuat Drive Yards, which crippled the Empire's capability to produce starships and walkers. The 12 X-wings of Phantom Squadron took part in the Liberation of Kashyyyk, which deprived the Empire of much of its slave labor. X-wings of the Tierfon Yellow Aces and numerous other squadrons took part in the cataclysmic Battle of Jakku. The Galactic Concordance treaty was signed in the middle of the battle, which marked the final surrender of the Empire. The Imperial ships that hadn't been destroyed in the fighting began jumping into the Unknown Regions, and went on to form the nucleus of the First Order Navy.
Notes and referencesEdit
- X-wing fighter on Wikipedia